civil war timeline

Timeline created by samle23
In History
  • Abe Lincoln Elected

    Abe Lincoln Elected
    Lincoln elected. South angered. Sugnificants- he got to be president.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Forty hours of continuous shelling before the fort fell to the South. By this time one-fifth of the fort was on fire. The Southern commander gave permission for all the Union troops to leave safely and the Southern troops took over the fort. significents- First major battle of the civil war.
  • Lincoln orders blockade of the South

    Lincoln orders blockade of the South
    President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports. For the duration of the war the blockade limits the ability of the rural South to stay well supplied in its war against the industrialized North.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    Bull Run was the largest and bloodiest battle in American history up to that point then General Bee was mortally wounded and died the following day.
  • Monitor vs. Virginia naval battle

    Monitor vs. Virginia naval battle
    The naval battle between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (the old USS "Merrimack"), the first "ironclads", is fought in Hampton Roads, Virginia. significants-it was the first time they used iron clads in a battle.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Confederate surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in a bitter struggle with 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates, more men than in all previous American wars combined. The president is then pressured to relieve Grant but resists. "I can't spare this man; he fights," Lincoln says.
  • Seven Days Battles

    Seven Days Battles
    It took place between June 25 – July 1, 1862 was a series of six major battles over the seven days.
  • 2nd Battle of Bull Run

    2nd Battle of Bull Run
    5,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia. Once again the Union Army retreats to Washington. The president then relieves Pope.
  • Antietam

    The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces. By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. Lee then withdraws to Virginia.
  • Emancipation Proclamation issued

    Emancipation Proclamation issued
    Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves issued by President Lincoln.
  • Emancipation Proclamation takes effect

    Emancipation Proclamation takes effect
    President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery.
  • Battle at Chancellorsville

    May 1-4, 1863The Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers. Hooker retreats. Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13, 000 out of 60,000.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    July 1-3, 1863 The tide of war turns against the South as the Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, surrenders to Gen. Grant and the Army of the West after a six week siege. With the Union now in control of the Mississippi, the Confederacy is effectively split in two, cut off from its western allies.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery at Gettysburg. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address.
  • Battle at Chattanooga

    Battle at Chattanooga
    November 23-25, 1863The Rebel siege of Chattanooga ends as Union forces under Grant defeat the siege army of Gen. Braxton Bragg. During the battle, one of the most dramatic moments of the war occurs. Yelling "Chickamauga! Chickamauga!" Union troops avenge their previous defeat at Chickamauga by storming up the face of Missionary Ridge without orders and sweep the Rebels from what had been though to be an impregnable position. "My God, come and see 'em run!" a Union soldier cries.
  • Ulysses S. Grant takes over the Union Army

    Ulysses S. Grant takes over the Union Army
    President Lincoln appoints Gen. Grant to command all of the armies of the United States. Gen. William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west.
  • Sherman captures Atlanta

    Atlanta is captured by Sherman's Army. "Atlanta is ours, and fairly won," Sherman telegraphs Lincoln. The victory greatly helps President Lincoln's bid for re-election.
  • Abraham Lincoln re-elected

    Abraham Lincoln re-elected
    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan. Lincoln carries all but three states with 55 percent of the popular vote and 212 of 233 electoral votes. "I earnestly believe that the consequences of this day's work will be to the lasting advantage, if not the very salvation, of the country," Lincoln tells supporters.
  • Sherman begins march to the sea

    After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln on advice from Grant approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts.
  • Savannah, GA falls to the Union

    Sherman reaches Savannah in Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta. Sherman then telegraphs Lincoln, offering him Savannah as a Christmas present.
  • 13th Amendment passed

    13th Amendment passed
    The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to abolish slavery. The amendment is then submitted to the states for ratification. significents-the 13th amendment was passed.
  • Union Army moves in and occupies Richmond, VA.

    Union troops occupy Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia.
  • Robert E. Lee surrenders

    Robert E. Lee surrenders
    Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Grant allows Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permits soldiers to keep horses and mules.
  • Abraham Lincoln shot and killed

    Abraham Lincoln shot and killed
    The Stars and Stripes is ceremoniously raised over Fort Sumter. That night, Lincoln and his wife Mary see the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater. At 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head. Doctors attend to the president in the theater then move him to a house across the street. He never regains consciousness. segnificents- John Wilks booth got his leg broken and Aberham Lincon died.
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