History of Special Education and Inclusive Education Timeline

Timeline created by neilamarzouka
  • Council for Exceptional Children

    Council for Exceptional Children
    The International Council for the Education of Exceptional Children is organized by a group of administrators and supervisors attending the summer session at Teachers College, Columbia University, and their faculty members on August 10, 1922.
  • Brown v Board of Education

    Brown v Board of Education
    Laws which changed the rights of African American students and set the stage for changes in law related to students with disabilities.
    The Supreme Court found that African American students who attended segregated schools did not receive an education equal to their Caucasian peers.
    Because of the outcome of the Brown decision, parents of students with disabilities came forward and began demanding right for their children.
  • Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia

    Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia
    a lawsuit filed against the District of Columbia in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. The court ruled that students with disabilities must be given a public education even if the students are unable to pay for the cost of the education.[1] The case established that "all children are entitled to free public education and training appropriate to their learning capacities
  • PARC vs. Pennsylvania and Mills vs. D.C. Board of Education

    PARC vs. Pennsylvania and Mills vs. D.C. Board of Education
    Students with disabilities are to be educated with peers in a publicly funded school setting to meet "their individual educational needs, based on a proper and thorough evaluation"
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QtFmp3XduaQ
    https://www.rootedinrights.org/15321-revision-v1/
  • Section 504

    Section 504
    Section 504 is a part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits discrimination based upon disability. It requires the needs of students with disabilities to be met as adequately as the needs of non-disabled are met.
  • The Education of All Handicapted Children Act

    The Education of All Handicapted Children Act
    In 1975 Congress passed Public Law 94-142, also known as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, which defined and outlined that all public schools should provide all students with a free appropriate public education at public expense, without additional charges to parents or students, and must be under public supervision, as well as appropriate for the child's needs.
  • Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley

    Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley
    Rowley: An Appropriate Education Requires " Some Educational Benefits"
    Rowley was an important case because it established a broad standard to measure whether the IEP provides an appropriate education.
    Under the Rowley decision, an IEP must provide some educational benefit.
    Students must receive an appropriate education for their abilities
  • American with Disabilities Act

    American with Disabilities Act
    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1997

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1997
    the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997 requires every state to have in effect policies and procedures to ensure a free appropriate public education (FAPE) for all students with disabilities.
    https://www.apa.org/advocacy/education/idea/index.aspx
  • No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)

    No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)
    NCLB requires all states that accept Title I funds to bring all students to a proficient level in reading and math.All provisions contained in NCLB are designed to hold schools, school districts, and states accountable for student achievement.NCLB provisions apply to all students, including those whose disabilities require special education.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)
    In 2004, the United States Congress reauthorized the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The new law, now called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA), made several changes that are important for parents and advocates to understand. Allow parental input in decision making and maximizes the provision of appropriate education for students with disabilities.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66g6TbJbs2g