Artifical Intelligence

Timeline created by jaiden123
  • Konrad Zuse built the first working program-controlled computers

  • Arturo Rosenblueth, Norbert Wiener and Julian Bigelow coin the term "cybernetics". Wiener's popular book by that name published in 1948.

  • Alan Turing proposes the Turing Test as a measure of machine intelligence.

  • The name artificial intelligence is used for the first time as the topic of the second Dartmouth Conference, organized by John McCarthy

  • John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky founded the MIT AI Lab.

  • First industrial robot company, Unimation, founded.

  • Edward Feigenbaum initiated Dendral, a ten-year effort to develop software to deduce the molecular structure of organic compounds using scientific instrument data. It was the first expert system.

  • Yorick Wilks (Stanford) developed the semantic coherence view of language called Preference Semantics, embodied in the first semantics-driven machine translation program, and the basis of many PhD dissertations since such as Bran Boguraev and David Carte

  • Bill Woods described Augmented Transition Networks (ATN's) as a representation for natural language understanding.

  • The Stanford Cart, built by Hans Moravec, becomes the first computer-controlled, autonomous vehicle when it successfully traverses a chair-filled room and circumnavigates the Stanford AI Lab.

  • Lisp machines developed and marketed. First expert system shells and commercial applications.

  • James F. Allen invents the Interval Calculus, the first widely used formalization of temporal events

  • Dean Pomerleau at CMU creates ALVINN (An Autonomous Land Vehicle in a Neural Network).

  • Ian Horswill extended behavior-based robotics by creating Polly, the first robot to navigate using vision and operate at animal-like speeds (1 meter/second).

  • First official RoboCup football (soccer) match featuring table-top matches with 40 teams of interacting robots and over 5000 spectators.

  • Sony introduces an improved domestic robot similar to a Furby, the AIBO becomes one of the first artificially intelligent "pets" that is also autonomous.

  • Interactive robopets ("smart toys") become commercially available, realizing the vision of the 18th century novelty toy makers.

  • The Nomad robot explores remote regions of Antarctica looking for meteorite samples.

  • DARPA introduces the DARPA Grand Challenge requiring competitors to produce autonomous vehicles for prize money.

  • Checkers is solved by a team of researchers at the University of Alberta.