Music History Timeline

Timeline created by dayannab
In Music
  • 1026

    Guido of Arezzo's Micrologus

    Guido Of Arezzo's treatise called Micrologus is important for its knowledge of organum which consists of Gregorian chant and a similar transposed melody.
  • 1320

    Ars Nova Treatise

    Innovations: isorhythm, more complex rhythms, lower lines move slower as a foundation.
  • 1514

    Josquin’s Missa Pange lingua

    One of Josquin's last masses and one of his most famous. It was based on plainsong, and is a paraphrase mass.
  • 1529

    Martin Luther’s Ein feste burg

    A strophic chorale composed by Martin Luther during the Renaissance with the text from Psalm 46.
  • 1539

    Arcadelt: Il bianco e dolce cigno

    Italian, mostly homophonic a Capella 4 voice Madrigal in duple meter.
  • 1562

    Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass

    A sacred 6 voice mass composed by Palestrina. This mass was composed towards the end of the Council of Trent which discussed Polyphony in the church, because it could be "intelligible, so this text is balanced.
  • Sonata pian’e forte

    Written by Giovanni Gabrieli-Venice, Italy. This is one of the first pieces that requires specific brass instruments and it was a transition into the Baroque period.
  • Monteverdi L’Orfeo

    An Opera based on the story of Orpheus. This opera has polyphonic music and is the oldest opera, excluding Dafne because it is now lost.
  • First Public Concerts in England

    Handel is the most famous among those who were the front runners of public concerts starting in England. These concerts were charged for admission and especially Handel’s sold out.
  • Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas

    This is a very famous English opera composed by Henry Purcell. Word painting is used in this opera.
  • Antonio Vivaldi’s L'estro Armonico

    These are an influential collection of 12 concertos. Vivaldi composed these for specifically stringed instruments.
  • Brandenburg Concertos

    These are 6 concertos composed by Bach for an orchestra and soloists as a gift to the Margrave of Brandenburg.
  • Rameau’s Traité de l'harmonie

    This treatise created the foundation for harmony. This treatise included 12 tone scales and modern keys.
  • The Well-Tempered Clavier

    Bach’s most famous work. A collection of works that are in all of the 24 keys. It also contains some recycled preludes and fugues.
  • Handel’s Messiah

    This Biblical 3 part oratorio by Handel was completed in 1741, but premiered in Dublin in 1742 during Lent. It tells the story of Jesus Christ and goes through the 1) prophecies of the Messiah, 2)the death and resurrection, and 3) the second coming of Christ.
  • Haydn's op.33 String Quartets

    These quartets were dedicated to the Grand Duke Paul of Russia. Haydn uses several ways to add in "jokes" to these quartets and keep the audience on their toes.
  • Mozart's Piano Concerto No.23

    This is a concerto written by Mozart, while he was in Vienna, for an orchestra and solo piano(and the first to include clarinet).
  • Mozart's Don Giovanni

    One of Mozart's operas which premiered in Prague, and is recognized as one of the greatest operas of all time. The librettist was Lorenzo Da Ponte.
  • Period:
    476
    to
    1492

    Medieval Period

    The Medieval Period also known as the Middle Ages or Dark Ages was the period of history that started at the fall of the Western Roman Empire and ended when Renaissance period begins.
  • Period:
    768
    to
    814

    Charlemagne Time as Emperor

    Charlemagne contributed mostly to the standardization of church music in Western Europe and making music more regular in church services.
  • Period:
    801
    to
    900

    Musica Enchiriadis

    Treatise with one of the earliest examples of polyphonic music, with a plainchant voice a fourth or fifth below the organal voice.
  • Period:
    1071
    to
    1126

    Troubadour/trobairitz

    These were Northern French musicians and poets during the Middle Ages known for their music about courtly love
  • Period:
    1098
    to
    1179

    Hildegard of Bingen

    Hildegard of Bingen or Saint Hildegard was a prophet, composer, and poet among many other things and contributions.
  • Period:
    1160
    to
    1250

    Notre Dame School Polyphony

    "Our Lady", Leoninus, and Perotinus contributed to the works completed near the Notre Dame Cathedral during this period.
  • Period:
    1250
    to
    1280

    Franco of Cologne/Ars Cantus Mensurabilis

    This treatise introduced the idea of duration/rhythmic value of a note in music.
  • Period:
    1300
    to
    1377

    Guillaume de Machaut

    One of the leading French composers during the Ars Nova.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    Renaissance

    Following the Middle Ages, the Renaissance(rebirth) was the period of philosophy, humanism and an increase in the interest of art and literature started in Italy.
  • Period:
    1325
    to
    1397

    Francesco Landini

    Famous composer of secular music during the Ars Nova.
  • Period:
    1450
    to
    1454

    Gutenberg Printing Press

    The first movable type printing system in Europe invented by Johannes Gutenberg.
  • Period:
    1580
    to

    Concerto delle Donne

    A female vocal ensemble founded in the Renaissance court of Ferrara, Italy, that performed difficult Madrigals for the ducal family and noble others.
  • Period: to

    Baroque Period

    The musical era consisting of terraced dynamics, experimentation, and idiomatic writing.
  • Period: to

    JS Bach

    Bach was a German Baroque organist and composer. He is commonly regarded as the greatest composer of all time, with one of his most famous pieces being “The Well-Tempered Clavier.“
  • Period: to

    Handel

    A German born Baroque composer that settled in England. He is very well known for his many operas and he studied at the Royal Academy of Music.
  • Period: to

    Pre Classical Period

    The era that served as the transition between Baroque and Classical.
  • Period: to

    Franz Joseph Haydn

    A self taught Austrian Classical composer that invented the string quartet.
  • Period: to

    Chevalier de Saint-Georges as director of Concerts des Amateurs

    Recognized as the first black Classical composer. He was also a violinist and conductor of the Fench symphony, Concerts des Amateurs.
  • Period: to

    WA Mozart

    Mozart is a very famous composer from the Viennese Classical period and his name is still very well known today. He made a massive contribution to operas and was a musical prodigy who began performing in public at the mere age of 6.
  • Period: to

    Viennese Classical Period

    The Classical music era with a new focus on clarity, balance, and restraint.
  • Period: to

    Haydn's London Symphonies

    Haydn composed these symphonies after going to London and these are to this day considered one of his best accomplishments.