Jesus to AD 500

Timeline created by sdonan
  • Period:
    -27 BCE

    Pax Romana

  • 33

    The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • 33


  • 33

    The Apostles spread the Gospel

  • 33

    St Stephen martyred

  • 34

    the Conversion of St. Paul

  • 42

    St. John the Apostle travels to Ephesus with the Blessed Virgin Mary

    John 19:25-27 tells of how, from the Cross, Jesus charged St. John with the care of his mother.
  • 46

    St. Paul begins missionary journeys to Galatia, Greece, Syria, and other places.

  • 49

    Council of Jerusalem

  • 64

    Persecution of Christians begins under new Roman emperor Nero.

  • 70

    Romans burn the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

  • 80

    Didache written

  • 99

    All the writings that will become part of the New Testament have been written by this date.

  • Period:

    AD 100-500

  • 250

    Persecution under Roman emperor Decius

    Decius required all too worship the gods of state, or be tortured and killed.
  • 251

    Council of Carthage

    This council allowed people who lapsed in their faith during the persecution to be brought back into the Church after a period of penance.
  • 303

    Persecution under Roman emperor Diocletian

    Diocletian ordered the destruction of all Christian Churches, imprisonment of bishops and priests, and the execution of all who refused to participate in the public worship of pagan gods.
  • 313

    Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan

    This edict granted religious toleration to Christians and unleashed the spread of Christianity.
  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

    This council, called by Emperor Constantine, set forth the Nicene Creed and affirmed that Jesus and the Father are consubstantial - of the same substance.
  • 330

    Emperor Constantine divides the Roman Empire into East and West

    The West was centered in Rome, and the East was centered in Constantinople.
  • 330

    Construction of the first St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

  • 354

    Birth of St. Augustine

  • 360

    Books begin to replace scrolls

  • 382

    Pope Damascus asks St. Jerome to translate the Gospels into Latin.

  • 397

    The Councils of Hippo and Carthage determine which books will become part of the New Testament

  • 405

    St. Jerome completes his translation of the Old Testament.

  • 410

    The Visigoths destroy the city of Rome

  • 410

    St. Augustine begins writing The City of God.

  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    This council condemned a heresy that said Jesus was two persons in one body, and the council declared that the Virgin Mary is truly the Mother of God.
  • 432

    St. Patrick sets out to spread the Gospel in Ireland

  • 480

    Birth of St. Benedict

  • Period:

    AD 500-1000

  • 507

    Clovis' army drives Visigoths out of France

  • 527

    Justinian I becomes emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire

  • 529

    St. Benedict founds the first monastery

  • 529

    St. Benedict founds his first monastery.

  • 537

    Construction of Hagia Sophia (current structure) begins in Constantinople.

  • 590

    St. Gregory the Great becomes pope

  • 596

    Pope St. Gregory the Great sends St. Augustine of Canterbury to England to evangelize the Anglo-Saxons.

  • 597

    St. Augustine baptizes the King of Kent

  • 632

    Death of Mohammad

    Mohammad, whom Muslims call the Prophet Mohammad, is the founder of Islam. By the time of his death, all of Arabia is Muslim.
  • 637

    Muslims attack Constantinople

  • 638

    Muslims capture Jerusalem

  • 698

    Muslims take Carthage

    End of Eastern Roman rule in North Africa.
  • 711

    Muslims invade and occupy Spain

  • 716

    St. Boniface leaves England to evangelize Germania

  • 732

    France halts Muslims invasion

  • 754

    With St. Boniface's help, the pope allies with the kings of the Franks

  • 793

    Vikings attack England

  • 800

    Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III.

    Eastern Christians in Constantinople did not approve of Charlemagne's coronation, and the new title bestowed by the pope caused further division between East and West.
  • 800

    Gunpowder invented

  • 885

    Vikings attack Paris

  • 997

    Muslims occupy Santiago de Compostela in Spain, burial place of St. James the Apostle.

  • 1000

    Muslims control two thirds of the ancient Christian world

  • 1054

    The Great Schism

  • 1073

    St. Gregory VII elected pope

  • 1073

    Pope St. Gregory VII excommunicates the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

  • 1088

    First universities founded

  • 1094

    The Byzantine emperor in Constantinople asks the West for aid against Muslim armies

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade, and Christians temporarily capture Jerusalem

  • 1142

    Second Crusade

  • 1144

    First Gothic cathedral completed

  • 1192

    Third Crusade

  • 1204

    Crusaders from the Fourth Crusade sack Constantinople

  • 1209

    Franciscan Order is founded by St. Francis of Assi

  • 1216

    Dominican Order founded by St. Dominic

  • 1229

    The Inquisition is founded

  • 1265

    St. Thomas Aquinas writes the Summa Theologica

  • 1300

    The Renaissance begins

  • 1347

    Bubonic plague arrives in Europe

  • 1377

    St. Catherine of Siena convinces the pope to return the papacy to Rome

  • 1386

    St. Catherine of Siena cares for the sick and buries the dead when the plague strikes Siena.

  • 1453

    Muslims conquer Constantinople and turn the Hagia Sophia into a mosque

  • 1492

    Christopher Coloumbus reaches the Americas