Morocco Berber Jewish History and Issues

Timeline created by han alb
In History
  • 200

    Christianity arrives in Roman North Africa

    200 to 300 ad.
    see p. 20 of Maddy-Weitzen's The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States
  • 586

    jews come to morocco

    586 bc (Maddy-Weitzman)
  • Jan 1, 739

    Kharijite Revolt

    Revolt lasted from 739 to 742 AD in Tangier. It was led by Maysar al-Mathaghri. Source Maddy-Weitzman's Berber IdentityMovement. p. 24. and Brett's Islamization of Egypt and North Africa p. 22.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 901
    to
    Jan 1, 1099

    Al-Fitna al-Barbariya

    ethnic tensions in Andalusia in 10th and 11th centuries between Berbers (both old and new) and Arabs. source: Shatzmiller's The BEbers and the Islamic State p. 21-22.
  • Jan 1, 1050

    almoravid dynasty

    mid 11th century to mid 13th century. The Saharan Sanhaja became Muslim sometime during the tenth century. They became Almoravids when one of their tribal chiefs returned home from pilgrimage to Mecca and brought a fiery preacher to teach them. city of Marrakech created in 1070-1071
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1050
    to
    Jan 1, 1250

    Almoravid dynasty

  • Jan 1, 1070

    Marrakech created

    1070-1071
  • Jan 1, 1101

    jews expelled from marakesh

    The Almohads rejected Maliki jurisprudence
  • Jan 1, 1147

    almohad dynasty

    Under the Almohad dynasty (1147-1269), Marrakesh witnessed further expansion. mid 12th century: almohad conquest of almoravids until mid 13th century also (world history encyclopedia). 12th century CE The Almohads, a Berber mountain people, develop a fundamentalist Islamic doctrine and build an empire that spreads from Spain to western Libya. They expel Jews from Marrakesh and try to eliminate their presence from Morocco (world history encyclopedia).
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1147
    to
    Jan 1, 1269

    Almohad Dynasty

    (world history encyclopedia)
  • Jan 1, 1150

    Barghwata kingdom ends

    p. 27 of Maddy-Weitzman's The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1244
    to
    Jan 1, 1465

    Merinid dynasty

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1250
    to
    Jan 1, 1450

    Hafsid Dynasty

    Hafisd Dynasty ruled in Ifriqiya while Merinid BerberDynasty ruled in Fez. p. 30 Maddy-Weitzman's The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States
  • Jan 1, 1276

    pogrom in Fez

    13th century CE The Merenids give preferential treatment to the Jews. Resentment of the sultan and his close ties to the Jews incites a pogrom in Fez in 1276(Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora).
  • Jan 1, 1401

    Murabit revolution in 15th century

  • Jan 1, 1438

    Jews forced to move to mellah

    The Merenids force the Jews to move into a mellah, a fortified area adjoining the royal palace of Fez, to ensure their safety. (Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora)
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1472
    to
    Jan 1, 1500

    Jews enter Morocco from Europe

    1472 The Wattasids neither encourage nor prevent tens of thousands of Jewish refugees from Spain and Portugal from entering Morocco in the late 15th and early 16th centuries (Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora).
  • Period:
    Apr 22, 1575
    to

    Sa'adian Dynasty rules

    p.34 of Maddy-Weitzmann
  • Jan 1, 1578

    Battle of the Three Kings in 1578

  • Period: to

    Alawi Dynasty Rules

    source p.34 of Maddy-Weitzmann
  • Berbers brought to Granada

    Berber units brought from North Africa to defend Granada. p. 29 Maddy-Weitzman's The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States
  • 18th century Alawi sultan persecutes Jews

    An eighteenth-century Alawi sultan, Mawlay Yazid, had a short but bloody rule, marked by the ruthless persecution of Jews who had sided with his adversaries.