Church History

Timeline created by littleboiii
  • 410

    Sack of Rome

  • 418

    Council of Carthage

  • 418

    Augustine Writes a Commentary on the Psalms

  • 430


    Born to pagan father and Christian mother.
    Rebels Christianity in his teens.
    Joins 'Manichees' at 18.
    Turned to Neoplatonism to find philosophical answers.
  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

  • 450

    Pope Leo

  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon

  • 500

    St. Patrick

  • 511


    Barbarian chief who converted to Christianity.
  • 529


    Becomes a monk at age 20
  • 565

    Justinian/Byzantine Empire

  • 590

    Gregory the Great become Pope

  • 600

    Augustine of Canterbury

  • 610

    Muhammad has a 'spiritual encounter' near the caves of Mecca

  • 632

    Muhammad dies

  • 635

    Christianity is brought to China by Alopen

  • 664

    The Catholics and Celtic churches met to debate which religion would rule Britain

  • 910

    Cluny founded

  • 1054

    East-West Schism

  • 1071

    Turks Defeat Byzantine Army

  • 1075

    Pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand) Papal Dictates

  • 1093


  • 1095

    Pope Urban II & The People's Crusade

  • 1098

    The First Official Crusade

  • 1099

    Jerusalem Taken

  • 1100

    Peter Abelard

  • 1147

    Bernard of Clairvaux & 2nd Crusade

  • 1187

    Saladin Captures Jerusalem & 3rd Crusade

  • 1202

    The Fourth Crusade

  • 1217

    The Fifth Crusade

  • 1225

    Thomas Aquinas

  • 1231

    The Inquisition

  • 1294

    Papal Election

  • 1295

    France and England go to War

  • 1369

    Jon Hus

  • 1374

    Francesso Petrarch

  • 1379

    John Wycliffe

  • 1414

    The Council of Constance

  • 1483

    Luther is born

  • 1484

    Zwingli is born

  • 1509

    John Calvin is Born

  • 1517

    Martin nails the 95 Thesis to the church doors

  • 1519

    Zwingli begins preaching in Zurich

  • 1519

    Luther's "Tower Experience"

  • 1520

    Luther is Excommunicated

  • 1523

    Zulrich Supports Zwingli

  • 1524

    The Peasant's War

  • 1527

    Michael Sattler

  • 1531

    Zwingli's Death & Battle of Kappel

  • 1534

    Jan Matthijis

  • 1534

    Paul III is elected Pope

  • 1535

    Jacob Hutter

  • 1536

    Calvin writes the Institutes

  • 1538

    Calvin & Farel are expelled from Geneva

  • 1540

    Luther went to Wittenburg

  • 1541

    Calvin back in Geneva

  • 1545

    Council of Trent

  • 1546

    Luther dies

  • 1552

    The Roman Inquisition

  • 1553

    Bloody Mary I

  • 1555

    Pope Paul IV

  • 1558

    Queen Elizabeth I

  • 1559

    John Knox

  • 1560

    Scottish Reformation

  • 1572

    St Bartholomew's Day Massacre

  • Act Against Puritans

  • King James of England

    Formerly king of Scotland since age 1
    Allowed church reform as long as it did not cause him to lose power as king
  • King James held conference and replaced the rule of bishop to the Presbyterian system

  • King James authorized his version of the Bible (KJV)

  • "Book of Sports" is issued

  • Synod of Dort

  • The Mayflower sails for New England

  • Galileo writes dialogue about the two major world systems

  • Prayer Book Riot

  • Descartes

  • Civil War between Charles I and Parliment

  • Philipp Jakob Spencer/ Pietist Movement

  • King James II

  • Isaac Newton discovers gravity

  • John Locke writes Treatises on Civil Government

  • Moravian Church Established

  • George Whitefield

  • Jonathan Edwards

  • The Wesley brothers sail to Georgia

  • Immanuel Kant

    You only know what you experience
    Reason explains theory & ideas
    Observation is subjective (personal interpretations of experiences)

    You cannot truly know the world beyond yourself
  • William Wilberforce

  • The French Revolution

    Commoners declare The Rights of Man
    Abolish tithes
    Regained church land
    Bishops and priests were elected by the people
    The church split - Catholics (loyal to Rome) and the Revolution
    Peasants developed a democratic parliment
    Aristocrats and “traitors” of the revolution were beheaded
    Faith was replaced with ideas of reason
  • Napoleon Bonaparte makes himself “first consul” of France

  • Friedrich Schleiermacher & Birth of Liberal Christianity & Romanticism

    Grew up pietist in Germany
    Experienced intellectual doubts about atonement and the incarnation

    Became a Reformed Chaplin in Berlin
    Wrote Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers
  • Napoleon requires the Pope to crown him emperor, but ended up crowning himself

  • Revivalist Charles Finney

  • The American Anti-Slavery Society

  • Joseph Smith publishes the Book of Mormon

  • Karl Marx writes The Communist Manifesto

  • Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species

  • The First Vatican Council (the last ecumenical council)

    Called by Pope Pius IX
    The agenda included many topics:
    The most important topic was papal infallibility
    The Pope cannot err when speaking as a pastor to the people on subjects concerning faith and morals
    The vote passed. The minority that disagreed formed the Old Catholics, but the rest approved total papal infallibility
  • Charles Parham and the Pentecostals

    Parham emphasised the gift of the Holy Spirit - speaking in tongues - that was given at Pentecost (Acts 2)
    Lead a nationwide revival tour where his students could speak in tongues
    Found that no one understood the “language” so tongues was then reserved for personal worship
    Pentecostalism became a branch off the Holiness Movement
    The 3rd blessing for a Christian was receiving the baptism of the Holy Spirit
  • World Missionary Conference

    Denominational splits made missionary work hard
    The conference gathered with 1,200 to discuss unification for missions
    The International Ministry Council
    Life and Work Movement
    The Faith and Order Movement
  • First World War

    The war brought about changes in faith and toleration for religion
    Christian liberals in America realized moral progress was not enough
    Religion took the back burner and progress, entertainment, and politics became more important
  • Karl Barth

    A Swiss Reformed pastor
    Most of Barth’s teachers signed a manifesto that agreed to the violence that started the war and believed that “salvation” was found in Germany victory
  • Barth publishes his commentary on Romans

    Condemned liberal Christianity
    Christianity is about God, not us
    The Bible is the Word of God and how we know him
  • Second World War

    Hitler pushes forward Nazi neo-paganism
    Jews are discriminated against and many are killed
    Pope Pius XI dies and leaves things to Pope Pius XII
    Pope Pius XII did not try to stop Hitler
    Christians learned through the Holocaust that Anti-Semitism needed to stop
    State of Israel was established in 1948 but Islam fought back
  • Emil Brunner

  • World Council of Churches (WCC)

    The ecumenical movement united Order and Faith with Life and Work
    Formed in Amsterdam in 1948
    Agreed to a simple Christian creed
    Wanted local church to unit and worship together
    Multiple evangelical churches dismissed it for being to liberal
    Pope Pius XII accepted it
  • National Party in South Africa

    Introduced apartheid (a policy of segregation based on race)
    Considered blacks to be inferior
    Whites had absolute power
    Banned marriage between whites and blacks
    The Dutch Reformed Church agreed, but other churches did not
  • Communist China expels Christianity

    Foreign missionaries were pushed out
    Chinese Christians looked forward to creating a “non-western” Christianity
    Christians places were shut down
  • Martin Luther King leads the Bus Boycott

    Baptist pastor in Alabama
    Fought for racial equality
    Believed in peaceful boycotts to gain equality
    King worked to remove segregation from local places and give black Americans the right to vote
  • The Charismatic Movement

    The Holiness Movement (post-civil war) → Pentecostalism → The Charismatic Movement
    Spread teachings of Holy Spirit baptism to other churches
    Gifts of tongues and healing
  • Second Vatican Council

    Almost stopped by the Cuban Missile Crisis
    Pope John XXIII gathered 2,500 participants
    Rahner and Kung were his chief theological advisors
    Little was accomplished before Pope John’s death
    Pope Paul VI was able to continue the council
  • March on Washington

    A peaceful protest lead by Martin Luther King Jr.
    King gives his iconic “I Have a Dream” speech
    1964 - Segregation is outlawed in the USA
    Blacks earned the right to vote
  • The World Council of Churches (WCC) 4th Assembly

    Debated its mission policy
    Missions = working to better society?
    Missions = saving souls for Christ?
    Agreement that missions was about both society and salvation
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

  • Lausanne Movement

  • Pope John Paul II

  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

  • Church of England votes in favor of ordaining women priests

    Anglo-Catholics were not in favor of this vote
    The decision was seen as a set-back to ecumenical discussion
    Still, half of male ministers would not take communion with women
  • The Toronto Airport Christian Fellowship

    Charismatic Christians had been predicting a revival for many years
    At the group received what they called the “toronto blessing”
    A new, more intense form of spirituality was formed

    Falling down, shaking, laughing, animal impressions
    Manifestations of the spirit
    The Toronto blessing and Alpha course promoted one another for evangelism
  • Osama bin Laden drives US armies out of Islamic lands

    Saudi Muslim leader
    Declared defensive jihad against USA to liberate Jerusalem mosque
    Believed God would reward Muslims who killed Americans and took their money
    Al-qaeda network attacks US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania - killing 224 people
  • John Paul issues We Remember

  • World Trade Center 911

  • Pope Benedict XVI

  • Pope Francis

  • Period:

    Menno Simons

  • Period:

    Kingdom of Münster

  • Period: to

    Wars of Religion/ Early Englightenment Period

  • Period: to

    Collapse of British Churches

    Attendance dropped by a quarter through the decade
    Census showed that at least three-quarters still had Christian beliefs