1800-1876

Timeline created by katelyngp.16
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    Second Great Awakening

    One of the most influential religious movements in American history. It started off around 1800 and it converted souls, reorganized churches and created new sects. It affected religion, but it also spread to other areas of American life. Temperance, prison reform, and the Women's Suffrage movement were all affected by the religious revival.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    President Jefferson doubles the size of America with his purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France,which paves the way for western expansion that would mark the entire history of the 19th century from Missouri to the Pacific Coast. The price of the purchase included bonds of $11,250,000 and $3,750,000 in payments to United States citizens with claims against France.
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    War of 1812

    Mostly resulted from two causes: America's desire to maintain neutral and still participate in foreign trade and a dislike of Great Britain from the colonial and Revolutionary era. Fought between French, British, and Americans. Resulted in a stronger sense of nationalism.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Proposed by Henry Clay to maintain a sectional balance and allow Missouri to enter as a slave state while Maine entered free. It also split the Democratic-Republican party.
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    Trail of Tears

    Thousand of Cherokees and other Natives are forcibly marched from their lands to reservations in Oklahoma. Decimated relationships between Native Americans and the American government.
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    Texas Revolution

    Texans declared independence from the government of Mexico. Important battles such as the Battle of the Alamo was fought. Texas wished to be annexed into the U.S. but the American government declined in fears that it would cause tensions with the Mexican government and upset the balance of slavery in the states
  • First Telegraph Sent

    First Telegraph Sent
    Samuel F. B. Morse dispatched the first telegraphic message over an experimental line from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore.
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    Mexican American War

    In 1846 both the Mexicans and the Americans were in a heated dispute over the boundaries of Texas and the control of California. The war was ended by the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848 with America winning the titles to both Texas and California. The new land created issues over slavery in the new territory. This war also provided experience to officers destined for the Civil War as it served as a testing ground.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Compromise made in both the North and the South following the Mexican American War. It admitted California as a free state and restricted slave trade in Washington D.C., appealing to the North. It also created the Fugitive Slave law and allowed popular sovereignty in Utah and New Mexico territory, appealing to the South. It led to more controversy between the North and the South. It was al an attempt to keep the country unified.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Introduced by Senator Stephan Douglas in 1854. It said that Kansas and Nebraska would be admitted into the Union under popular sovereignty. This act led to violent disputes in Kansas over slavery which became known as "Bleeding Kansas". It pushed the country closer to the Civil War.
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    Civil War

    Beginning in 1861, it was a series of battles fought between the Northern Union and the Southern Confederation. It ended in 1865 with the confederate surrender at the Appomattox Courthouse. The Union victory allowed for abolishment of slavery. It also provided inspiration to the champions of democracy all over the world.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Bloodiest battle of the Civil War and bloodiest single day in American history. Left over 23,000 men killed or wounded. Halted the confederate invasion of Maryland.
  • Andrew Johnson Impeached

    Andrew Johnson Impeached
    Having infuriated the Republicans, Andrew Johnson becomes the first president to be impeached by a house of Congress, but he avoids conviction and retains his office by a single vote. He will not get the Democratic nomination in the upcoming presidential election.
  • Panic of 1873

    Panic of 1873
    The panic of 1873 begins with the failure of a Wall Street banking firm, spreads to the stock exchange, and eventually leads to widespread unemployment.