Historical Nurses

Timeline created by cfbarron
  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    Traveled to East Chambridge Jail and realized the appalling conditions at the facility wer no place for people with mental conditions. She would begin traveling to jails and almshouses all over the United States reforming the treatment and conditions of the facilities.
  • Mary Ann Bickerdyke

    Mary Ann Bickerdyke
    Became known as "Mother" Bickerdyke to the Union soldiers she cared for at the Fort Donelson field hospital during the beginning of the Civil War. She would also be responsible for the survival of the small town of Ciaro, Illinois by delivering much needed medical supplies.
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    After her graduation from nursing school she would move to New York and work at the Bellevue Hospital, here she designed a system for keeping seperate records for each patient. Her system would be adopted by St. Thomas Hospital, which was founded by Florence Nightingale.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    She was the only black, and one of only three, graduates from nursing school in that year. She would change the face of nursing, and made it possible for black students who met the requirements to enter into nursing schools.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    Founded the American Red Cross, at the time it was set up to aid soldiers during the Civil War. It would grow to its modern form in 1884 when Barton and other members collected supplies and aided survivors victimized by the Midwestern flood of that same year.
  • Lavina Dock

    Lavina Dock
    Complied her drug manuel for nurses called "Materia Medica for Nurses." The book detailed known drugs and uses in that time period and would begin the study of them in nursing schools.
  • Mary Adelaide Nutting

    Mary Adelaide Nutting
    Became superintendent of John Hopkins Hospital School of Nursing, which she was also one of the first graduates of. She would expand the ciriculum, introduce the clinical training phase, and establish an 8 hour working day for nurses.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    Founded the Nurse's Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada, later named the National League of Nursing. It was the premier organization for nurses both students and leaders, in education, faculty development, networking, testing, research grants, and public policy.
  • Lillian Wald

    Lillian Wald
    Founded the Henry Street Settlement, which employed many other influential nurses. She was also known as the founder "visiting nursing," or what is commonly known today as Home Health/Care Nursing.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    Founded the American Birth Control League which advocated the use of birth control, and the "dangers of uncontrolled procreation." This program would later be renamed and become the modern Planned Parenthood Association.
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    Became the first Dean of Nursing at Yale University. This would be the first nursing school set up soley as a school for nurses, with its own dean, faculty, budget, and degree standards.
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    Started the Frontier Nursing Service in the Appalachian region of Kentucky, to provide health care to poor people who lived in the mountain settlements. She would train midwives to practice throughout Kentucky, greatly reducing both infant and maternal mortality rates.
  • Lillian Holland Harvey

    Lillian Holland Harvey
    Created and lead the first baccalaureate of nursing program in the state of Alabama. In 1978 she would become the first Dean of Nursing at Tuskegee University in Alabama.
  • Hildegard Peplau

    Hildegard Peplau
    Created the term "psychodynamic nursing" which involved four phases: orientation, indentification, exploitation, and resolution. She emphasized the need for a good nurse-client relationship and explained six roles every nurse must play: stranger role, resource role, counseling role, surrogate role, and active leadership.
  • Virginia Henderson

    Virginia Henderson
    Recieved funding for the Nursing Studies Index Project. The outcome of this project was a four volume Nursing Studies Index, that became the first annotated index of nursing research.
  • Ida Moffett

    Ida Moffett
    Became the directior of the largest nursing school in Alabama, The Birmingham Baptist Medical Center School of Nursing. She would develop the first licensed practical nursing programs in the state of Alabama, and the first two-year nursing degree.
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    Created her theory called the Science of Unitary Human Beings, which would explain how humans and their environments were "infinate fields of energy in constant motion." She would also publish her book "An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing."
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Established her "Self-Care Deficit Theory" of Nursing. And would write the famous "Nursing: Concepts of Practice," now in its 6th Edition.
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Published her theory of nursing called "the philosophy and science of caring." She believed that the main focus in nursing was to care, saying nursing needed to develop "humanistic philosophies and value systems." She would show the need for nurses to have strong liberal arts backgrounds.
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    Founded the Transcultural Nursing Movement and the Culture Care Diversity and Universiality Theory, detailing how a "professional nurse interacts with the concept of culture." She explained that "culturally congruent care is essential for clients for the well being or to gain and remain healthy."