The colonial History of North America

Timeline created by DONTCALLITSCHNITZEL!!!
In History
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Exploration of North America by Columbus

    Exploration of North America by Columbus
    Christopher Columbus makes the first of four voyages to the New World, funded by the Spanish Crown, seeking a western sea route to Asia. On October 12, sailing the Santa Maria, he lands in the Bahamas, thinking it is an outlying Japanese island.
  • Jun 15, 1497

    Exploration of Canada

    John Cabot of England explores the Atlantic coast of Canada, claiming the area for the English King, Henry VII. Cabot is the first of many European explorers to seek a Northwest Passage (northern water route) to Asia.
  • Jun 15, 1499

    Exploration of South America

    Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, sights the coast of South America during a voyage of discovery for Spain.
  • Jun 15, 1507

    Name of the New World

    Name of the New World
    The name "America" is first used in a geography book referring to the New World with Amerigo Vespucci getting credit for the discovery of the continent.
  • Jun 14, 1565

    First Colony in Florida

    The first permanent European colony in North America is founded at St. Augustine (Florida) by the Spanish.
  • GB replaces Spain as dominat World

    GB replaces Spain as dominat World
    In Europe, the defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English results in Great Britain replacing Spain as the dominant world power and leads to a gradual decline of Spanish influence in the New World and the widening of English imperial interests.
  • First British Colony

    Jamestown is founded in Virginia by the colonists of the London Company. By the end of the year, starvation and disease reduce the original 105 settlers to just 32 survivors. Capt. John Smith is captured by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas.
  • first legislative assembly

     first legislative assembly
    The first session of the first legislative assembly in America occurs as the Virginia House of Burgesses convenes in Jamestown. It consists of 22 burgesses representing 11 plantations
  • First Libraray

    The first public library in the colonies is organized in Virginia with books donated by English landowners.
  • further explorations

    The Mayflower ship lands at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with 101 colonists. On November 11, the Mayflower Compact is signed by the 41 men, establishing a form of local government in which the colonists agree to abide by majority rule and to cooperate for the general good of the colony. The Compact sets the precedent for other colonies as they set up governments.
  • First treaty between natives and settlers

    First treaty between natives and settlers
    One of the first treaties between colonists and Native Americans is signed as the Plymouth Pilgrims enact a peace pact with the Wampanoag Tribe, with the aid of Squanto, an English speaking Native American.
  • King Charles Parliament

    In England, King Charles I dissolves parliament and attempts to rule as absolute monarch, spurring many to leave for the American colonies
  • Harvard College founded.

    Harvard College founded.
  • First colonial printing press

    The first colonial printing press is set up in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Rhode Islands law

    Rhode Islands law
    Rhode Island enacts the first law in the colonies declaring slavery illegal.
  • Maryland law

    Maryland law
    Maryland passes a law making lifelong servitude for black slaves mandatory to prevent them from taking advantage of legal precedents established in England which grant freedom under certain conditions, such as conversion to Christianity. Similar laws are later passed in New York, New Jersey, the Carolinas and Virginia.
  • Dutch military forces retake New York from the British.

  • New King and Queen of England

    New King and Queen of England
    In February, William and Mary of Orange become King and Queen of England. In April, New England Governor Andros is jailed by rebellious colonists in Boston. In July, the English government orders Andros to be returned to England to stand trial.
  • The Royal African Trade Company loses its slave trade monopoly

    The Royal African Trade Company loses its slave trade monopoly, spurring colonists in New England to engage in slave trading for profit. In April, the Navigation Act of 1696 is passed by the English Parliament requiring colonial trade to be done exclusively via English built ships. The Act also expands the powers of colonial custom commissioners, including rights of forcible entry, and requires the posting of bonds on certain goods.
  • The Anglo population

    The Anglo population
    The Anglo population in the English colonies in America reaches 250,000.
  • Period:
    Mar 24, 1490
    Mar 24, 1522

    Early Colonial Era

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    Developing Colonies

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    Laws are developed

    Laws are developed
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    King Philips War

    King Philip's War erupts in New England between colonists and Native Americans as a result of tensions over colonist's expansionist activities. The bloody war rages up and down the Connecticut River valley in Massachusetts and in the Plymouth and Rhode Island colonies, eventually resulting in 600 English colonials being killed and 3,000 Native Americans, including women and children on both sides. King Philip (the colonist's nickname for Metacomet, chief of the Wampanoags) is hunted down and kil