Angel F. 1301 Timeline Project

Timeline created by xAFlo
In History
  • 4,600 BCE

    The Olmec

    The Olmecs were the First advanced civilization in the Americas. They created the long count calendar, created the "Mesoamerican Ballgame", and created pyramids. The Olmecs also made Chocolate, introduced bloodletting and created/found the number Zero.
  • 2,000 BCE

    The Mayans

    The Mayans will continue almost everything that the Olmecs did as in Bloodletting, the "ballgame", and the Calendar. The Mayans will step up Human Sacrifices and create Hieroglyphics and the Caste System.
  • 1095

    The Crusades

    The Crusades were an army of religious knights/templars fighting for Holy Land. The Crusades were not so successful in what they did, but their Legacy they left behind was Knowledge, Military, and Trade. They would make trading routes, and would trade for Salt and Silk. When it comes to Fighting, their technology was a bit advanced with Strategic military plans, Crossbows, Maps, and Magnetic Compasses
  • 1347

    The Black Death

    The Black Death started when Black Rats on Merchant Ships brought "Oriental Rat Fleas". The fleas would travel around on cargo and would eventually spread. The Black Death would kill 40-50 percent of the Europe's population.
  • 1492

    The Colombian Exchange

    The Columbian Exchange was an Exchange of goods from the Old World to the New World. Foods like squashes, pumpkins, peanuts, bananas, grapes, and other edibles. Diseases were given from trade like Smallpox, Typhus, Measles, and Malaria. Animals such as Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, and other livestock are brought along. Plants like Tobacco are traded with in the Columbian Exchange.
  • 1562

    The Atlantic Slave Trade

    The Atlantic Slave trade was an Inter-African slave trade. It was a new source of labor for Europeans, it started to increase in the late 1600's. At the time Spain, Portugal, and Holland led the slave trade in the 1600's. But by the 1700's Britain was the largest slave trading nation.
  • Virginia (Colonization)

    Started as a Private Charter, had 105 settlers at first but only 32 survive the first winter. Setters tried to Isolate Jamestown from the Natives. John Smith was a Solider and adventurer, He will negotiate treaties with local natives. Tobacco will gradually gain popularity and will be sold to Europeans for money. The Headright System will grant 50 Acres to anyone, well to new settlers. Slavery will begin to rise because of Tobacco and hard labour, Pirates brought slaves.
  • Maryland (Colonization)

    George Calvert ( Lord Baltimore) Converted to Catholicism. He made Maryland a Religiously free colony. He named Maryland after his wife. Cecil Calvert (the "New" Lord Baltimore) Inherited his father's title and became a Proprietor. He would require settlers to have provisions (supplies to give), but he will eventually be taken over by Protestants... Catholicism will be banned. And Tobacco will become the main cash crop. Over 1 mil pounds will be exported, Labor was hard so Indentured Servants!
  • Indentured Servants

    (Began in 1650's) Indentured Servants were people that would sign a contract to work for a certain amount of time (about 4-7 years) and would be fed, clothed, and would have shelter. But it was a hard life, but it was a way to get into the New World.
  • Quakers

    Quakers were like the first missionaries that came to North America in the mid-1650's. The very first quaker in North America was Elizabeth Harris, she would visit Virginia and Maryland. Then in the early 1660's, there would be more than 50 other Quakers that would follow Harris and her beliefs. Quakers would be very much religous and would encourage Religon on conlonists.
  • Militias

    Militias are a military force that is created with regular civilians. It would be a quick way/emergency plan when there was not an army or force around. So militias can also be rebellious or be terroristic. Militias were used in the Battle of Lexington and Concord.
  • Deism

    Deism is the belief in a supreme being. Specifically, a creator that doesn't intervene in the universe. It is somewhat like a god. Deism was popular in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Royal Colony

    Mainly a colony about Private Property and business, this helped charter colonies that were struggling at the time.
  • Salem Witch Trials

    The Salem Witch Trials began when a group of girls in Salem, Massachusetts claimed to be possed by the devil and accused several women of being witches. Within seven months 150 men, women, and children were accused of witchcraft. Within 150 people, 20 of them were executed.
  • Roads during the Industrial Revolution

    When Roads were introduced in the 1730's, roads would increase the transport of good that were being created in the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Roads were like canals providing a means of direction.
  • Georgia

    Georgia was originally a penal colony that transplanted prisoners and the poor. It was named after King George II. It was a buffer colony and was based on enlightened ideas. But Georgia made some changes. Georgia started importing slaves and Envisioned as a stagining point for attack on Florida.
  • The Iron Plow

    The Iron Plow was a farming instrument that had a strong blade at the end of a beam that is hitched to a draft team or motor veichle and was used to break up soil and cut furrows to prepare for sowing.
  • Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris would be ratified for peace that would end the Revolutionary War with Great Britain. After the Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3rd, 1783. The Treaty of Paris would bring the Revolutionary War to a Final Conclusion. THose who signed the Treaty were John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson and Henry Laurens.
  • Freedom Amendments (13th, 14th, 15th)

    The 13th Amendment says that Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except if it is a punishment from a "party", should exist in the US. The 14th Amendment says that any person born or naturalized in the US are considered citizens. And the 15th Amendment says people that vote cannot be denied or abridged b the US, no matter what color, race, or condition of servitude.
  • The Cotton Gin

    The Cotton Gin could be considered as a farming instrument, as it would pick out the seeds in the cotton which would be really time-consuming using methods before it's creation. The cotton gin would make slavery go up and most of the cotton made in the US would mainly come from the South.
  • Free Black Communities

    Free Black Communities would be mainly in the North and Midwest. Since Segregation was still active in the North, Blacks would deal will discrimination and prejudice.Though they also competed for jobs with immigrants.
  • The Crank Churn

    The Crank Churn was used for butter in America. It would replace wooden dash churns, which was too simplistic. Crank Churns would then be replaced by an electric churn, which would increase butter production.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Jefferson buys Louisiana at first because he thought that Napoleon would back out the offer. But since there was no time to amend the constitution (which prohibits foreign buyers) he would by the land for 3 cents an acre. This will Secure the Mississippi River and Double the size of the nation.
  • Railroads during the Industrial Revolution

    Railroads would be the tracks to a train guiding the train from one place to the other. With railroads, goods would be able to be transferred easily and at a fast pace. And also during the Civil War, trains/railroads would be able to deploy soldiers quickly.
  • National Debt (Age of Jefferson)

    After Jefferson's Presidency ended, James Madison would inherit the Embargo Act and it would hurt the economy. But the South and the Northeast would be most affected. This policy would anger the British, so they gave the natives guns and supplies to go raid American Settlements.
  • The Embargo Act (James Madison)

    The Embargo Act would be inherited by James Madison after Jefferson's Presidency. The Embargo Act will hurt the Northeast and the South a lot. This would anger the British, so the British would supply the Natives with Guns and Supplies. Tecumseh would rise up and raid American Settlements. This would then start the begining of the War of 1812
  • Rural Immigration

    People would migrate to the North for work, leaving their homes. They would go to the North for money and a better economic opportunity. They would go there just to get paid any kind of money. Mainly they just wanted a job so they could get paid.
  • Metropolis

    A Metropolis was a large and densely populated industrial and commercial city. Metropolis' meant a "mother city" back then, but it is now considered as a urban area.
  • The Steamboat during the Industrial Revolution

    At the begging of the Industrial Revolution, the steamboat became a big hit. Steamboats would be able to be used to transfer passengers from place to place. Along with transportation of people, the steamboat would be able to transfer items though canals and other waterways.
  • The Telegraph

    The Telegraph was made by Samuel Morse in 1837, the telegraph would take a big leap into revolutionizing long-distance communication. It would work by setting off electrical signals over a wire that was put down between stations.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny is the Jacksonian Democracy for the future west. People believed it will drive Native Americans to Extinction. People will Migrate to Oregon for a New Opportunity. The Great MIgration will be an Overland Trail that would take 5 to 6 months
  • Tenements during the Industrial Revolution.

    Tenements were multi-occupancy buildings of any kind. But in the US they were considered as a runned down apartment building. So it was kind of a like a slum. Tenements would house many workers that were working in the Factories.
  • The North's Industrialization

    Industrialization was big. The north had 110,000 Factories with 1.5 billion dollars in Industry. During Industrialization, 97 percent of the weapons came from the North, along with 94 percent of clothing, and 90 percent of shoes and boots.
  • Jobs for Former Slaves

    Many Former Slaves would flock to the cities because they had low paying labors, but their Jobs would be mainly in the Factories or in Construction. Although they found a job, their specific job will be harsh and intensive.
  • The 1st Bull Run (1st Manassas)

    This was the first battle in Virginia, where it was the Union army versus the Confederate army. The Confederate army would flank the Union twice (the left and right). There will be 4700 total casualties from both armies, and the Confederate will take the Victory.
  • Army of Potomac

    This was the Union's trained forces that were organized by General George B. McClellan. The Army of Potomac guarded Washington D.C, fought against the Confederate invasion across the Potomac and fought in battles towards the eastern sector during the Civil war.
  • The Trent Affair

    The Confederate would send Diplomats to Europe, the USS San Jacinto would intercept RMS Trent. Britain would demand an apology for running into them. So Lincoln would release Confederate diplomats along with US diplomats to secure and stay Neutral with both the British and the French.
  • Southern Problems

    The South's Twenty Negro Law was a law that didn't draft Southerners (mainly rich southerners) to the war because they owned more than 20 slaves. The south started to draft their own people into the war and would start making taxes.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    This battle was between The Confederate army against the Union. General Robert E. Lee would lead the Confederate and General George McClellan's will lead the Union. This battle was trying to get Robert E. Lee to invade the North. The Confederate army will win the battle. Also, this will be one of the deadliest one-day battles in American History.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Ambrose Burnside will order more than 120,000 troops to cross the Rappahannock River and make two attacks on the Right and Left Flanks of the Army of Northern Virginia at Fredericksburg. Lee would fight back and will have about 13,000 of his men die. Robert E. Lee and his army will plummet needing more new energy, this will be another cause of the failure of North Antietam.
  • The Lost Cause

    Southerners thought that their society was virtuous and braver than the North. The union had an "unfair" advantage with more weapons, population, and industrialization. Statues would be made for politicians and generals. Also, this propaganda tried to re-write history trying to say that it was about States's Rights and not slavery. Songs and poems would be about how the Confederate Soliders were brave.
  • Lincoln's 10% Plan

    Lincoln's 10% Plan as a bill that said that a southern state could join the Union if 50% of the voters swore an oath of allegiance to the United States. This was an idea for Reconstruction.
  • Wade-Davis Bill

    The Wade-Davis Bill will Punish Confederate leaders, Destroy Slave Society and would declare an oath never aided the Confederacy. It would also strip officers from their citizenship. States will be readmitted after the long punishment and clear commitment to the Union.
  • "40 Acres and a Mule"

    Since planters abandoned land because the Union forces took their land. Former Slaves were allowed to rent land so they could farm, also a mule was included. Former Slaves found this as independence and freedom. But the land will be eventually redistributed to their white owners.
  • Appomattox Courthouse

    The Siege at Petersburg/Richmond staved Lee's army and forced him to retreat. Lee would surrender on April 9th, 1865. All of the Confederate forces would surrender towards late June. The Civil War would be the War with the most American Casualties with 650,000 Americans dead.
  • The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    As President Lincoln was watching a play called "Our American Cousins" at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C, he was shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth while he watched the play. Lincoln died the same day at 7:22 am at the Petersen House which was at the opposite of the theatre. he was the first American President to be assassinated. The conspiracy of the assassination was that Booth tried to revive the Confederate.
  • Southern Republicans

    Southern Republican Governments built public improvements.Deficits were built up and bribery was common. Former Slaves made up about 80 percent of the Southern Party. Also, Scalawags and Carpetbaggers were also considered to be Southern Republicans.
  • Education for Former Slaves

    Former Slaves would be able to read and write (since slaves weren't able to be taught much). Education would take place in the rural South, but Former Slaves would be faced with resistance by Southern Whites.
  • Corruption in The South

    Southern Republican governments built a lot of public improvement but Deficits built up and bribery started. But the Corruption began to get worse. "Boss Tweed" stole more than 20 million dollars in the early 1870's.
  • Election of 1868

    Ulysses S. Grant was a Republican who was a politician for moderation a peace. Horatio Seymour was a Democrat. But this election showed that Black votes were very much important. Blacks were then intimidated by violence to keep them from voting.
  • Economic Boom

    Big time Industrialization occurred during the Economic Boom which led to Urbanization and a lot of new Railroads. The Economic Boom also cut taxes, and it made spending less on social programs and public education.
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    Conquest of the Aztecs

    -Herman Cortez would speak tales of gold, getting people's attention. He would convince people to go Cuba and once he got there to Cuba he burns all but one ship. He would ally with the Enemies of the Aztec. The Aztecs gave gold, and they would get their Emperor captured, Emperor Montezuma. The Spanish will have an Advantage will Weapons, Horses, and disease (to kill off the others).
    - Francisco Pizarro would conquest the Inca Empire, kinda like how Herman did. And the Incas eventually decline.
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    Locations of the Chesapeake Colonies

    Usually, near the coast or waterways, they would be cheaper. Settlements just broke out, so they needed more land. But this would increase more conflicts with the natives.
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    John Locke

    John Locke was an English Philosopher, physician, and a political theorist that was widely regarded as a very influential "Thinker " during the Enlightenment. He was commonly known as the Father of Liberalism. He made foundational contributions to the now modern theories of limited, liberal government.
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    Sir Isaac Newton

    Sir Isaac Newton was a mathematician, astronomer, theologian, and physicist. He was well known and recognized as an outstanding and influential scientist. He became a key figure in the scientific revolution. He developed theories on light, calculus, and celestial mechanics.
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    Nathaniel Bacon

    Nathaniel Bacon was a Virginia Colonist and a rebel. Bacon would start Bacon's Rebellion of 1676. He would start his rebellion because Governor William Berkely refused to take action on the continues Native attacks on the frontier settlements. Though settlers were eager to attack the Native Americans Governor Berkely would deny permission. So Bacon would go and rebel. On the Night of his rebellion he would die from Dystenery.
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    Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin was a Founding Father of the United States. Benjamin Franklin was a renowned polymath and a leading printer, author, and a political theorist. Benjamin Franklin was also a politician, postman, and freemason.
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    Adam Smith

    Adam Smith was a Scottish philosopher, economist, moral philosopher, and author. He became a key figure during the Scottish enlightenment era as a pioneer of political economy. He was renowned as the father of modern economics and was a major proponent of economic policies.
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    George Washington

    Before George Washington would be the notorious first president of the United States, George Washington would be a General and would command the Continental Army in the American Revolution. Afterwards, he would run for president and he would become a "god-like' figure. The Majority of the Votes would go to Washington. John Adams would be second place, but he would be VP.
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    Canals during the Industrial Revolution

    Canals were man-made rivers that would be able to help support almost 40 tons of weight. Canals would be very much essential during the Industrial Revolution because it would be able to help transport very heavy objects or resources from long distances.
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    George Washington during the Seven Year War

    When George Washington was a soldier in the Seven-year war. He would have the Role as a Major in the Militia in the Province of Virginia. He would be looked up to by many of his people, then he would be called the "Father of his Country".
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    Tecumseh was a Native American Shawnee warrior and chief. Tecumseh was also a primary leader of a large, confederacy tribe in the 19th Century. Tecumseh will fight in the War of 1812, because Britain and France will give his men weapons and supplies to raid American settlements because of the Embargo Act.
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    Smaller Governments

    With smaller governments, states would have to defend their own liberty. This would encourage agriculture and would embrace more political conflict. Along with more political dialogue.
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    Andrew Johnson

    Andrew Johnson was a Tennessee Governor, where he would try to promote his populist views. But this made his experience frustrating when the governors' constitutional powers were limited. Andrew Johnson was looked upon as a Rigid, Dictorial racist, who didn't care or accept a political reality with odds on his own ideas.
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    Samuel J. Tilden

    Samuel Tilden was the Democratic candidate for president during the Election of 1876. As Tilden was running for President he won the popular vote, but Rutherford Hayes would be elected because of the Electoral College Vote. Though he did not get elected president he was the 25th Governor of New York.
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    Slums during the Industrial Revolution

    People would go to the cities for work, but wouldn't get paid as much so this would mean that the "boss" could pay really low wages. In the slums, there would be segregated neighborhoods.
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    Clara Barton

    Clara was an Educator, Nurse and was the founder of American Red Cross. She was born in Oxford, Massachusetts and she spent most of her life serving others and eventually made the American Red Cross. During the Civil War, she helped the soldiers At the Battle of Fredericksburg and Antietam. She was "the angel of the battlefield".
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    John Wilkes Booth

    John Wilkes Booth was an Actor who murdered/ assassinated President Abraham Lincoln. Booth was a well-known actor, and he was a Confederate sympathizer. He strongly disagreed with the abolition of slavery in the United States. After the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, the Union tracked him down and killed him.
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    Teachers during the Civil War

    In the 1860's teachers would mainly follow their own practices rather than the "board's policies". Since the agricultural economy in both the north and the south, children would be excused from school to work in the fields. There weren't many holidays or breaks during school as well.
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    Union Blockade

    The Union Blockade will begin a couple of weeks after the start of the Civil War. The way the Union will block the South is with The Anaconda Plan. this plan will keep foreign countries from shipping supplies to the Confederates. The Union stopped the south by letting the Union Navy have 500 Ships patrol the east coast to Virginia. This will successfully stop about 80% of trades with the Confederate, so the Union took the Victory here.
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    Border Slave States

    Border Slave States were slaves states that didn't declare a secession from the Union and didn't join the Confederacy... So they were Neutral. Out of the 34 states, 19 were free states and 15 were slave states. Delaware, Maryland, Kentuck, and Missouri were 4 slave states that didn't declare secession. Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia were kind of like border states.
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    Freedmen's Movement

    The Freedmen's Movement was when former slaves wandered about trying to look for their long-lost loved ones. They would travel all over just to find their Wives, Husbands, or Children.
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    Plantations (Women in the Civil War)

    Since a lot of men were drafted into the war, and no one was there to watch their plantations. Women would step in and run the plantations. So when men and other people of higher power saw Women doing this act they would eventually let women do men's tasks.
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    Nurses (Women during the Civil War)

    After what Clara Barton did during the war, women started to follow what she did. Because what Clara did Politicians and Governers allowed women to be Nurses. This was the time that women started to take over jobs that men used to do.
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    The South (Before the Civil War)

    The South's Population before the Civil war was 5.5 MIllion, with 3.5 million Slaves, Still running short compared to the North. industrialization in the South would have 18,000 Factories, $155 Million in Industry with only 3% of weapon manufacturing. Railroads would only expand to only 9,000 miles. And the Military Leadership back then would have a decent amount of military leaders.
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    Battle of Fort Sumter

    The Battle of Fort Sumter was near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate's States Army. This is what started the Civil War. This battle lasted for two days. The Confederates would beat the Union by Capturing Fort Sumter, which the Confederate Army would bombard Fort Sumter, but this would then start the Civil War.
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    Army of Northern Virginia

    This was the Confederate States Army that was led by Robert E. Lee during the American Civil War. This Army was arrayed against the Union's Army of the Potomac.
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    Peninsula Campaign

    This was a Union offense against the Confederate's capital Richmond. The first stage of the Peninsula Campaign ended in the Battle of Seven Pines. General Joseph Johnston was injured and his command was given to Robert E. Lee. Since Lee was in charge, his army held off against the Army of Potomac with alot of engagements, which is now known as the Seven Days' Battle. This would very well end McClellan's campaign toward Richmond.
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    Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh had taken place in Hardin County, Tennessee. The Battle of Shiloh was also called the Battle of Pitsburg. It was a Major battle at the Western Theatre. The Union would take the Victory this time and the Battle of Shiloh would have 23,746 casualties from both sides.
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    The Second Bull Run (2nd Manassas)

    Robert E. Lee would take his army (the Confederate Army) to Washington DC and threaten before the Union could make a plan. "Stonewall" Jackson will burn the Federal supply depot in Manassas Junction August 27th and he would wait for the Union army to arrive. John Pope will lead the Union Army to battle. After fighting for about two days and having 22,000 casualties the Confederate army will win.
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    Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation began when the Civil War started. Lincoln knew that there were about 1,000 slaves fled to join the Invading Northern armies. Lincoln at the time, thought that abolition of slavery had become a type of military strategy. While at the same time the right thing to do. After the Battle of Antietam Lincoln introduced Emancipation Proclamation. So all slaves in the "rebellious states" were forever free. But since it didn't free not even a single slave, it was a turning point.
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    Slaves Flee to the North

    Slaves started to be more confident in running away from the South because of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. When slaves heard about Emancipation Proclamation, they started to get up and start heading North where they could have a chance to be free.
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    Ford's Theatre

    At first, the area Ford Theatre was used as a place of worship. But it was later renovated into a theatre. The play Our American Cousin was played at Ford's Theatre and at the time that is when President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
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    Siege of Vicksburg

    The Siege of Vicksburg will take place in Vicksburg, Mississippi. This Battle/Seige will be between the Union and Confederate armies. The Union will have the upper hand with 75,000 soldiers while the Confederate will have 34,000 soldiers. The Union will kill 3,300 Confederate soldiers along with 30,000 captured. The Union would have 4,800 casualties and will win the battle.
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    Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg would last 3 days, it would be the turning point that would favor the Union. The Battle of Gettysburg will be the most important and bloodiest battle of the Civil War.
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    Siege of Richmond/Petersburg

    The Richmond Campaign were a lot of battle that took place around Petersburg, Virginia during the Civil War. The armies that were involved in the Siege of Richmond were the Army of Potomac (the Confederacy) and the Army of the James (the Union). The General's involved in this war was General Ulysses S. Grant and General Robert E. Lee. Uylsses will unsuccessfully assualt Petersburg.
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    Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea would get the Union to take Atlanta making the South into thirds. He would destroy everything from Buildings to Stores in his path. This would make civilians pitch in with the destruction as well.
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    Black Codes/Vagrancy

    Black codes were the Southern state's limit on civil rights an economic opportunity for African Americans. This created an Exploitable workforce, Outlawed Interacial marriage, and Outlawed serving on Juries. Also, Vagrancy broke out and this meant that African Americans can be arrested for just wandering around and not having somewhere to stay. African Americans would be forced to work on plantations so they could pay off their fines.
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    Carpetbaggers are Northerners who moved to the South during the Reconstruction (After the Civil War). Carpetbaggers wanted to profit from the Reconstruction. So that is why they would move from the North to the South to make easy money.
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    Scalawags were whites that were considered traitors by other Southerners. They would get money manipulating black voters. Scalawags would come from very poor regions of the South. This was one of the Quickest ways for Economic Improvement.
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    Freedmen's Bureau

    The Freedmen's Bureau was a Relief agency in the South. Since the south was ripped apart in war, the Freedmen's Bureau will provide, food, education, land, and emergency services. This was the main institution during the Reconstruction.
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    Lincoln's Tomb

    Lincoln's Tomb was the resting place of Abraham Lincoln. The tomb was made out of granite, and it was one of the first National Historic Landmarks. It was a landmark because it had a statue of him standing on top of his burial ground.
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    The South would have 6% of the national industrialization (which isn't much). Rice, Tobacco, Sugar, and cotton was mainly what the South would make. Cotton prices would drop drastically because of Overproduction. This would mean that some people had to quit their farms to become tenant farmers. They would pay rent by giving the owner of the land 1/3 to 1/2 of their harvesting. 70% of the people in the South lived like this until 1990.
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    Panic of 1873

    This would set the booming economy until 1877, African Americans would become less important because of the panic. Democrats would vote in office in 1874. Ulysses S. Grant reduces efforts in policing the South.
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    Compromise of 1877

    Rutherford Hayes will be given all of the electoral votes, Hayes also agreed to end Reconstruction. Hayes will remove federal troops from the South. Jim Crow would then be the creator of the "Jim Crow Laws". Jim Crow would be known for the "Whites Only" and "Colored" signs. These would be placed at Schools, parks, libraries, water fountatins, restrooms, buses, trainstops, and many other places.
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    Rutherford B. Hayes

    Born on October 4th, 1822 in Delaware, Rutherford Hayes was the 19th President of the United States from 1877-1881, he was a canidate for the Republican party. He got elected not by popular vote, but by Electoral College Vote. He thought that his Presidency was going to end in the Reconstruction Era through the Compromise of 1877. His Term lasted from March 4th, 1877 to March 4th, 1881. Hayes died on January 17th, 1893.
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    Foreign Immigration

    During the Industrial Revolution, many immigrants would flock for economic opportunities or because their old country was starting to fall apart. The Irish would come because of the Potato famine, Germans would come because of Poor Harvests' and political reasons, Scandinavians and the British would come for Economic Opportunities.