Technological Advancements From 1750-1900

Timeline created by afscsoccer7
  • Samuel Johnson Publishes the First English Language Dictionary

    Samuel Johnson Publishes the First English Language Dictionary
    The dictionary helps increased the literacy rate throughout the English speaking countries of the world.
  • John Campbell Invents the Sextant

    John Campbell Invents the Sextant
    This sighting device was used to calculate the elevation of a celestial body over the horizon and thereby determine one's line of position. By knowing this sailors could then calculate exact latitude and longitude at sea.
  • John Harrison Invents Navigational Clock or Marine Chronometer

    John Harrison Invents Navigational Clock or Marine Chronometer
    This clock becomes crucial to seaferrers as it gives navigators the ability to read longitude with a simple device.
  • James Hargreaves Developed "Spinning Jenny"

    James Hargreaves Developed "Spinning Jenny"
    This shows the beginning of the industrial revolution move to use technology to ease a task and allowed people to spin multiple threads at the same time.
  • Richard Arkwright Imporves on the Spinning Jenny With his "Water Frame"

    Richard Arkwright Imporves on the Spinning Jenny With his "Water Frame"
    Although the Spinning Jenny could spin multiple threads at once, this new machine span much faster using water power and allowed the textile industry to boom.
  • Joseph Priestly Invents Carbonated Water (Soda Water)

    Joseph Priestly Invents Carbonated Water (Soda Water)
    Priestly's work in chemistry inspired many other scientists to make strives in this field around the globe and also showed the carbonation process of fluids.
  • George Louis Lesarge's Telegraph

    George Louis Lesarge's Telegraph
    Enabled the first use long distance communications to organize people around the world. This was initially used in underwater telegraph cables which organized the navies of world powers.
  • Alexander Cummings Receives Patents For First Flushing Toilet

    Alexander Cummings Receives Patents For First Flushing Toilet
    This invention greatly improved on the sanitation of urban areas and marked the steps towards a modern society.
  • James Watt Creates Improved and More Practical Steam Engine

    James Watt Creates Improved and More Practical Steam Engine
    Previously, steam travel was very costly reserved mainly to water travel and aristocratic use, but with this improved stam engine, steam travel emerged as prominet travel source.
  • Samuel Crompton creates "Crompton's Mule"

    Samuel Crompton creates "Crompton's Mule"
    This innovation mixed the best parts of the Jenny and the Water Frame further moving along the textile industry.
  • Edmund Cartwright Invents the Power Loom

    Edmund Cartwright Invents the Power Loom
    Although having a few issues upon its first release, this spinning machine was much easier to use and span faster than the machines before it. Later it would be used predominantly world-wide.
  • Eli Whitney Develops the First Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Develops the First Cotton Gin
    This gin separated cotton seeds from the actual cotton fibres which normally took too long. This created the cotton business essentially as cotton became easier to produce.
  • Edward Jenner Develops First Smallpox Vaccine

    Edward Jenner Develops First Smallpox Vaccine
    With smallpox being one of the deadliest killers in Europe and the Americas, this vaccine most likely saved millions of lives around the world.
  • Robert Fulton Develops First River Paddle Steamship

    Robert Fulton Develops First River Paddle Steamship
    This was the first paddle steamship in the world and introduced the world to water travel using steam power. Although this was very cost ineffective, it would later be improved.
  • Humphrey Davy Creates the First Electric Light

    Humphrey Davy Creates the First Electric Light
    Reduced the dependence on candles and gas powered lighting in homes. Later improved by Edison, this started the idea of different forms of energy.
  • George Stephenson Develops First Locamotive Firm to Use Steam Powered T ransportation

    George Stephenson Develops First Locamotive Firm to Use Steam Powered T ransportation
    This innovation/landmark even exemplifies the importance of steam power in transportation during this time.
  • Alessandra Volta Makes First Electrical Battery

    Alessandra Volta Makes First Electrical Battery
    This new technology shows the complete shift to electrical power in practical uses and the battery became a staple in society throughout history.
  • Joseph Dart's first elevator

    Joseph Dart's first elevator
    This innovation paved the way for the creation of much taller builidings as it became easier to transport people up numerous floors. It is still used in modern day society.
  • Richard Gatling Machine Gun

    Richard Gatling Machine Gun
    This event marked the beginning of more modern warfare as fully automatic weapons dominated the battlefield. Ammo cartriges made weapons easier to load, more accurate, and overall much more deadly.
  • Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray Design Devices that Transmit Sound

    Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray Design Devices that Transmit Sound
    This improved on the idea of the telegraph that could only transmitt short messages through a morde code but this allowed for more detailed messages to be sent. Also it was a more practical device that allowed the average people to communicate with one another.
  • First Phone Call is Made Between Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Watson

    More of a landmark than an innovation, this call showed the great strides made over this age. It marked the beginning of the use of the telephone and modern communication.
  • Thomas Edison Begins Experimenting with Electrical Light and Develops the Light Bulb

    Thomas Edison Begins Experimenting with Electrical Light and Develops the Light Bulb
    Before this century, Electrical Power was way too expensive for everyday use but after Edison's innovations, electrical power was used practically as a major source of power
  • Electiric Power is Now Used to Power Homes and Street Lamps

    Not depending on fire for light, allowed people to work at night without the fear of catching their paper or straw houses on fire. It revolutionized world.
  • Nikola Tesla Patents For Induction Motor and an Alternating Current System

    Nikola Tesla Patents For Induction Motor and an Alternating Current System
    Not only did Tesla discover the rotating magnetic field concept (a key idea to physics) his A-C induction motor ran very efficiently and is still used in industrial and household devices today.