The Ebers Papyrus mentioned depression and thought disorders.
Many cities in Greece had temples to Asklepios that provided cures for psychosomatic illnesses.
Suggested theory of humors as regulating human behavior
SocratesSocrates has been called the father of western philosophy, if only via his influence on Plato and Aristotle. Socrates made a major contribution to pedagogy via his dialectical method and to epistemology via his definition of true knowledge as true belief buttressed by some rational justification.