World War ll

Timeline created by katherineo_O
In History
  • Evian Conference

    Politically:
    International conference discussing the future action of the Jewish refugees from Europe. All countries agreed not to take action in helping the Jews escape, and eventually led them to be subjects of Hitler's Final Solution.
  • Cash and Carry Act

    Economically:
    The US policy created by FDR under the Neutrality Act, allowing countries to purchase weapons and war materials from the US, provided that they were paid in cash and transported in the purchasers own ships. The policy brought economic prosperity in the country as well as keep the US policy of of being neutral in the war.
  • British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

    Politically:
    Agreement between Canada, Britain, Austrailia, and New Zealand that called for the country of Canada to train thousands of soldiers for air crews. The political order demonstrated Canada's involvement in World War ll to the early war effort; as well as helping in the air war of 1939-1945.
  • Two-Ocean Naval Expansion Act

    Politically:
    The US order that allowed for expansion of the navy and airforce, seeking to ensure national security in the Pacific and North Atlantic. The order allowed for the US Navy to be prepared in the case of war.
  • Selective Training and Service Act

    Politically:
    US peactime draft, ordered by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, of men to register for the army. This was the first time the US accomplished such a task and allowed for them to have a prepared army for the war.
  • Great Northern Migration

    Socially:
    Migration of African Americans to the north in search of jobs in factories. The significance of the event was the fact that racism and segregation continued to exist, and violence began to arise against the ethnic group. Many ended up living in urban ghettos.
  • United Service Organizations

    Socially:
    Government provision of recreational services to the soldiers in the armed forces; many used the services for religious study, entertainment, etc. The significance of the event demonstrated the social satisfaction of the soldiers before they departed to war.
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Economically:
    The US policy, created by FDR, that lended or leased war supplies to any nation whose security was vital to the defense of the US. It was significant because the United States profited from the policy as well as helped Great Britain while remaining officially neutral.
  • War Bond Sales

    Economically:
    Government sales of war bonds to Americans to fund the government projects and the war. The significance of the event was that it lowered inflation, created a boost in jobs and wages, and supported the troops in the war.
  • Executive Order 8802

    Economically:
    FDR's Presidential order of prohibiting racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It allowed for an increase in labor production, resulting in economic prosperity.
  • Japanese Oil Embargo

    Economically:
    The refusal to ship oil and steel to Japan because of their aggressive expansion in the Pacific. It was significant because the embargo casued a disruption in the Japanese economy and was thus greatly needed. This eventually resulted of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Atlantic Charter

    Politically:
    US policy/agreement that defined the end of WWll for the Allied powers. It was significant because Great Britain and the United States drafted the goals of freedom and welfare of the countries, while the US remained neutral.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Militarily:
    The attack on Pearl harbor was done by the Japanese on the US naval fleet destroying most of the air craft carriers and ships on the island. It was purposely done to the the US oil embargo done upon the Japanese as well as the threat of the naval fleet to the country of Japan. The attack led the US to end it's neutrality view on the war, and join the Allied Powers.
  • Rosie the Riveter

    Socially:
    The propaganda poster of Rosie, the iconic figure for all women to work in the defense industries. The significance of the propaganda was huge change in the social role of women being in the homes to working in factories.
  • Inter-American Conference

    Politically:
    Conference where the republics met in Rio de Janeiro to unite the American republics in coordinate policies in defense of the Allied powers. The significance of the event created the break off of relations with the Axis powers, with the exception of Chile and Argentina.
  • War Production Board

    Economically:
    President Roosevelt's establishment of a board that re-directs raw materials and resources from the production of civilian consumer goods to the production of materials needed for waging war against Germany and Japan.The significance allowed for the US economy to switch from peactime to wartime quickly and efficiently.
  • Double-V Campaign

    Socially:
    African American battle against the discrimination they faced at home and work. The significance of the event showed African American attempts for civil rights as well as the racial tensions that existed for that group.
  • Korematsu vs. United States

    Socially:
    Court case where the Supreme Court ruled that the government internement of Japanese Americans was not unlawful because of military necessity. The case was significant because it demonstrated society's attempt to challenge the government in standing up for the people's civil rights.
  • Executive Order 9066

    Socially:
    President Roosevelts ordering of all Japanese Americans away from military facilities, forced by the US military and placing them in internment camps. The internment of the Japanese caused a social problem of ethnic culture in the American society.
  • Office of Price Administration Rationing

    Economically:
    OPA system created to ration out the ammount of goods the public received, keeping most of the common goods for the soldiers in the war. The significance of the event lessened inflation in the country as well as demonstrated the public sacrifice for the country.
  • Battle of Coral Sea

    Militarily:
    Battle on the Pacific theater between Japan and the United States for a more strategic military positioning. The battle was the first successful attempt to stop Japanese expansion in the Pacific
  • Women's Army Camp

    Socially:
    The United States creation of a women's auxiliary unit. The significance was the change in women's role during the war on the homefront. Women stepped away from being in homes and for the first time took jobs.
  • Battle of Midway

    Militarily:
    The naval battle on the Pacific Campaign against Japan to prevent a Hawaiian invasion. The battle stopped Japanese advancement in the area.
  • Operation Overload (D-Day)

    Militarily:
    The operation by the Allied Powers of invading France on the beaches of Normandy. The success of the invasion allowed for a two-front war with Germany, liberation of France, and cut-off of German supplies.
  • Bracero Program

    Economically:
    United States program in cooperation with the country of Mexico allowing for Mexican nationals to take temporary agricultural work in the United States. Allowed the United States work force to expand resulting in increased production.
  • Manhattan Project

    Politically:
    Government sponsored research/development project by the US with the involvement of the UK and Canada that tested nuclear sources, and eventually creating the first atomic bomb. The significance of the event was the United States government attempt to have the most advanced scientific/militaristic knowledge of nuclear energy.
  • Operation Torch

    Militarily:
    The operation of the Allied powers (US/Britain) involving an invasion of North Africa designed to drive the Ais armies off the African continent. This attack allowed for the Allied powers to threaten the shipping of the Axis powers in the Mediterranean and prevent them from using the Suez Canal.
  • Executive Order 9346

    Socially:
    Executive Order that created the Fair Employment Practice Act, stating works/companies cannot discriminate against color, ethnicity, creed, or religion. The significance of the event allowed blacks to receive equal rights in society along with the other minorities & women that lived in the United States.
  • Invasion of Italy

    Militarily:
    British and American military operation of invading Italy and overthrowing the Facist government created by Mussolini. The success of the mission removed Italy from the Axis powers and lessened the battle for the Allied powers.
  • Tehran Conference

    Politically:
    Three leaders from the Allied powers meeting to discuss the launch of an invasion of France. The significance of the event created a great advantage to the Allied powers, which was to create a second-front against Hitler.
  • GI Bill of Rights

    Economically:
    Legislation that provided military veterans with benefits such as job priority, money for furthering their education, training, and loans for purchasing homes and property. The significance of the event helped create the rise of a new middle class, as well as help place large numbers of discharged soldiers to the US economy.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Militarily:
    The last, major German offensive launched toward the Allied forces to divide them in half and eventually lead to a peace treaty. It was significant in the fact that the Allied forces were able to defeat this attempt by the Axis powers and severely defeat their chances of a continued war.
  • Yalta Conference

    Politically:
    Conference with the three main Allied powers discussing the post-war plans of Europe. It created much controversy between the powers. It's significance was the future conflict that would arise because of the compromises made from this conference between the US and USSR.
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Militarily:
    A major battle in the Pacific theater in which the US Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from Japanese imperialism. It was significantly important because of its strageic placement in the Pacfic allowing close access to Japan.
  • Liberation of Death Camps

    Militarily:
    The rescue of targets of Nazi Germany by the US armed forces in Europe. Many of the prisoners in the camps were saved and the event itself created a long-lasting memory/effect on the United States and the world.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Politically:
    Discussion of postwar policies with the three Allied powers (US, USSR, and Great Britain), in which they discussed Japan's "unconditional surrender." The significance of the conference created Japan's refusal to surrender and eventually resulting in Truman's authorization to use the atomic bomb.
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Militarily:
    The bombing of Japanese cities with the atomic bomb by the United States military. This military action allowed for Japan to surrender to the US and end the war.
  • Baby Boom

    Socially:
    Period in which members of the generation within the first few years after World War ll, reunited with spouses and couples got married, expanding their families. It created a huge increase in the number of babies in the United States.
  • Taft-Hartley Act

    Economically:
    Congress order that reaffirmed labor's right to collective bargaining, and forbad "closed shop" system, as well gave workers freedom to refuse union membership and sue for damages in certain cases. The significance of the event was as a response to the war-time job boom and weakened the power of labor unions.
  • Fair Deal

    Socially:
    Trumans proposed social reforms, extending Social Security benefits, increasing minimum wages, and appropriating funds for the construction of low-income housing. Wartime economy changed the domestic tradions of the home, and the significance of the Fair Deal was to support those changes post-World War ll.
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    World War ll