Nursing: A Historical View

Timeline created by mpbella
  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    She was appointed superintendent of army nurses for Civil War service. She also inspired legislatures in fifteen states to establish state hospitals for the mentally ill.
  • Mary Ann Bickerdyke

    Mary Ann Bickerdyke
    Mary Ann was an organizer and cheif of nursing, hospital and welfare services for the western armies under the command of Ulysses S. Grant during the American Civil War. She was given the nickname "Mother" by union soldiers.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    Led the United States to sign the Geneva Agreement, creating the Red Cross in the United States. She was the president for 22 years.
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    At the age of 15 Linda was one of five students that was enrolled at the University of Zurich and had been trained for surgery there. She later returned to Boston in 1878 to work at the Boston Hospital where she established a nurse training school.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    Mahoney became one of the first black nurses to graduate from nursing school. She became an inspiration to The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses and helped make it possible to be recieved at the White House by President Warren G. Harding.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    She implemented an array of reforms that set standards for nursing education. Most of these standards are still followed today.
  • Mary Adelaide Nutting

    Mary Adelaide Nutting
    She became assistant superintendent of the nursing school and later she became superintendent. In 1907,Nutting became the first woman at Columbia University to hold professorship.
  • Lilian Wald

    Lilian Wald
    She was the founder of the Henry Street Settlement, Lillian Wald is widely regarded as the founder of visiting nursing in the United States and Canada
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    She wrote Materia Medica for Nurses, one of the first nursing textbooks. She was also secretary of the International Council of Nurses for more than 20 years.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    Sanger gave up nursing to dedicate herself to distribution of birth control information. In 1914 she founded the National Birth Control League.
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    Goodrich established the United States Student Nurse Reserve, more commonly known as the Army School of Nursing.
  • Virginia Henderson

    Virginia Henderson
    She entered the Army School of Nursing and recieved her diploma in 1921. In 1979 the Connecticut Nurses Association established the Virginia Henderson Award for outstanding contributions to nursing research.
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    Breckinridge arrived in Leslie County, Kentucky to announce her intent to bring a nursing and midwifery service. She hired six nurse midwives that was trained in England and Scotland to provide healthcare and to attend to the births on their daily rounds of the county.
  • Ida V. Moffett

    Ida V. Moffett
    created standardized nursing education. Formed degree programs for nursing, closed substandard nursing schools, organized hospital peer groups, licensed practical nursing, started junior college-level degree programs for nurses.
  • Hildegard Peplau

    Hildegard Peplau
    Theorised the interpersonal process- Nursing is viewed as an interpersonal process involving interaction between two or more individuals, which has its common goal assisting the individual who is sick or in need of health care.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory. She came up with the Orem model of nursing. In simplest terms, this theory states that nurses have to supply care when the patients cannot provide care to themselves.
  • Lillian Holland Harvey

    Lillian Holland Harvey
    Harvey completed her own doctor of education degree from Teachers College at Columbia University. In 1978, she was the first person named Dean Emeritus by Tuskegee University.
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    Martha Rogers presented her evolutionary model in 1970 with the publication of An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing. She also established the Visiting Nurse Service of Phoenix, Arizona.
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Theorised the theme of caring being conprised as 10 carative factors. They focus on the spiritual subjective aspects of nurses and patients.
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    Leininger is the foundress of the worldwide Transcultural Nursing Movement. She remains one of the most prolific writers throughout the world in the field of cultural care.