Music History Timeline

Timeline created by mandre54
  • 800

    Musica Enchiriadis

    Also known as the Music Handbook, this text sets rules for polyphony. The two types he set were vox principalis and vox organalis.
  • 1026

    Guido of Arezzo's Micrologus

    The Micrologus was a treatise to Tedald, the bishop of Arezzo, which explained singing and teaching practice. It also contained the occursus, which was a predecessor of cadence.
  • 1322

    Ars Nova Treatise

    Written by Phillipe de Vitry, the treatise also designated time signatures, duple and triple and the duration of notes.
  • 1450

    Gutenberg Printing Press

  • 1515

    Josquin’s Missa Pangue Lingua

  • 1527

    Martin Luther’s Ein feste burg

  • 1538

    Arcadelt Il bianco e dolce cigno

  • 1562

    Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass

  • Sonata pian’e forte

    Giovanni Gabrieli wrote this piece in 1597 for the St. Mark's Basilica. This piece was the first piece to have indicated dynamics. It was written for a brass ensemble to be split across to different balconies and played toward each other.
  • Monteverdi's L'Orfeo

  • First Public Concerts in England

  • Purcell's Dido and Aeneas

  • Antonio Vivaldi's L'estro Armonico

  • The Brandenburg Concertos

  • Rameau's Traite de L'harmonie

  • The Well Tempered Clavier Volume 1

  • Handel's Messiah

  • Haydn's op.33 String Quartets

  • Mozart's Piano Concerto No.23

  • Mozart's Don Giovanni

  • Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 in C minor

  • Rossini's Il Barbiere di Siviglia

  • Niccolo Pagnini's 24 Caprices for Unaccompanied Violin, Op. 1

  • Erlkönig

    The piece was first performed in concert at a private gathering in Vienna.
  • Beethoven's Symphony No. 9

  • Berlioz Symphonie fantastique

  • Frederic Chopin Mazurkas Op. 7

  • Robert Schumann Carnaval

  • Fanny Mendelssohn-Hensel Das Jahr

    She began composing it on this date
  • Clara Wieck Schumann "Liebst du um Schönheit"

  • Berlioz Treatise on Instrumentation

  • Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64

  • Verdi's La traviata

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk's Souvenir de Porto Rico

  • Symphony No. 8 "Unfinished"

    This is date that this Symphony is premiered.
  • Wagner's Tristan und Isolde

  • Mussourgsky's Boris Godunov

  • Bizet's Carmen

  • Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen

  • Brahms' Symphony No. 4

  • Mahler's Symphony No. 1

  • Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker

  • Dvorak's Symphony No. 9 "New World"

  • Debussy's Prelude a l'apres midi d'un faune

  • Joplin's Maple Leaf Rag

  • Jean Sibelius' Finlandia

  • Puccini's Madama Butterfly

  • Schonberg's Pierrot Lunaire

  • Stravinsky's Le sacre du Printemps

  • Schonberg's Piano Suite, Op.25

  • George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue

  • Louis Armstrong's "Hotter Than That"

  • Shostakovich's Symphony No. 5 premiere

  • Prokofiev's Alexander Nevsky

  • Ellington's Cottontail

  • Olivier Messiaen's Quatuor pour le fine du temps

  • Bela Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra

  • John Cage's 4'33"

  • Edward Varese's Poeme Electronique

  • Miles Davis's Kind of Blue

  • George Crumb's Black Angels

  • John Adams' Short Ride in a Fast Machine

  • Period:

    Medieval Period

  • Period:


    Charlemagne caused what is now known as Gregorian Chant to be spread to the Christian liturgy. This started the path for music to be written down.
  • Period:

    Troubadour/ Trobairitz

    A Troubadour was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry in the medieval period.
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    Hildegard of Bingen

    She was a German Benedictine composer. She composed the oldest surviving morality plays. 69 of her compositions exist, but most only through text. This is one of the largest repertoires amongst medieval composers.
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    Notre Dame School of Polyphony

    A group of composers working at or near the cathedral of Notre Dame.
  • Period:

    Franco of Cologne/ Ars Cantus Mensurabilis

    Franco was the man who wrote the Ars Cantus Mensurabilis, him being a German music theorist. The Ars Cantus Mensurabilis is a music theory treatise that set a more advanced rhythmic sequence than they had, and set the groundwork for the mensural notation system.
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    Guillaume de Machaut

    Machaut was the most important composer and poet in 14th century France. He was the first the composer to compile his complete works.
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    Francesco Landini

    Landini was an esteemed performer, composer and poet, most well known for playing the organetto. He also did not write any sacred music.
  • Period:

    Concerto delle Donne

    The singing group sang in the court of Ferrara, Italy.
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    JS Bach

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    Pre Classical Period

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    Franz Joseph Haydn

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    Viennese Classical Period

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    WA Mozart

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    Chevalier de Saint-Georges as director of Concerts des Amateurs

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    Haydn's London Symphonies

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    Copland's Appalachian Spring