The West to WWII

Timeline created by Valeriecp
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    Transcontinental Railroad
    The transcontinental railroad's goal was to connect the US from east to west. The union pacific built west while the central pacific built east. It met in Promontory Point, Utah and it had many problems during its building, the biggest being its exploitation of Chinese workers
  • Exodusters

    Former slaves who migrated to the west to look for better opportunities were known as exodusters. Although some will succeed, many settle in bad land or had no money. Some will go back to the south while others take the risk of moving out further west.
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    The Homestead Act was passed by congress in 1862. it gave settles 160 acres of land if they completed 5 years of living and improving that land. many former slaves, landless farmers, and single too advantage of the Homestead Act
  • Morrill Land Grant College Act

    Morrill Land Grant College Act
    Education in America boosted after the Morrill Land Grant College Act. This act funded universities in sparsely populated areas with tax money that came from the selling of public land
  • Knights of Labor

    Knights of Labor
    formed in 1869, the Knights of Labor was an organization that allowed workers of all skill level an opportunity to work. Their goal was to get workers to own businesses, not capitalist. They are the reason why we have an 8 hour work day and even a day off (Labor Day).
  • Killing the Buffalo

    Killing the Buffalo
    Buffalo were the Native Americans source of life. When white settlers hunted them almost to extinction, they were very much hurt by this. Although devastating, hurting the natives this way was the goal.
  • Bessemer Process

    Bessemer Process
    The first process to mass produce steel was known as the Bessemer process. it was invented by Sir Henry Bessemer in 1856, but when Andrew Carnegie first invested in it, it was during the 1870's
  • John Rockefeller

    John Rockefeller
    John Rockefeller was a businessman who controlled 90% of the domestic oil industry in the 1870s. Rockefeller was the first to invent two important elements that are used today: Trust and Holding companies
  • Tenements

    Tenements were housing spaces that were popular in the 1870's. Many poor immigrants that barely arrived would be most commonly found in tenements. They were becoming a problem because of their disease filled, unlit, and overcrowded environment
  • The Telephone

    The Telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell invented the first telephone. with the help of Thomas A. Watson, this new invention helped speed up communication around the country drastically
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    Led by George Custer, the battle of Little Bighorn was a complete failure. After Custer underestimated the number of Sioux, he approached them with 600 men and to his surprise, he was faced by thousands of natives. Him and his army were completely slaughtered. After hearing about the loss, the government wanted to enforce even more settlement on native land and placing them in reservations.
  • The Gilded Age

    The Gilded Age
    The Gilded Age was a term used during the 1870's to describe a time period that had many corruption and social issues by disguising it with a thin layer of gold. It was a time of mass growth both business and population wise. Although everything was growing, it was always a time period that had a lot of poverty
  • The Light Bulb

    The Light Bulb
    one of the many inventions that were introduced in this time period was the light bulb. Thomas Edison invented the light bulb on October 14th, 1878. It became a very important tool during that time and of course, to this day.
  • Robber Barons

    Robber Barons
    Robber barons is a term used for capitalist who used really shady methods in order to get rich, despite how negatively it affected other people/businesses. Carnegie and Rockefeller are examples of robber barons
  • The Spoils System

    The Spoils System
    The spoils system was a term that referred to politicians giving their supporters, family, and friends civil service jobs after they win an election. The spoils system was then later replaced by the Pendleton Act in 1883
  • Nativist

    Nativist were Americans who were against immigration and supported the deportation of non- Americans. They believed immigrants only brought things like disease, crimes, and took their jobs. The Chinese Exclusion Act was one of the results of nativist and their beliefs.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    In 1882, congress passed the Chinese Exclusions Act. This act prohibited further immigration of the Chinese into the United States.
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Act required that the Civil Service Exam to be taken in order to receive a government job position. It also did not allow federal employees to give money to their own party
  • Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show

    Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
    William Frederick Cody, a former scout and buffalo hunter, started "Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show", which influenced the view we have on the wild west today. The show included cowboys, sharpshooters, and even natives like Sioux leader, Sitting Bull, were part of the show.
  • Cocaine Tooth Drops

    Cocaine Tooth Drops
    These "cures" were advertised to help aid in curing toothaches i an instant, but they often included many drugs like cocaine. They were easily available and only about 15 cents
  • Ghost Dances

    Ghost Dances
    Ghost dances were practiced by Native Americas as protection from white settlers. A shaman envisioned a flood that washed away whites and dead spirits stopped bullets fired from them as well, which would help the natives return to their way of life. The military saw these dances as threats.
  • Steel

    Steel is considered the building block of America. Although it was important and influenced the country a lot, it was hard to mass produce it since it was so expensive to do so until Andrew Cornegie came and changed the production of it forever.
  • Andrew Carnegie

    Andrew Carnegie
    Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish immigrant, who grew up poor but later became one of the wealthiest men in America. He invested in the steel industry in which he had great success in by mass producing it and selling it for low prices unlike other companies
  • Sherman Anti- Trust Act

    Sherman Anti- Trust Act
    with the rising of monopolies at the time, congress wanted to limit their power by passing the Sherman Anti- Trust act, which prohibited trust companies within big businesses so that they would not take over other companies
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    In the 1890's through 1910, many African Americans moved north to escape Jim Crow laws. From 1890 to 1910,around 300 thousand African Americans populated the north. By 1970, over 7 million African Americans populated the north.
  • Carrie A. Nation

    Carrie A. Nation
    Carrie A. Nation was a 64 year old American woman who was part of the Temperance Movement. She was famous for walking into bars, salooons, or anywhere that served alcohol, and destroying everything in them with a small hatchet she carried with her along with her bible
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    While performing a traditional ghost dance, the Sioux were approached by American Calvary. When the Sioux tribe was asked to surrender their weapons, a gun accidentally went off, which triggered a massacre. Around 300 Sioux men, women, and children were killed during the massacre
  • City Beautiful Movement

    City Beautiful Movement
    The city beautiful movement was a reform movement that was meant to develop and improve the new cities by building public parks, monuments, and introducing beautiful architecture
  • Sears & Roebuck Catalog

    Sears & Roebuck Catalog
    In 1894, Sears and Roebuck released a catalog that included not only watches and jewelry, but many other items like sewing machines, clothing, baby items, etc
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    After the depression of 1893 hurt George Pullman's Railroad car business, he had to cut wages by a very large amount to still make money. When workers were tired of their bad pay and long hours, they went on strike nationwide.
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore Roosevelt, or "Teddy" was the 26th U.S. President after the assassination of McKinley. He was known for being a "big little kid" because he was very playful, energetic, athletic, outdoorsy, and more. He was liked by many and believed in taking action when needed.
  • The Teddy Bear

    The Teddy Bear
    Roosevelt enjoyed hunting, however when he encountered a trapped bear cub and being pressured by the men he was with to kill it, he refused and let the bear cub go.After that incident, a bear plush became know as the "teddy bear", in honor of him saving the bear cub!
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    Henry Ford influenced the auto industry a lot by introducing the model T, standardizing auto parts, and improving the machinery. he made many cars available for the public for less, affecting how the industry is to this day
  • Meat Inspection Act

    Meat Inspection Act
    The Meat Inspection Act of 1906 enforced food safety and sanitation rules in the meat industry, heavily influenced by "The Jungle"
  • Muckrakers

    Muckrakers were journalist or reporters that exposed the truth of corruption of businesses and the government. Muckrakers influenced laws to help protect workers from the harsh conditions they had to work in.
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
    The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair was a book that exposed the terrible and disgusting conditions that the meat industry had by exposing the disease and rotten meat they would sell to the public. This book was so influential that it led to a lot of food safety laws later in time.
  • Model T

    Model T
    The model T was the first car made by Henry Ford that was relatively inexpensive for people who weren't wealthy. It was not the first car, but because of its inexpensive price and mass production, it became the most popular automobile at the time.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Before the 17th amendment, senators were elected by the state legislature. However, when it was passed, this changed that, making them be directly elected by the people instead of the state legislature
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    After many years of fighting for equal voting rights, the 19th amendment extended voting rights to women
  • The Wizard of Oz

    The Wizard of Oz
    The Wizard of Oz is believed to represent many of the corrupt problem during the the Gilded Age. for example, Dorothy's (original) silver shoes represented silver coinage, the yellow brick road was the gold standard, the cowardly lion was said to represent William Jennings Bryan, etc.
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    Transforming the west

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    Becoming an Industrial Power

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    The Gilded Age

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    Imperial America

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    Progressive Era