History of books

Timeline created by facebooker_100007331200151
  • 500

    Parchment

    Parchment
    500-200 BC. The parchment, a thin material made from calfskin, sheepskin, or evengoat skin. It was forst developed as a substitute for papyrus. It derives it name from the city of Pergamon ( the same greek city Pergamum) and it was perfected here. After a great library was set up in Pergamon (that rivalled the Lirary of Alexandria) prices began riseing for papyru leading to the adoption of parchment as the main writting material. parchment is diped in an alkali solution which removed the hairs.
  • Apr 7, 600

    Standardised writtin

    Standardised writtin
    Around 600 BC a general consensus of typical cultuers slowly emerged to form a more developed writting system. This was the left to right system.
  • Apr 9, 868

    The first printed book

    The first printed book
    The first book was printed on paper in China, using a block of wood that had characters carved in revers rellef. Ink was then placed on the block of wood to create a print on paper. This technique was called " block printing" or more accuratlly "woodblock printing." 868 AD
  • Apr 9, 1041

    The first moveable type

    The first moveable type
    Moveable type is the sytem of printing and typography that uses moveable components to produce the elements of a document ( usually letters or punctuation.) Chinese men called Bi Sheng came up with it, but this wooden method was not without it's problems however, the most serious of these being the ink soaking into the wood and making an uneven surface. As a result the wooden tablets were replaced with ceramic tablets. 1041-1230 AD.
  • Apr 9, 1439

    Moveable Type in europe

    1439 AD - 1450 AD.
  • Papyrus Scrolls

    Papyrus Scrolls
    The earliest surviving papyrus scrolls that contain words date back to 2400 BC, originating in Egypt ( The Fith Dynasty of KIng Neferirkare Kakai). Papyrus is a very thick paper like material made from the pith of the papyrus plant, a reed like swamp plant that used to be found in abundance along Nile River. The pith was cut into thin strips, pressed together and glued to form thin flat surface that could be written on.A calamus was cut from the stem of reed to write with, bird fathers also used
  • Symbols on Tablets

    Symbols on Tablets
    The first to attempt to transcribe symbols onto moveable materials were an ancient group of people known as the Sumarianswho lived in Southern Mesopotamia around 3500 BC.The Sumarians devised a "cuneiform" alphabet the symbols of which were etched into clay tablets with a triangle shaped stylus called a "Calamus" and then allowed to dry or be fired in a kiln to make them last as long as possible