Internet and Schools Timeline

Timeline created by patrickjordan
  • Computers exchange data:

    “A joint industry-government committee develops ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange), the first universal standard for computers. It permits machines from different manufacturers to exchange data” (
  • The first commercially successful minicomputer is unveiled

  • First wide-area network connection

    “With ARPA [Advanced Research Projects Agency: US government program] funding, Larry Roberts and Thomas Marill create the first wide-area network connection” (
  • First APRANET message sent.

    "The ARPA Network (ARPANET), was the world's first operational packet switching network and the core network of a set that came to compose the global Internet" (wikipedia).
  • Time of the microprocessor

    “Intel’s release of the 4004, the first ‘computer on a chip,’ ushers in the epoch of the microprocessor” (
  • Thirty institutions across the globe are connected to the APRANET (computerhistory).

  • Microsoft is founded

  • Apple is founded

  • Introduction of Apple II computer for homes and small businesses

  • Launch of USENET: an early client server

    Launch of USENET: “an early example of a client server where users dial in to a server with requests to forward certain newsgroup postings” ( USENET allows Duke University to communicate with the University of North Carolina.
  • Ethernet introduced for commercial use

    "Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies for local area networks (LANs) commercially introduced in 1980” (wikipedia).
  • Several federal agengies use and support the Internet

    “NASA has ARPANET nodes, as do many Department of Energy (DOE) sites. Now several Federal agencies support the Internet, and the number is growing” (
  • Computer Science Network (CSNET) begins: a major milestone in Internet development

    “Its purpose was to extend networking benefits, for computer science departments at academic and research institutions that could not be directly connected to ARPANET, due to funding or authorization limitations. It played a significant role in spreading awareness of, and access to, national networking and was a major milestone on the path to development of the global Internet” (wikipedia).
  • IBM announces its first Personal Computer.

  • Computer assisted instruction gains acceptance in schools

  • Microsoft creates DOS.

  • Time magazine names ‘the computer’ its ‘Man of the Year.’

  • Microsoft Windows announced

  • Apple introduces the Macintosh, whose "user-friendly interface swells the ranks of new computer users” (

  • Computers are regularly used in USA classrooms

    31 states use 13,000 personal computers for career guidance, computer-based tutorials, and learning games are developed by software manufacturers.
  • Microsoft releases Windows 1.0

  • There are over 2,000 Internet hosts

  • Over 5,000 hosts on the Internet

  • Ethernet commonly used in business and schools

  • 10,000 hosts on the Internet

  • 25 million PCs are sold in the US

  • “This was the start of commercial Internet services in the United States (and possibly the world)” (

  • 100,000 hosts on Internet

  • World Wide Web introduced

    “Instead of an hierarchical or keyword organization, Berners-Lee proposes a hypertext system that will run across the Internet on different operating systems. This was the World Wide Web” (
  • ARPAnet ends

  • Multimedia Age in the Classroom

    Multimedia PC was developed in the schools using videodisc, object oriented multimedia such as simulations, educational database through the use of the CD-ROM disk. The beginning of what will become the "Multimedia Age in the Classroom".
  • The internet "delivers" audio and video.

    "The Internet is no longer just for machines to talk to each other” (
  • The launching of "Dr. Math": an internet website, which provides instruction and offers responses to questions

  • Evolution of Multimedia in Classrooms

    The evolution of multimedia in the classroom engages students with digital video, virtual reality, and 3-D systems. Object-oriented systems such as Hypercard, Hyperstudio, and Authorware grows in popularity in most U.S. classrooms.
  • First browsers transform a formerly text-based internet into a combination of text and graphics

  • NET Day with Clinton and Gore

    The beginning of the Internet age in the public schools was first initiated by President Bill Clinton and Vice-President Al Gore when they participated in NETDAY '96, spending the day at Ygnacio Valley High School, as part of the drive to connect California public schools to the Internet.
  • Telecommunications Act of 1996

    "The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was the first major overhaul of United States telecommunications law in nearly 62 years....This Act, signed by President Bill Clinton, was a major stepping stone towards the future of telecommunications, since this was the first time that the Internet was included in broadcasting and spectrum allotment" (wikipedia)
  • Interactive SmartBoards are used in classrooms.

  • Google is launched, and soon becomes the most popular search engine.

  • Technology skills guidelines are created by ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education)

  • Wireless, high-speed Internet technology begins to rival copper and fiber optic lines in the ground.

  • Digital Age in Classrooms

    "As the internet expands so do technologies in the classroom. In today's digital age, most to all school rely heavily on database information, graphics, steamline videos, digital images, and web-base site to increase student knowledge through research and project based learning" (
  • Number of Internet websites doubles to 20 million in just six months

  • Launch of Google Earth. Now, anyone with an internet connection can surf the globe by continent or by street.

  • YouTube is launched. Innumerable pet videos are posted and viewed.

  • AOL offers services for free, and will now earn money through advertising.

  • Teacher Tube is launched

  • Over 1 billion people use the Internet

  • Period: to

    Flourishing of social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn