Medical Apartheid timeline

Timeline created by DrKayhoc
In History
  • Arrival of Enslaved Africans to US colonies

    First arrival of enslaved Africans to shores of US colonies https://www.americanheritage.com/1619-year-shaped-america
  • Black Colonial Census

    By 1700 20,000 Black people lived in the colonies
  • US ends participation in Transatlantic Slave Trade

    US ends participation in Transatlantic Slave Trade
  • Systema Naturae published

    Systema Naturae published
    Swedish botanist, Carolus Linneaus publishes, Systema Naturae, which established taxonomies of the natural world, including human racial classifications.
  • Black Census

    By 1776 Blacks constituted 20% of the US population at 550,000.
  • Jefferson publishes Notes on the State of Virginia

    Jefferson publishes Notes on the State of Virginia
    Includes his reflections on slavery and his support of repatriation of Blacks back to Africa as a means of emancipation. https://pages.uoregon.edu/mjdennis/courses/wk7_notes.html
  • Crania Americana published

    Samuel Morton publishes Crania Americana, in which Morton attributes cranial size to racial intelligence. https://www.zmescience.com/other/crania-americana-influential-book-scientific-racism/
  • J. Marion Sims begins conducting experiments on enslaved women

    J. Marion Sims begins conducting experiments on enslaved women
    Known as the "father of gynecology" Sims refined his life saving techniques that would earn him notable fame throughout the world, by experimenting on enslaved women provided by their owners. Sims conducted his excruciating experiments without providing the women anesthesia.
    https://www.npr.org/transcripts/466942135
  • Emancipation Proclamation

  • WEB DuBois publishes The Philadelphia Negro

    WEB DuBois publishes The Philadelphia Negro
    Harvard trained sociologist and activist, DuBois argued that the differences in health outcomes for blacks and whites had more do with living conditions, than genetics.
  • Rise of scholarship promoting polygenism

  • Verner "gifts" Ota Benga to Bronx Zoo

    Samual Phillips Verner "gifts" Ota Benga, an Mbutu widower whom Verner kidnapped from what is now known as the Republic of Congo, and displayed in his World Fair exhibit, to the Bronx Zoological Garden.