Founding Fathers Timeline

Timeline created by jamiealucas
In History
  • The Scalp Act

    The Scalp Act
    Scalping is the act of cutting or tearing a part of the human scalp, with hair attached, from the head, and generally occurred in warfare with the scalp being a trophy. ... Scalping independently developed in various cultures in both the Old and New Worlds.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party was a political and mercantile protest by the sons of liberty in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • the battles of Lexington and concord

    the battles of Lexington and concord
    DescriptionThe Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were fought on April 19, 1775 in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy, and Cambridge.
  • the declaration of independence is signed

    the declaration of independence is signed
    The Declaration of Independence was the first formal statement by a nation's people asserting their right to choose their own government.The Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence written largely by Jefferson in Philadelphia on July 4, a date now celebrated as the birth of American independence.
  • The Winter at valley forge

    The Winter at valley forge
    The particularly severe winter of 1777-1778 proved to be a great trial for the American army, and of the 11,000 soldiers stationed at Valley Forge, hundreds died from disease. However, the suffering troops were held together by loyalty to the Patriot cause and to General Washington, who stayed with his men.
  • Article of confederation are ratified

    Article of confederation are ratified
    The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781
  • The battle of Yorktown

    The battle of Yorktown
    The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the surrender at Yorktown, or the German Battle, ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

    The 3/5ths Compromise
    Three-fifths compromise, compromise agreement between delegates from the Northern and the Southern states at the United States Constitutional Convention (1787) that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives.
  • The constitution was ratified

    The constitution was ratified
    the Constitution became the official framework of the government of the United States of America when New Hampshire became the ninth of 13 states to ratify it. The journey to ratification, however, was a long and arduous process
  • Presidential inauguration of George Washington

    Presidential inauguration of George Washington
    DescriptionThe first inauguration of George Washington as the first President of the United States was held on Thursday, April 30, 1789 on the balcony of Federal Hall in New York City, New York. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of George Washington as President.
  • Washington’s farewell Address

    Washington’s farewell Address
    To announce his decision not to seek a third term as President, George Washington presented his Farewell Address in a newspaper article September 17, 1796
  • The Death of George Washington

    The Death of George Washington
    George Washington passed away of a throat infection. He was buried four days later in the family vault at Mount Vernon. George was a commander in chief of the continental Army during the American Revolution War and served two terms as the first US president.
  • Election day, 1800

    Election day, 1800
    The 1800 United States presidential election was the fourth presidential election. It was held from October 31 to December 3, 1800. In what is sometimes referred to as the "Revolution of 1800",[2][3] Vice President Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party defeated incumbent President John Adams of the Federalist Party. The election was a realigning election that ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republican leadership.
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    Madison, legal case in which, on February 24, 1803, the U.S. Supreme Court first declared an act of Congress unconstitutional, thus establishing the doctrine of judicial review.
  • Slave Trade Ends in the United States

    Slave Trade Ends in the United States
    The U.S. Congress passes an act to “prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States…from any foreign kingdom, place, or country.”
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    DescriptionThe Battle of Tippecanoe was fought on November 7, 1811 in Battle Ground, Indiana between American forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Indian forces associated
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. ... In 1854, the Missouri Compromise was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    DescriptionThe Indian Removal Act was signed into law on May 28, 1830, by United States President Andrew Jackson. The law authorized the president to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for white settlement of their ancestral lands.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    DescriptionThe Trail of Tears was a series of forced relocations of approximately 60,000 Native Americans between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government.
  • Nat Turner Rebellion

    Nat Turner Rebellion
    Nat Turner's Rebellion (also known as the Southampton Insurrection) was a rebellion of black slaves that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner. The rebels killed between 55 and 65 people, at least 51 of whom were white.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    DescriptionDred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393, often referred to as the Dred Scott decision, was a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court
  • the dead rabbits riot

    the dead rabbits riot
    DescriptionThe Dead Rabbits riot was a two-day civil disturbance in New York City evolving from what was originally a small-scale street fight between members of the Dead Rabbits and the Bowery Boys into a citywide gang war, which occurred July 4–5, 1857
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
  • the ku klux klan is established

    the ku klux klan is established
    The Ku Klux Klan commonly called the KKK or the Klan, is an American white supremacist hate group whose primary targets are African Americans, as well as Jews, immigrants, leftists, and homosexuals.
  • 14th amendment

    14th amendment
    All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
  • Josh D. Rockefeller creates standard oil

    Josh D. Rockefeller creates standard oil
    In 1870, he established Standard Oil, which by the early 1880s controlled some 90 percent of U.S. refineries and pipelines. Critics accused Rockefeller of engaging in unethical practices, such as predatory pricing and colluding with railroads to eliminate his competitors in order to gain a monopoly in the industry.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Alexander graham bell patents the telephone

    Alexander graham bell patents the telephone
    On March 7, 1876, Bell was granted his telephone patent. A few days later, he made the first-ever telephone call to Watson, allegedly uttering the now-famous phrase, “Mr. Watson, come here.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    DescriptionThe Battle of the Little Bighorn, known to the Lakota and other Plains Indians as the Battle of the Greasy Grass and also commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand
  • The great Oklahoma Land race

    The great Oklahoma Land race
    The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889 was the first land rush into the Unassigned Lands. ... The Unassigned Lands were considered some of the best unoccupied public land in the United States.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Battle of Wounded Knee
    The Wounded Knee Massacre, also known as the Battle of Wounded Knee, was a domestic massacre of nearly three hundred Lakota people, by soldiers of the United States Army.
  • Ellis Island Opens to process immigrants

    Ellis Island Opens to process immigrants
    Ellis Island is a historical site that opened in 1892 as an immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years until it closed in 1954. Located at the mouth of Hudson River between New York and New Jersey, Ellis Island saw millions of newly arrived immigrants pass through its doors.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark 1896 U.S. Supreme Court decision that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine. The case stemmed from an 1892 incident in which African American train passenger Homer Plessy refused to sit in a car for blacks.
  • The wizard of oz is published

    The wizard of oz is published
    The Wizard of Oz channels much of the optimistic worldview of modern Western culture. Moreover, the film's popularity has made it an efficient means of socializing this worldview to the millions who watch it for the first time.
  • teddy Roosevelt becomes president of the united states

    teddy Roosevelt becomes president of the united states
    Roosevelt took office as vice president in March 1901 and assumed the presidency at age 42 after McKinley was assassinated the following September. He remains the youngest person to become President of the United States.
  • J.P. Morgan founds the U.S. steel

    J.P. Morgan founds the U.S. steel
    J. P. Morgan formed U.S. Steel on March 2, 1901 (incorporated on February 25) by financing the merger of Andrew Carnegie's Carnegie Steel Company with Elbert H. Gary's Federal Steel Company and William Henry "Judge" Moore's National Steel Company for $492 million ($15.12 billion today).
  • ford motor company is founded

    ford motor company is founded
    Model T. Model T, automobile built by the Ford Motor Company from 1908 until 1927. Conceived by Henry Ford as practical, affordable transportation for the common man, it quickly became prized for its low cost, durability, versatility, and ease of maintenance
  • ida Tarbell publishes her article about standard oil

    ida Tarbell publishes her article about standard oil
    Tarbell Exposes The Standard Oil Company
    Her study of Rockefeller's practices as he built Standard Oil into one of the world's largest business monopolies took many years to complete. McClure's Magazine published it in 19 installments.
  • the 16th amendment is passed

    the 16th amendment is passed
    The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution allows Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states on the basis of population. It was passed by Congress in 1909 in response to the 1895 Supreme Court case of Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co.
  • Angel island opens to process immigrants

    Angel island opens to process immigrants
    This zone was known as China Cove. It was built for controlling Chinese entry into the United States. From 1910 to 1940, Angel Island served as an immigration station processing immigrants from 84 different countries, approximately one million being Chinese immigrants.
  • the 17th amendment is passed

    the 17th amendment is passed
    Passed by Congress May 13, 1912, and ratified April 8, 1913, the 17th amendment modified Article I, section 3, of the Constitution by allowing voters to cast direct votes for U.S. Senators. Prior to its passage, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.
  • The empire state building opens

    The empire state building opens
    The Empire State Building is a symbol of everything New York City is known for: ambition, innovation, a competitive spirit, and sheer will. Construction: Construction began on March 17, 1930, and President Herbert Hoover officially opened it on May 1, 1931.