Classical Period Timeline

Timeline created by jwhite060
In History
  • 5,000 BCE

    Bananas

    Used in China as a food and crop.
  • 3,000 BCE

    Muziris

    Famous trading market. Ceramics were mostly traded and bought here. This was also in sight from the sea.
  • 2,500 BCE

    Disease

    Disease became a problem when more people started to travel to new places.
  • 1,850 BCE

    Canal connecting Nile to Red Sea

    Built to make trade easier with the islands along the Indian Ocean. This route was a time-saving route.
  • 1,600 BCE

    Language Difficulty

    Travelers could not understand each other because they all used a different way of communicating.
  • 1,500 BCE

    Gemstones

    Used to add color to crown, necklaces, sword handles and drinking cups.
  • 1,200 BCE

    Camel Saddle

    Helped to provide support to the camel's body. The camel was better able to carry heavy loads as well as comfortably sit the passenger.
  • 1,100 BCE

    Phoenician Ships

    Ship that was designed to carry a huge amount of goods and about 20 men. The ships design was one to haul all items as well as allow for easy travel and see the direction being traveled.
  • 1,000 BCE

    Phoenicans

    Led in travel. They were known forproducts made of glass. Traveled further than anyone else and made many advanced ships and used navigation techniques big for their time. Created a writing system and alphabet to help travelers to communicate better.
  • 1,000 BCE

    Mediterranean Sea Routes

    These were better suited for heavy things.
  • -980 BCE

    Sri Lanka

    A buddhist monument that linked eastern and western parts of Indian Ocean. This became a huge place of trade, the island was known for its cinnamon. Many travelers conducted trade here.
  • -950 BCE

    Taking over land

    Travelers started to take over each others land while trying to expand their area on trade routes
  • -940 BCE

    Aksum

    This was a place of huge international trade. Linked to the Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Had many exports including gold and spices. Many foreign trades came there because of its easy access.
  • -920 BCE

    Price

    Travelers were not able to afford the trade price of some goods they they really needed/wanted.
  • -800 BCE

    Kamal

    A device used to observe the latitude at sea. Used the horizon and position of a certain star to figure out latitude. This information was used by the pilot to go to certain latitudes where the port cities were.
  • -800 BCE

    Indian Ocean Trade

    Linked to trade there because of the strong winds that could help the boats to move.
  • -700 BCE

    Kaveripattinam

    Major port city where warehouses were to allow travelers to stay if they needed to. Many goods were sold there including gold and perals. Many markets came together to sell their products.
  • -610 BCE

    Pharaoh Necho II

    The one who began construction on the canal between the Red Sea and Nile River. He stopped the project when the canal would be sandy and promote easy access. Sent phoenicians on a journey so he can better understand the surrounding water.
  • -600 BCE

    Navigation by Polaris

    Also called "Little Dipper" does not change position and was a good indicator of the north direction. This allowed travelers to use this to ensure they stayed on track.
  • -520 BCE

    Pepper

    Luxury good that could be used for medicine and to cook.
  • -515 BCE

    Scylax of Caryanda

    Went to explore different trade routes and became known for them. He brought good news of the region he travelled and said trade should start there.
  • -510 BCE

    Alexander the Great

    Founded Alandria, this became a major place of trade. He was the one that paved the way for interactions and exchanges of culture.
  • -500 BCE

    Ancient Fishing Boats

    Flat bottomed boat made of materials to resist rot. These boats were used for both fishing and helping to unload boats that docked offshore.
  • -500 BCE

    Angkor Borei and OC Eco

    These sites were rich in farmland. Had canals that helped travelers along the way. Helped to transfer goods from Indian Ocean and South China sea ports into trade routes.
  • -350 BCE

    Sugar Cane

    Used for its taste, to make juice and to feed to animals. This was known as a luxury.
  • -331 BCE

    Alexandria

    Area of alot of international trade. Since it had a location on the Mediterranean Sea and Nile River it was popular on many trade routes.
  • -300 BCE

    Arikamedu

    This was a very important place for trading with Rome. The trading post was huge for them. This site was where stone and glass beads were made. Rome learned many things and could trade for pottery.
  • -300 BCE

    Lost Caravan City of Ubar

    Routes usually travelled by camel. The city was a huge place of trade because of the many items that were available there.
  • -273 BCE

    Palmyra

    Wealthy trade route along the caravan routes. Connected the silk road and incense road. Had many goods pass through.
  • -250 BCE

    Silk

    Made by silk worms and was a key trade on the silk road.
  • -207 BCE

    Cloves

    Dried buds of flower used to freshen peoples breath.
  • -200 BCE

    Vyadhapura, Capital of Funan

    City that had many thing including libraries, canals and boats. This was a location many went to do business. This location was also used for good farming. The winds that passed by helped travelers t get boats going.
  • -139 BCE

    Zhang Qian

    One of the early explorers of what is known as the silk route. When brought back music and many fruits it encouraged others to go there.
  • -130 BCE

    Silk Routes

    Made it easy to trade and let people have access to many materials.
  • -65 BCE

    Cinnamon and Cassia

    They were traded often because they looked like each other. They also added flavor when they are cooking.
  • -44 BCE

    Starbo the Geographer

    Traveled to different ports to hear about other places. His map gave a look at the location and size of the other places that were talked about.
  • -26 BCE

    Isodorus of Carax

    Wrote books talking about the geography in amny locations. He showed one route that was very well known. He also wrote about important figures before they were famous.
  • 275

    Berenike

    This was a port city on the Red Sea. Usually this port was used to trade with India. The port was used as an access when items were being imported.
  • 1296

    Barygaza

    A difficult port to be reached. Had to be brought in on smaller boats. This still was important because of the great fisherman that lived there.