2017NoahKaney Dalat World History

Timeline created by WhiteMunsterK
  • 7,000 BCE

    3.1-Mesopotamia- hunter gatherers started farming

    The Mesopotamians started farming and irrigating so they produced food surpluses, which allowed them to take up other carreers
  • 3,500 BCE

    3.2-Fertile Crescent, Rise of the city states of Sumer

    Around 3500 BC, Sumerian city states have become more and more powerful over the Fertile Crescent and fought over farm land and territory.
  • 3,300 BCE

    3.3-City states or Sumer, Invention of cuneiform

    Around 3300 BC, sumerians invented the first form of writing, cuneiform, making marks in wet clay with wedge shaped reeds.
  • 3,300 BCE

    4.4-Fertile Nile Valley, Egyptian achievments

    The Egyptians made a writing system called hieroglyphics. Historians had trouble reading them until they discovered the Rosetta Stone. They also made many temples and statues, including sphinxes and statues of gods.
  • 3,200 BCE

    4.1-Nile Valley, Rise of civilizations.

    The Fertile Nile Valley began to be a home to many villages as they learned how to irrigate. The Nile flooding made it hard to keep a pernament home there.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.2-Lower Egypt, Egypt is united

    King Menes of upper Egypt wanted to unify upper and lower Egypt. Menes united the kingdoms by marrying a lower- Egyptian princess.
  • 2,300 BCE

    3.2-Fertile Crescent, rise of the Akkadians.

    In 2300, the growing Kkadian empire led by Sargon, expanded its territory into the area of Sumer, and defeated all of the city states of Sumer.
  • 2,300 BCE

    5.1-Indus River, Early Indians

    The Indians that developed around the Indus River had 2 major cities, Harappa and Mohenjo Daro. They were developed and had streets, walls, guards, and armies. They also learned to make bathrooms, tools, and speak in Sanskrit.
  • 2,200 BCE

    3.3-City-States Advances in technology

    Not only did the Sumerians invent writing, but they invented the wheel, which led to carts and wagons. The Sumerians also invented the plow, which was a huge farming advance. They also learned to use metals and build sewers.
  • 2,200 BCE

    4.2-Egypt, The Old Kingdom and the afterlife

    The people from the Old Kingdom were very serious about their afterlife. They had a process called embalming where they removed the body's internal organs from the body. Then the process called mummification took place and they dried the body with salt, then wrapped it in cloth. They believed these would make the dead people have a good afterlife.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1- China-China's first Dynasties

    After farms escalated into villages, then cities, around 2200 BC, China was ruled by kings. One of them, Yu the Great started the Xia dynasty. It was said that Yu made flooding a much smaller issue by making water ways to the ocean. The second dynasty was the Shang dynasty, started around 1500 BC. The Shang dynasty made writing advancements.
  • 2,050 BCE

    4.3-Fertile Valley, Middle Kingdom

    After nobles began to challenge the Pharaoh, it was chaotic until Pharaoh Menthotep II came and restored order. He started the Middle Kingdom, or a time of order that lasted until 1750 BC.
  • 1,792 BCE

    3.4-Babylon, Hammurabi rose to power

    Hammurabi rose to power and developed a set of laws called Hammurabis code, a set of 282 laws that need to be followed. Babylon became very successful because Hammurabi was a good war leader.
  • 1,600 BCE

    8.1- Early Greeks

    Some of the earliest Greeks consist of the Mycenaeans and the Minoans. The Minoans were great sailors and got wealthy by trading. They made the finest boats of Ancient Greece. Although they lived in Greece, they weren't considered to be Greeks, because they didn't speak Greek. The Mycenaeans were Greek, and they went around the Greek mainland building strongholds and fortresses.
  • 1,550 BCE

    4.3-Fertile Valley, start of the New Kingdom

    Egypt reached its peak of glory when Ahmose rose to power in 1550 BC. Egyptians took control of the invasion routes, and took over many surrounding areas. This caused them to become rich and wealthy.
  • 1,500 BCE

    4.5-Fertile Nile Valley, Kush rule

    Kush was in Nubia, and Nubia was right along the Nile river. Kush and Egypt were close to each other and lived peacefully until Egypt got scared and attacked Kush. They conquered Kush, and Egyptian culture influenced Kushite culture.
  • 1,250 BCE

    5.2-Indus River, Origins of Hinduism, 1250 BC

    In the Aryan society they developed a system called the caste system where it is believed that there is a hierchy with Brahmins at the top, then Kshatriyas, then vaisyas, then Sudras at the bottom. They believed that you can only eat, live, and marry people from your own caste. You also cannot change your caste. If you were in a bad cast, it's because you did bad things in your last life.
  • 1,100 BCE

    6.2- China-The Zhou dynasty

    The Zhou dynasty is established in 1100 BC, kings with the mandate from heaven. After rebellion against the kings authority in 771 BC, invaders finally counquered the capital. Towards the end of the Zhou dynasty, a wise man named Confucius told his ideas about how they could restore China. His ideas later became known as Confucianism. Other ideas such as Legalism and Daoism became known.
  • -800 BCE

    8.3- Mythology and Literature

    The Greeks came up with myths to explain why weather and seasons happened. The Greeks also were skilled at writing. They wrote Epic Poetry, Fables, and Lyric Poetry. There were famous writers such as Aesop, Homer, and Sappho.
  • -753 BCE

    10.1- Geography and the Beggining of Rome

    Italy is a fairly mountainous region and has many hills. Near the oceans there are usually many plains that people developed. Roman legend says that two twin brothers were put in a basket and floated down a river until a wolf came and rescued them. The wolf nursed them back to life until a Shepherd came and adopted them. Those twins built a city called Rome where the molf had rescued them.
  • -670 BCE

    4.5-Fertile Nile Valley, Kush

    After Egyptian rule fell, Kush started mining iron and became very wealthy through it. They exported goods to become rich. Women had a big play in leadership like famous Queen Shanakhdakheto.
  • -600 BCE

    5.3-Indus River, Buhhdism develops, 600 BC

    Buhhdism developed off of religious texts, the Vedas. Buhhdists believed that your karma decided if you were good or not. Buhhdism later created religions Jainism and Sikhism. Jainism is a religion based off of peacefulness. Sikhism followers believed in only 1 god, and to be reunited with god after death, but they also believed in reincarnation.
  • -600 BCE

    5.2-Indus River, Buhhdism develops, 600 BC

    Buhhdism began to develop off the teachings of the Vedas, or religious writings. They believed that your karma determined whether you were good or bad. Jainism and Sikhism came off of Buhhdism. Jainism is a religion that is based off of being peaceful. Jains also believed in reincarnation. Sikhism followers believe in 1 god who you can reunite with after death. They also believed in reincarnation.
  • -600 BCE

    8.2- Ancient Greek government

    The biggest city at the time was Athens. The Athenians had a scpecific type of government called democracy. Democracy is when the citizens of the city vote on different causes that impact their city.
    Other governments at that time were oligarchy and tyranny. Oligarchy is when they have a few rich people ruleing everything, and tyranny is when there is one person who rules everything by force.
  • -550 BCE

    9.1 Greece and Persia

    Persia was a land above the Persian Gulf led by Cyrus the Great, who conquered many places around Persia. Later, a leader called Darius tried to conquer Greece but failed. His son, Xerxes tried again in 480 BC but failed and the Persian empire crumbled.
  • -500 BCE

    9.4- Greek Achievements

    The Greek people had many achievements. They had famous philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. They Started doing plays and dramas with actors and playwrights. They also learned about geometry and medicine. The paintings and sculptures were incredibly realistic. They also started the architectural idea of surrounding a building with columns.
  • -421 BCE

    9.2- Sparta and Athens

    Sparta and Athens were similar to the fact that they both had a strong army and didn't give women many rights. However, The Athenians focused on training the mind as well as the body, while the Spartans focused on loyalty and strength. Sparta declared war in 431 BC, but after 10 years, they declared a truce. Later, Athens tried to conquer Sicily, and they failed. Sparta then took over Athens.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2- Roman Government and Society

    The main Roman leaders were the 2 Consuls, who were elected by the people to rule for only one year. The second was the Senate, who advised the Consuls and ruled for their entire life. The third was the assembly and tribunes. The assembly’s main job was to elect the Consuls. The tribunes represented the common people.
    All of these three groups could veto each other. They also had written laws, which were posted in the Forum, which was like the public meeting place for everything.
  • -334 BCE

    9.3- Alexander the Great

    The Macedonian leader Phillip ll conquered Greece. Phillip's son Alexander took over the thrown, planning to conquer the entire world. Alexander started conquering all through from Macedonia, all the way to the Indus Valley, conquering Egypt, too. He spread Greek culture while he conquered. He stopped after the Indus Valley because his soldiers were exhausted. On his way home, when he stopped in Babylon, he got sick and died at the age of 33.
  • -320 BCE

    Indus River, famous rule

    One of the first empires was the Mauryan empire. It was led by Chandragupta Maurya. He had a complex government and thousands of spies and war elephants. Another leader was Asoka.
    He was Chandraguptas grandson. Asoka put the mauryan rule in its highest fame and then converted to Buhhdism, he didn't attack anyone anymore, and he built roads and wells for his people. After Asoka died, the empire fell apart.
  • -320 BCE

    Indus River, Indian achievments

    Indian achievments achieved a lot. They learned how to inoculate, which fought off diseases. They were good matelwprkers, and made alloys, a mixture of 2 or more metals. They had a good writing system that is still used today. Indians also started to study the science of the stars and planets, or astronomy.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3-China-The Qin dynasty

    Emperor Shi Huangdi established a harsh government and strong armies that eventually united China. SHI huangdi finished the Great Wall and built a large tomb with a Terracotta Army.
  • -218 BCE

    10.3-The Late Republic

    Many of Rome’s surrounding enemies saw them as a threat and tried to conquer them. Rome fended them off, and survived. The city of Carthage saw Rome as a threat and launched a attack on them. Instead of taking the coastal approach, the leader Hannibal, led his army around the land all the way around to Italy from the back. Hannibal failed and later went to attack Carthage and won. Later, many leader were killed by the government and a slave called Spartacus led many slaves to freedom.
  • -206 BCE

    6.4-The Han Dynasty

    Lou Bang took control after the Qin dynasty fell, and started the Han dynasty. He was the first emperor who was a peasant, and he believed in family life and the ideas of Confucius. Later, Wudi came to power and made many art and technological advances.
  • -100 BCE

    6.5- Han contacts other cultures

    The Silk Road made a major impact about how cultures spread to China. The Silk Road connected China with the rest of Asia. China produced and marketed Silk to Asia through the Silk Road and became wealthy. The Silk Road also brought along Buhhdism with it, and Buhhdism spread throughout China.
  • -70 BCE

    11.1-From Republic to Empire.

    In 70 BC, generals started using war to gain power. One of the great leaders was Julius Caesar, who successfully lead Rome until, 44 BC, when a bunch of senators murdered him. The next two leaders who wanted power were Marc Antony and Octavian. Antony died, and Octavian became king, and called Augustus. For the next 200 years, the Roman Empire would expand and be peaceful. These times were called Pax Romana, or peace. Rome later became advanced in architecture and literature.
  • 300

    11.2-Rome and Christianity

    The Romans didn’t like the Jews, so a leader named Hadrian decided to destroy Jerusalem. Then Christianity came along, and Christians believed that a Messiah, or God’s anointed one would come. He did, as a baby and grew up in Nazareth. He grew up and started teaching about religion. Many people didn’t like him, and he was arrested. Later, he was crucified, but resurrected 3 days later. Christianity spread, and in 300 AD, Emporer Constantine became a Christian.
  • 300

    11.3- The End of the Roman Empire.

    One problem was that the Roman Empire was that it was too big and they couldn’t protect it all. A leader named Diocletian came and united with Constantine to protect Rome, and it split to a west Rome and East Rome. Later, many other civilizations such as the Huns, attacked Rome in many places, so the west Rome fell. Meanwhile, the East Roman Empire was prospering. Later, Constantine wanted to flee because of rioting, but didn’t. Later, the East Roman Empire was called the Byzantine society.
  • 563

    5.3-Buhhdism, Siddhartha Gautama

    A man named Siddhartha Gautama was born in 563 and not satisfied with his Hindu beliefs. He went out for a search for his answers. He realized there was suffering everywhere. He went to meditate under a tree and came up with his answers. He believed your could reach nirvana, a stage of total peace by following the eight-fold path. Siddhartha was then known as the Buhhda, or the enlightened one. He began to preach his beliefs and later founded Buhhdism.
  • 570

    12.1- Islamic Roots

    Arabia had a lot of deserts, and traders went around trading. A man named Muhammad was a son of a caravan trader. He grew up then lived in Mecca. He went to meditate in a cave once, and an angel talked to him. He made a new religion, called Islam. Muhhamah continued to receive messages from god throughout his life. Muhammad had many points in his teachings, such as he urges people to give to the poor. Islam’s sacred book is the Qur’an, which tells what god said to Muhhamud.
  • 570

    12.2- Islamic Beliefs

    Muhhamud died, and his followers carried on his work. They studied the Qur’an, which explains how Muslims should live. It also says what Allah told Muhhamud. They also study the jihad and Sunnah. Islam has five basic things Muslims should do. They are: Believe that Allah is god, and Muhhamud is his prophet; give to the poor; pray five times a day; fast during the month of Ramadan; and travel to Mecca in their life, if they are able to.
  • 600

    12.3- Islamic Empires

    After Muhhamud died, his followers chose Abu Bakr to be their caliph, or leader. Abu Bakr united Arabia as a Muslim state.Islam was spreading, and it was spreading because of trade. Their were three main Islamic empires, the Ottoman, the Safavid, and the Mughal. The Ottoman defeated the Byzantine empire in Europe. The Safavid empire came into conflict about who could become caliph, and founded a belief called Shiism. The Mughals were in India and let their conquered people have their beliefs.
  • 800

    12.4- Islamic Achievments

    Muslims took Science and Literature seriously. They studied astronomy, geography, philosophy, medicine, and math. They also had a unique art style, where they don’t show humans or animals. Their architecture was beutiful, and they loved poetry and story’s.
  • USA Noah was born

    A party was thrown on October 7, 2004 in Nashville, TN. This was a important moment for everybody.
  • Modern day connection, Modern Day

    One example of a modern day connection is how Hammurabis code is very similar to the system of laws we have now. I believe that Hammurabis code helped inspire the modern day government.
  • Current Day, Government

    Hammurabi's code has inspired the government system we have today. The way that Hammurabi's code has a written law and people are forced to follow it is the exact same system we use today.
  • Modern Day Connection, Kings and Monarchy

    The way that ancient Egyptians used their government by having kings or Pharaohs is very similar to the way Malaysia has their government set up nowadays. They have a king who rules over everyone, and they have all the government power, just like the pharaohs back in Egyptian times.
  • Modern Day, Religion in India

    The way that religion was taken very seriously back in India was similar as to how it is taken very seriously nowadays to. Just like they took the caste system seriously and respected that they couldn't change it is like how today people respect their religions and follow them.
  • 6- Modern Day Connection Invention of Sundial

    The clever way to tell time called a sundial was invented by the Chinese has impacted today a lot. We wouldn't have clocks, watches or even a timer. The sundial brought a whole new level of technology to the world.
  • Chapter 8 MD connection.

    Greek mythology had a large impact on the English language. There are many expressions and words that come from mythology such as an Achilles heel or if something is tantalizingly close. Both of those came from the Greek myths.
  • Chapter 9- MD connection

    The Greek people influenced us in their beautiful architecture such as the Parthenon. There are many modern buildings that have the design using the columns with it such as the White House.
  • Chapter 10- MD Connection

    The Romans had a very effective government system. They had ths ideas of electing leaders, but them not having full power. America’s government is very similar to that of which the Romans did. They both have 3 branches that have to get each other’s permission before they can do things.
  • Modern Day Connection- Chapter 11

    The Romans who made roads going across Rome had a major impact in today's world. They have inspired highways and interstates that millions of people use today.
  • Chapter 12- Modern Day Connection

    The middle eastern number system is the one we currently use today. The Muslims were the ones who mixed the Indian system and the Greek system. We get our numbers today from them.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    3.4-Early Fertile Crescent People

    The early Fertile Crescent People include the. Sumerians ,Asyrians, Babylonians, Hittites and Kassitites, Phoenicians.
  • Period:
    7,000 BCE
    to
    200

    Ch. 6, Ancient China Civilization

    The early Chinese civilizations began around 7000 BC when farmers grew rice along China's rivers. Now, China has escalated into a major part of today's civilization.
  • Period:
    3,200 BCE
    to
    300

    Ancient Egypt, Nile valley.

    Old kingdom, 2700-2200BC. The Middle Kingdom, 2050-1600BC. The New Kingdom, 1550-1050 BC.
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    320

    Indus River, Indian people

    Indian people were beginning to become developed around the Indus River. They had 2 major cities, Harappa and Mohenjo Daro.
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    -146 BCE

    Chapter 8- Ancient Greece

    The Ancient Greeks were a very important part of the present world.
  • Period:
    -800 BCE
    to
    -88 BCE

    Chapter 10- The Roman Repuclic

    The Romans played a big part in the Ancient world.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to
    -150 BCE

    Chapter 9- The Greek World

    The Greeks had a major impact on today's people.
  • Period:
    -70 BCE
    to
    1543

    Chapter 11- Rome and Christianity

    Religion had a big impact on Rome
  • Period:
    570
    to

    Chapter 12- The Islamic World

    The Islamic World had a big impact on the world a long time ago.