U.S Government Timeline SD

Timeline created by sdeshields.gwd51
In History
  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    King John signed
    Moved rule of man to rule of law
    Included taxation and trail provisions
  • Petition of Rights

    Petition of Rights
    Required monarchs to obtain Parliamentary approval before new taxes
    Government could not unlawfully imprison people or establish military rule during times of peace
  • Crown and Parliament

    Crown and Parliament
    Renewed conflicts and rebellion between the Crown and Parliament
  • William and Mary

    William and Mary
    William and Mary chosen to rule, but had to govern according to statutes of Parliament
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    English bill of rights is passed
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers fired into crowd
    5 colonists died
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Revolutionaries dumped British Tea into the harbor
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Colonists were forced to “Quarter,” or house, British troops
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Likely drawn from Virginia Declaration of Rights and inspired by John Locke
    Blamed the King for a variety of issues in the Colonies
    Signed by the delegates to the Second Continental Congress
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First National Government
    Delegates aimed to have a confederation in which colonies kept their “sovereignty, freedom, and independence.”
    Ratification delayed by argument over who would control western lands
    Small states refused to ratify until they granted the entire confederation control over the lands
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    Established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory
    Included disputed lands
    Created system for admitting states to the Union
    Banned slavery in the territory
    Guided nation’s western expansion
  • Judiciary Act

    Judiciary Act
    Established a Three-tiered Judicial Structure
    1. District courts
    2. Circuit courts
    3. Supreme Court
  • Mass Media- Gazette

    Mass Media- Gazette
    Federalist paper Gazette of the United States published
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Power of judicial review
  • 12th Amendment

    12th Amendment
    allows the President to choose V.P.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    "Power to tax is power to destroy"
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    Right of a state legislature to award a monopoly to operate a steamship line between NY and NJ
    Court said only Congress has the right to regulate commerce between states
  • Dred Scott v. Stanford

    Dred Scott v. Stanford
    Dred Scott​
    Slave who sued for his and his family's freedom after being taken to a free state​
    Court said that Scott, as an African-American and previously property, was not a citizen ​
    Gave him no legal standing to sue​
    Called the “greatest disaster” of the Supreme Court​
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    Ruled segregation was legal as long as the facilities were equal​
    “Separate but equal” doctrine​
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Direct Election of senators
  • Mass Media -Radio

    Mass Media -Radio
    Radio became the first form of electronic media​
  • Native Americans

    Native Americans
    Fed govt. can regulate commerce with tribes
    Most treaties resulted in loss of land and rights from Native Americans
    Native Americans granted citizenship
  • United States v. Miller

    United States v. Miller
    Ruled 2nd Amendment does not protect the right to have all types of weapons
  • United States v. Darby

    United States v. Darby
    Upheld Fair Labor Standards Act; Commerce Clause allows Congress to regulate employment conditions​
  • Minersville School District v. Gobitis

    Minersville School District v. Gobitis
    The Supreme Court ruled that a child could be expelled for refusing to salute the American flag or recite the pledge (these actions violated the child’s religious beliefs)
  • West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

    West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
    The court reversed itself and decided unity was not a sufficient reason to overrule religious beliefs.
  • 22nd Amendment

    22nd Amendment
    U.S. President can serve up to 10 years or two 4-year terms
  • National Security Council

    National Security Council
    Coordinates national security policy
    Brings together the top military, foreign affairs, and intelligence officials in the administration
  • Mass Media -Television

    Mass Media -Television
    Television replaced radio as most influential electronic media​
  • Brown v. Board

    Brown v. Board
    Ruled segregation is illegal​
    "Separate is inherently unequal"​
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    Government program to eliminate poverty and social inequality
    Johnson created creative federalism, which released national funds to achieve national goals.
  • Edwards v. South Carolina

    Edwards v. South Carolina
    187 African-American students gathered at the state capitol to protest racial injustice
    Students did not end the protest when police told them to and were arrested.
    Court said the state had no authority to disperse the students, as they were protesting legally.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
  • 25th Amendment

    25th Amendment
    Sets up the formal processes of Presidential Succession
  • Miranda v Arizona

    Miranda v Arizona
    Expanded rights of people accused of crimes​
    "Miranda Rights"
  • Loving v. Virginia

    Loving v. Virginia
    Struck down all state laws banning interracial marriage​
  • Age Discrimination In Employment Act

    Age Discrimination In Employment Act
    Protects applicants and employees of 40+ years old from discrimination based on age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, privileges, etc. of employment.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Tinker v. Des Moines
    Schools couldn’t prevent students from protesting the Vietnam War​
  • War Powers Resolution

    War Powers Resolution
    President must consult with Congress before sending troops
    Congress can force the president to end use of military with a concurrent resolution
  • New Federalsim

    New Federalsim
    Returned some authority to state governments
    Ronald Reagan believed state governments could better provide services to the people
  • College Cost

    College Cost
    the average cost of a four-year college was $30,800 (adjusted for inflation)​
  • Harlow v. Fitzgerald

    Harlow v. Fitzgerald
    Established the rationale for qualified immunity
  • Tennessee v. Garner

    Tennessee v. Garner
    Limited police use of lethal force
  • Graham v. Connor

    Graham v. Connor
    Juries must consider if the officer believed force was reasonable
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
  • District of Columbia v. Heller

    District of Columbia v. Heller
    Ruled the 2nd Amendment protects an individual's right to keep and bear arms for self-defense​
  • McDonald v. Chicago

    McDonald v. Chicago
    Ruled 2nd Amendment applies to federal, state, and local governments; upheld 2nd Amendment
  • Obergefell v. Hodges

    Obergefell v. Hodges
    Ruled states must grant and recognize same-sex marriage
    Republican presidents have appointed most of the Supreme Court justices since 1953.​
  • Mass Incarceration

    Mass Incarceration
    2.3 million people were incarcerated in the United States​
    698 of every 100,000 Americans was in jail or prison.​
    The U.S. still has the highest level of incarceration in the world.​
  • College Cost

    College Cost
    the average cost had risen to $85,480.​
    As a result, Americans owe about $1.56 trillion dollars in Student Loans.​
    The average borrower owes about $37,000.​
    Some politicians have proposed bills to forgive student loan debt or make college free for everyone, just like public school.​
  • Mass Incarceration

    Mass Incarceration
    Black Americans were about 5.6x as likely to be imprisoned as White Americans.​
    Possible reasons for this imbalance include racial bias in the judicial system and community-level poverty.​
    The U.S. government has failed to take meaningful action about race discrepancies in prison populations.​