America during the 18th and 19th centuries

Timeline created by JorVallejos
In History
  • First English settlement in Virgina.

    First English settlement in Virgina.
    The settlers had been sent to Jamestown with a group of investors. These investors had formed the Virginia Company back in 1606.
  • Most of the people who had been sent to Virginia died.

  • Period: to

    More and more people continue dying.

    That winter was the lowest point. Only 60 people of 500 colonists were alive. But still, people continued to be sent there.
  • Military governors ran Virginia like a prison camp

    By forcing strict rules to make sure that work was done.
  • Tobacco from Virginia was sent to England for the first time.

    Tobacco from Virginia was sent to England for the first time.
    Most of the tobacco servers were indentured workers.
  • Virginia’s government changed.

    Virginia’s government changed.
    The House of Burgesses was elect representatives from the various settlements in Virginia and served as advisors.
  • SLAVERY BEGAN

    SLAVERY BEGAN
    A ship with 20 captured black Africans had arrived.
  • The Virginia Company shipped over a group of women as wives for its settlers.

  • PILGRIMS

    A group of puritans went to America to find religious freedom. They disagreed with some of the teachings of the Catholic Church.
  • The Mayflowers arrived

    The Mayflowers arrived in Cape Cod, which is now Massachusetts
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    The Plymouth settlers agreed to set up a government to make “just and equal laws” for everyone.
  • Fierce Amerindian attacked and killed a lot of colonists.

  • More Puritans went to America.

    More Puritans went to America.
  • The English government put an end to the Virginia Company.

  • The government tried to arrest Williams

    The government tried to arrest Williams but he ran away with a group of followers and founded Rhode Islan
  • New York was captured.

    New York (previously had been named New Amsterdam in 1626) was captured by the English from the Dutch.
  • Pennsylvania was founded.

    Pennsylvania was founded.
    Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, who belonged to another religious group, the Society of Friends.
  • Puritans combined with Plymouth under the name of Massachusetts.

  • The English owned 13 separate colonies

    By this year, the English owned 13 separate colonies along the Atlantic coast of North America.
  • The Royal Proclamation

    The Royal Proclamation
    It forbade colonists to settle west of the Appalachians until proper treaties had been made with the Amerindians.
  • Currency Act

    Currency Act
    Regulated paper money issued by the colonies.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Taxes on sugar
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    As colonists, they had no representation in the British Parliament, they started to wonder why they would have to pay taxes. “No taxation without Parliament.”
  • Stamp Act Congress

    Stamp Act Congress
  • Period: to

    The Townshend Act

    Were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, that taxed goods imported to the American colonies.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    The presence of British troops in Boston brought about disorder and death: 3 members of a mob died and several were wounded. The British government was forced to withdraw the Stamp Act.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    The colonists had to pay a tax on the tea imported from England. Colonists disguised as Indians swarmed aboard three tea-laden ships and dumped their cargo into the harbor.
  • The Coercive/Intolerant Act

    The Coercive/Intolerant Act
    5 acts were passed to punish the people of the Boston Tea Party. Colonists saw these acts as a violation of their constitutional rights.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    55 delegates from all colonies (except Georgia) met to oppose British oppression divided opinions on how to solve the problem drafted a set of resolutions: their right to liberty and property and the right of provincial legislatures to set taxes and internal policy. They claimed to be loyal to the British king but called Americans to refuse to buy British goods.
  • 500 British soldiers marched silently out of Boston

    500 British soldiers marched silently out of Boston. To seize weapons owned by the colonists. But the colonists were warned and acted immediately.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia. It began to act as an American national government.
  • The Continental Congress cut off all the ties to Britain.

  • The British captured NY

    The British captured NY. Americans were close to losing the war, they were indisciplined soldiers.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was issued by Thomas Jefferson. It officially named the American colonies as the “United States of America”. This was the beginning of a new form of government.
  • American forces captured the British army

    American forces captured the British army and sent them back to England. Benjamin Franklin convinced France to join the war.
  • French king signed an alliance with the Americans

  • Articles of Confederation.

    Articles of Confederation.
    Implemented a weak central government without the power to collect taxes. All States agreed to collaborate with each other.
  • Period: to

    Battle of Yorktown

    The Americans with the help of France defeated the British in Yorktown.
  • The British surrendered.

    The British surrendered.
  • The Constitution of the United States is issued

    The Constitution of the United States is issued
    Congress asked for a Constitutional Convention to be held. The Constitution of the United States is issued. Which proposed a new form of government: the federal government.
  • Geroge Washington is elected as the first President of the United States.

    Geroge Washington is elected as the first President of the United States.
    “To be prepared for war is one of the most effectual means of preserving peace”
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    It protected Ameridians’ rights to land and liberty.
  • Samuel Slater took the Industrial Revolution to the US.

    Samuel Slater took the Industrial Revolution to the US.
  • The first factory is opened in the US.

    The first factory is opened in the US.
  • Bill of rights

    Bill of rights
    Ten amendments were added to the Constitution because the original one said nothing about the rights and freedoms of individual citizens.
  • The cotton engine is created

    Eli Whitney and the Cotton gin, she had a talent for making machines. He solved the planters’ problem by inventing the cotton engine.
  • John Adams. The second president of the USA

    John Adams. The second president of the USA
    “Liberty, once lost, is lost forever”
  • Thomas Jefferson. The third president of the USA.

    Thomas Jefferson. The third president of the USA.
    “We in America do not have government by the majority. We have government by the majority who participate.”
  • Louisiana is purchased from France.

    Louisiana is purchased from France.
  • The Oregon Trail

  • James Madison. The fourth president of the USA.

    James Madison. The fourth president of the USA.
    "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”
  • Congress declared war on Britain.

  • Britain and the US signed a peace treaty

    Britain and the US signed a peace treaty. (Yet, Britain attacked the Americans a few months later.)
  • James Monroe. The fifth president of the USA.

     James Monroe. The fifth president of the USA.
    “The only way for the Amerindians to survive is by being moved to other lands, further west”
  • Slavery in the South and North

    Southern and northern politicians were arguing fiercely about whether slavery should be permitted in the new territories that were then being settled III the West.
  • Indian Removal Act

    All Amerindians east of Mississippi River would be moved to “Indian territory”
  • The liberator newspaper.

    The liberator newspaper.
    “The liberator” by Garrison, it was a newspaper dedicated to the abolition of slavery.
  • Texas became independent from Mexico

  • Texas was annexed to the US.

  • Oregon Treaty

    Oregon Treaty
    Oregon was annexed to the US.
  • Mexican cession.

    Mexican cession.
    Mexican territories were annexed. California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Colorado.
  • A group of workmen found gold in California

  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman, who grew up as a slave, she escaped to Philadelphia and joined to Underground Railroad, she led more than 300 men, women, and children to freedom.
  • California was admitted to the United States as a free state

    California was admitted to the United States as a free state
  • Stephen Douglas

    Stephen Douglas
    Senator named Stephen Douglas persuaded Congress to end the Missouri Compromise
  • Congress voted

    Congress voted to let its people decide for themselves whether to permit slavery there.
  • John Brown tried to start a slave rebellion in Virginia

  • Abraham Lincoln took the oath of office as President of the US.

    Abraham Lincoln took the oath of office as President of the US.
    “America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves.”
  • Confederate guns opened fire Oil Fort Sumte

    Confederate guns opened fire Oil Fort Sumte
    Confederate guns opened fire Oil Fort Sumter a fortress in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, that was occupied by United States troops. These shots marked the beginning of the American Civil War.
  • David Farragut sailed Union ships

    David Farragut sailed Union ships into the mouth of the river and captured New Orleans.
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    This law offered free farms in the West to families of settlers.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    All the slaves living in the Confederacy were to make free.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The biggest that has ever been fought in the United States.
  • The Union armies moved in to end the war

    The Union armies moved in to end the war
  • Confederacy surrenders. End of the Civil War.

     Confederacy surrenders. End of the Civil War.
  • Reconstruction

  • Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency

    Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency
    As the vice-president, he assumed the presidency after Lincoln was assasinated. “Slavery exists. It’s black in the South and white in the North”
  • End of the Civil War

  • Lincoln is assassinated

    Lincoln is assassinated
  • Congress replied by passing the Reconstruction Act

    This dismissed the white governments of the southern states and placed them under military rule.
  • Fort Laramie Treaty

    Fort Laramie Treaty
    The large areas within the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains belonged to the Sioux.
  • All the southern states had new " Reconstruction" governments

    All the southern states had new " Reconstruction" governments. Most were made up of blacks and a few whites.
  • Yellowstone

    Yellowstone
    The first national park.
  • The use of violence and fear helped white racists

    The use of violence and fear helped white racists to win black control of state government all over the South.
  • Reconstruction was over

    Reconstruction was over, white Democrats won the control.
  • Congress banned most of Chinese immigration.

    The strength of anti-Chinese feelings caused Congress to ban most Chinese immigration.
  • Yosemite became a national park

    Yosemite became a national park
    (By the way, these photos were taken by Jorgelina on her trip to Yosemite last February)