American History

Timeline created by Anique Gruia
In History
  • The Bicycle

    The Bicycle
    Today the bicycle seems very normal or even underused. However when it first grew popularity it became a turning point for woman’s suffrage. New clothes were made for women which resembled more masculine attire. Which soon kickstarted the general idea of equality between sexes and changed the way women dressed and lived.
  • Trade with Japan

    Trade with Japan
    Commodore Mathew Perry sailed to Tokyo Bay which was exclusive to the Emperor and his fleets. He persisted and used his large ships and weapons to threaten the Japanese. Through passive threats and persuasion Japan finally agreed to open trade with America. After opening trade with Japan America grew to become a World Power and dominated trade with numerous countries after.
  • Golden Spike Ceremony

    Golden Spike Ceremony
    As the last railroad track was laid in Prommetory Summit, Utah; a ceremony was held so that the great officials of the railroad construction could be present in the last spike sealing the end of the great railroad. The four spikes were large 17.6 gold spike that was hammered in by Union Pacific President Leland Stanford pounded the spikes in; that were later replaced with real iron spikes for practicality.
  • Carrie Nation and the Temperance Act

    Carrie Nation and the Temperance Act
    She is famously known as the lady with the hatchet who violently protested against drugs and alcohol. She often would enter saloons and start smashing and wrecking everything is hopes that it would shut down the bars. Despite backlash and jail time the famous activist became a strong pillar of the Temperance act. The Temperance Act banned all smoking and alcohol and was passed June 2, 1851.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Granted any person to own public land in the west that was unsettled. The requirements of officially owning it was the settler had to live and toil for five years prior. Any person who was at least 21 years or the head of a family could become owner of a homestead of 160 acres. This act helped many poor people become land owners and sustain themselves as well as build their success.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Issued on January 1, 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. In attempt to change the goals of the Civil War and the unity between both North and South; declaring that the freedom of slaves in rebellious states would be set free.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    Some of the Cheyenne raided passing wagons and settlements. Many settlers go very angry and complained to the governor of Colorado. The governor granted the natives peace and safety from the American settlers while he solved the conflict resided. One day they were all of a sudden attacked by Gen. Custer and his men who slaughtered 150-500 Native Americans.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13 amendment officially freed all slaves in all states. Ratified in December 6 of 1865 by Abraham Lincoln. It stated “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” This amendment changed the course of history completely and changed thousands of lives, granting freedom and dignity to slaves all throughout America.
  • Reconstruction Acts

     Reconstruction Acts
    There where three major acts passed in 1867. Military Reconstruction Act restarted the reconstruction in the 10 southern states that rebuked and refused to ratify the 14th amendment. It also divided the 10 ‘unreconstructed states’ into 5 military districts. The Command of Army Act ensured that the President must issue reconstruction orders through the commander of military. The Tenure of Office Act forbade the President to remove any official without the Senate’s Consent.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    Civil Rights Act of 1875
    These acts where created to stop discrimination against freed African Americans. It affirmed the “equality of all men before law.” It guaranteed equal treatment in places such as public transport, public accommodations and the right to serve in the jury.
  • Statue of Liberty

    Statue of Liberty
    This iconic monument was designed by Frederick Auguste Bartholdi. It was gifted by the French to the Americans as celebrating the United States one hundred years of independence. Which officially started after the declaration of independence was signed. Located in New York City near Ellis island lady liberty has been a beacon of hope and relief not only for American citizens but millions of immigrants coming to the US to achieve the “American Dream” .
  • The Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act
    It was a bill encouraging the Native Americans to assimilate with American culture, in addition to moving them onto reservations. They were expected to wear civilized clothes, cultivate the ground, ride wagons, on property, living houses, and send their children to school. This law however was not effective and eventually failed due to the amount of backlash amongst the tribes and reservations
  • Invention of Basketball

    Invention of Basketball
    As industries boomed and machinery took over America many people found themselves gifted with a lot more leisure time than before. The entertainment industry was beginning to become a popular pastime, sports being one of the largest. Invented by James Naismith - Basketball soon became a classic American sport that currently continues to entertain millions worldwide.
  • Ellis Island

    Ellis Island
    Ellis island was an immigration center located on Ellis Island in New York. Through these “golden gates” millions of immigrants entered and applied to become citizens. Many immigrated to America to escape persecution, mistreatment, poverty, and two overall start a new life in the land of opportunities and freedom,
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    After the purchase of Alaska rumors quickly spread of gold found in the great mountains in the Yukon. Just like the California gold rush many quickly came in hope to find their fortune. 100,000 people set off for a 6 month period to search for gold and only 30,000 returned.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    This famous case debated the morality of Americas segregation and racial injustice. White and black students, adults, and anyone who had the slightest connection to black or African roots where to live their lives segregated from the rest of society. The court eventually ruled that segregation was legal as long as facilities were "separate but equal."
  • The Grandfather Clause

    The Grandfather Clause
    In addition to other laws and voting regulations, used to disable the freed black community from voting. The Grandfather Clause simply allowed men to vote if their grandfather had or was eligible to vote.Certain voting laws where made specifically to exclude the black community from voting. However even those laws still disabled the poor and illiterate white population. Therefore this law was put into place in order to include as many white votes as possible.
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    After months of propaganda spreading and conflict rising between the Cubans and Spaniards. A ship was sent to Havana harbor to provide an intimidating presence towards the Spaniards. Who were ruling Cuba at the time. However one day the Maine blew up killing 260 soldiers. The immediate speculation was that the Spanish army had bombed the ship. On April 25, 1898 congress declared war of Spain which then jump started the entire Spanish American war.
  • Battle at Manila Bay

    Battle at Manila Bay
    As the war progressed, Spain’s other conquered country - Philippines started fighting with the Americans too. The battle at Manila Bay was lead by Commodore George Dewey. Him and his army defeated the Spanish navy in Philippines after only 6 hours of battle.
  • Foraker Act

    Foraker Act
    Post Spanish - American War Americans where now in charge of many smaller countries including Puerto Rico. Despite the fact that Puerto Rico is still under American ‘ownership’; Puerto Rican’s have a very separate culture than the typical American settlement . They were given their own government under the Foraker Act in 1900. Later in 1917 they were given U.S. citizenship, despite them not being an official state.
  • 1902 Coal Strike

    1902 Coal Strike
    During President Roosevelt’s presidency, amidst the progressive era, coal miners unsatisfied with their conditions lead a huge strike. Like many other workers they wanted 9 hr work days, increase in wages, and the right to unionize. Head boss’ were unwilling to settle but Roosevelt mediated the debate and soon settled for a compromise that both sides would like. This created an expectation that the government should step in and help or deal with issues like this and many others.
  • Picketing of the White House

    Picketing of the White House
    Along the numerous ways women protested picketing was the most influential and caused protesters to later be arrested. Using Woodrow Wilson’s own words and peacefully standing outside on the White House gates suffragettes had no reason to be arrested. Once WWI began they didn’t cease to stand outside the White House every day. They were later arrested for obstruction of traffic and suffered greatly in jail, nevertheless they still prevailed and went of hunger strike.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    After years of struggle and protest the amendment granting votes for women was finally passed. The amendment was passed by one vote from Tennessee. This gave hope and freedom to millions of American women who fought for equality and were slowly knocking down the barrier between men and women.
  • Alaska and Hawaii

    Alaska and Hawaii
    Alaska and Hawaii are currently the only two states that are not apart of the mainland. Alaska bought by Seward from the Russians provided America with numerous resources. Hawaii was also gained by Americans post Spanish American War. Both states have provided many reasons