American Revolution -- Connell

Timeline created by cassieconnell
  • End of French and Indian War

    End of French and Indian War
    The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War. The French received all land from the Mississippi River west, while the British received all land from the Mississippi River east.
  • The Proclamation of 1763

    Post French/Indian War. Kept colonist off Native American Lands to keep the peace. Also kept the colonist close and easier to control. Taxes needed to be paid for the troops that fought in the French and Indian War. Colonists didn't like this, so they started smuggling goods.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act. Patrick Henry took action in a assembly. Assembly passed a resolution declaring "the only and sole exclusive right and power to law taxes" on its citizens. Samuel Adams of Boston led Sons of Liberty in burning effigies of unpopular tax collectors in Boston. Stamp Act Congress, rep of 9 colonies.
  • Townshed Act

    In 1767 Parliament passes Townshed Act. Tax imported goods like glass, tea, and paper. Paid when goods arrived before brought into colonies. Daughters of Liberty encouraged boycotts on imported items like British fabrics. Any tax angered colonists
  • Trouble in Massachusetts

    British officials sent word to Britain that colonies were on the brink of rebellion. Redcoats set up camp in center of city. British Act went to far for some colonies. Soldiers in Boston were rude. Redcoats are poor men and only earned little pay.
  • Boston Massacre Continue

    Boston Massacre Continue
    Some leaders used killings as propaganda. Samuel Adams posters described the Boston Massacre "Slaughter of innocent Americans by blood thirst redcoats." Paul Revere engraving shows that a British Officer giving order to open fire on crowd. The colonists ended boycotts except tea.
  • Boston Massacre

    Violence had erupted. A fight had happened between Bostonian and soldiers. Town people threw sticks and stones at the soldiers. Redcoats fired and 2 were injured and three died. Crispus Attucks was a dockworker, part African, part Native American was the first killed in Massacre. The colonists called this "The Boston Massacre"
  • A Tea Party

    A Tea Party
    The Tea Act removed some but not all taxes on tea. This makes it less expensive for colonists. But the colonists were angry and did not want to pay any kind of taxes or be told what kind of tea they can and can't by. Daughters of Liberty made a pamphlet saying rather than parting with our freedom, "we'll part with our tea". In 1773, three ships loaded with tea came to Boston Harbor. Dec. 16, colonist dressed as native americans boarded the ship and threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    King George the third realized Britain was losing control of the colonies. Parliament passed the Coercive Acts which were meant to punish colonists for resisting British Authority. Massachusetts received harsh treatment and their town meetings got banned. They also closed Boston Harbor until colonists paid for the ruined tea. Parliament tried cutting Massachusetts from other colonies but instead it brought them together and other colonies were helping Boston.
  • Great Britain sends troops

    King George told Parliament that New England Colonies were " in state of rebellion". April pf 1775, thousands of British troops were in and around Boston with more on the way. Thomas Gage ordered to seize the weapons from Massachusetts militia and arrest leaders.
  • Great Britain sends troops continue

    April 18, 1775 protest leader Dr. Joseph Warren walked through Boston and watched for unusual activity by the British. He saw troops marching out of Boston and Warren alerted Paul Revere and William Dawes (members of Sons of Liberty). Revere and Dawes rode into Lexington to spread word. Samuel Adams was ready to fight and the British captured Revere and Dawes. The redcoats ran into about 70 minutemen and a shot was fired but no one knows where it came from. Eight minutemen died.
  • Great Britain sends troops continue

    All along the roads, colonists hid behind trees and fired at soldiers. By the time the redcoats made it to Boston, 174 were wounded and 73 were dead.
  • The Battle of Bunker Hill

    The Battle of Bunker Hill
    On June 16,1775 militia commanded by Colonel William Prescott to set up posts on Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill. Low on ammo, Prescott ordered "Don't fire until you see the white's of their eyes." Americans opened fire and the British retreated. Americans ran out of gun powder and had to withdraw. The Battle of Breed's Hill became known as The Battle of Bunker Hill and the British won. More thank 1000 British were wounded or dead.
  • Battles of Trent and New Jersey

    Battles of Trent and New Jersey
    The battle was small during the American Revolutionary War in Trenton, New Jersey. After the battle almost two-thirds of the Hessian force was captured. Americans won the battle led by George Washington.
  • 1776 thru 1778 - Manumission

  • Jefferson Writes Declaration of Independence

    Jefferson Writes Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was an official act taken by all of the 13 colonies declaring independence. They didn't want anything to do with the British. Thomas Jefferson wrote the DOI on July 4 of 1776.
  • American and British- Battle of Saratoga

    American and British- Battle of Saratoga
    The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point of the Revolutionary War. General John Burgoyne lost 86 percent of his army. Gates American army was positioned between Burgoyne's army and Albany. The troops crashed together south of the town of Saratoga and Burgoyne’s army was broken. Americans got the victory.
  • Howe Captures Philadelphia

  • Articles of Confederation

    The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777. It served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the US after it declared independence from Britain.
  • Congress Prohibits Enslaved people imported to the US

    Congress Prohibits Enslaved people imported to the US
    In 1778 Thomas Jefferson introduced a Virginia law prohibiting the importation of enslaved Africans. In 1874 he proposed a ban on slavery in Northwest Territory.
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge was a hard time for the Americans . Many soldiers didn't have the proper clothing and lacked food. The most common disease was influenza, typhus, typhoid fever, and dysentery. At the end of the six month period, about 2,000 people have died.
  • 1777 thru 1778- State Constitutions

    When the state legislature presented the voters with a proposed constitution in 1778. It was rejected because the people thought that this was too important an issue for the government to present to the people.
  • John Paul Jones and Serapis

    In 1779, John Paul Jones took command of the Bonhomme Richard and sailed around the British Isles. In September the Bonhomme Richard engaged the Serapis and the smaller Countless of Scarborough.( the Baltic merchant fleet.)
  • Spain Declares War on Great Britian

    Spain declared war on Great Britain in 1779 and together with France to set a recovery on lost territory. Spain's main goal was the recovery of Gibraltar and Minorca.
  • British Forces capture Charles Town

    British Forces capture Charles Town
    December of 1779, General Henry Clinton left New York City with a fleet of ninety troopships, fourteen warships, and more than 13,500 soldiers and sailors.
  • British Surrender at Yorktown

    British Surrender at Yorktown
    General Cornwallis took 8000 British troops to Yorktown.They excepted help from the British ships that were sent from New York but the ships never showed.George Washington had help from the French.The French navy stopped British ships from entering the York River/the Chesapeake Bay.General Jean-Baptiste Rochambeau also joined Washington.Together they had a army of 17000 soldiers to take Yorktown back.The British ran out of food and ammunition.Cornwallis had no other choice but to surrender.
  • 1781-1783~ Plans for First Fed. Tax

  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States. After the British loss at Yorktown, Paris started talking about peace in April of 1782. This conversation was with Richard Oswarld ( Great Britain) and American Peace Commissioners Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams. The Treaty was not signed until September 3, 1783.
  • Spain closed lower Mississippi River to American Western Settlers

    Spain wanted to stop American expansion into its territory. Spain closed the lower Mississippi River to American shipping in 1784.
  • The Ordinance of 1785

    The Land Ordinance of 1785 was adopted by the US Congress of the Confederation on May 20, 1785. It set up a standardized system where settlers could purchase title to farmland in the undeveloped west.
  • The Northwest Ordinance

    The Northwest Ordinance was adopted July 13, 1787 by the Confederation Congress, chartered government for the Northwest Territory, provided a method for admitting new states to the Union from the territory.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion was an armed uprising in Western Massachusetts in opposition to a debt crisis among the citizenry and the state governments increased efforts to collect taxes both on individuals and their trades.
  • May of 1787 - Convention

    The constitutional Convention took place from May 14 to September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The point of the event was decided how America was going to be governed.
  • Sept 17th of '87 - Signing of the Constitution

  • Dec 7th of '87 - Delaware fist state to approve Constitution

    On December 7,1787 the delegates, meeting in Dover at Battell's Tavern. Unanimously made Delaware the first state to ratify the US constitution.
  • June 21st of '88 - New Hampshire ratifies Constitution

    New Hampshire became the ninth state to accept the Constitution on June 21, 1788, which officially ended government under the Articles of Confederation. It was not until May 29, 1790, that the last state , Rhode Island finally ratified the Constitution.
  • Land Act of 1800

    1800, congress passed the Land Act and it made it easier for people to buy land in territory. People had to buy at least 320 acres of land for $2 per acre.