2017 Anna Phuah Dalat World History

Timeline created by Annathegreat
In History
  • 7,000 BCE

    6.1- China- Geography of China

    China has the area of about 4 million square miles, and is surrounded by the Gobi desert, the Himalayas, and the Pacific Ocean. The northeast was was cool and dry but the southeast had many monsoon. There were 2 important rivers in China which were the Huang He river or Yellow River and the Chang Jiang river or Yangzi. The early civilizations would farm near both rivers so the floods could give them fertile silt. Some of the little villages that settled near the Huang He river grew to big cities
  • 5,000 BCE

    Mesopotamia- Mesopotamians use irrigation and canals (3.1)

    Since it was hard to control the water level so it doesn't wash away the crops or cause the plants to get little water they used irrigation. It was a method that helps supply water to an area of land using canals which are human-made waterways.
  • 5,000 BCE

    3.1-Mesopotamia- Food surplus

    Thanks to irrigation it created a food surplus which is when u have more than what you need. Since, there was more than enough food it opened up new opportunities for other jobs. It gives people specialized jobs in a particular task and that's called divisions of labor.
  • 4,500 BCE

    4.1- The Nile Valley- Geography of Ancient Egypt and Kush

    The Nile was 4,000 miles long and 13 miles wide. At several places on the Nile there are cataracts whatcha are strong rapids and there were a few smaller rivers branching out into the Mediterranean Sea called a delta. Since there was little rain in Egypt most of it is a desert but there was rain in the south of Egypt making the Nile flood flourishing the land with the floods.
  • 3,500 BCE

    3.3- Southern Mesopotamia- Cunieform and scribes

    It was the world's first way of writing. They would use a stylus which is a sharp tool made out of weed, and write out wedge shaped symbols on a clay tablet. Scribes which are writers would write down events that occurred on the tablet, you would have to get a education to become a scribe.
  • 3,500 BCE

    Southern Mesopotamia- Technical advances (3.3)

    The sumerians developed the wheel into carts, plows, and wheeled vehicles. They also developed a math system based on the number 60.
  • 3,300 BCE

    Egypt- Egyptian writing (4.4)

    The Egyptians had their own form of writing called hieroglyphics that was written using ink on papyrus, paper made with reed making it last longer. In 1799, a French soldier discovered the Rosetta Stone (a stone with Egyptian text inscribed on it) which helped historians decipher hieroglyphics.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.1- Nile Valley- Civilization starts to form

    Soon A group called hunter-gatherers settled into the Nile Valley and they used irrigation in help with farms. Soon around 3100 BC someone named Menes became the first pharaoh he soon united lower and upper Egypt and founded Egypt's first dynasty.
  • 3,000 BCE

    Southern Mesopotamia- Sumerians create city-state (3.2)

    In Southern Mesopotamia, there was a civilization called the Sumereians. By 2000BC they had over 1,000 residents due to the fact they were such a large community they created what is called a city-state. It's when
  • 3,000 BCE

    6.1- China- The first dynasties

    Soon the people started making advances in their society, and usually the wealthy would have many jewelry made from a hard gem called jade. The first dynasties were the Xia and Shane dynasty. People today still don't, know much about the Xia dynasty. Though a lot I'd found from the Shane dynasty, such as, they had taxes were claimed which took most of the lower rank's money. They also believed in oracles which are predictions. Also they would write on bones, their writing system had 2000 symbols
  • 2,700 BCE

    4.2- Nile Valley- The old Kingdom

    The Old Kingdom lasted from 2100 BC to 2200 BC. This was when the third dynasty really set into power and one of the most famous pharaoh was Khufu because he would build many monuments for himself. They had a social structure, with pharaohs at the top, nobles at the second top, scribes and craftsmen the the second to last, and the bottom farmers, servants and slaves.
  • 2,334 BCE

    3.2- Southern Mesopotamia- Sargon

    Sargon defeated all the city-states in Sumer and extended the Akkadian territory.Sargon created the world's first empire. He was the emperor for more than 50 years.
  • 2,300 BCE

    5.2- India- Geography of early India

    India was so big that it was a subcontinent which is when there is a lot of land but it's still smaller than a continent. India was very isolated because to the northeast there were the Himalaya and to the northwest was a large barren desert. The rest of India was surrounded by the sea which is useful for trading. They also had several main rivers. The climate is mostly monsoon which are seasonal patterns of wind that cause it to be cold and hot.
  • 2,300 BCE

    4.1- Indus River- Harrapan Civilization

    They built a civilization near the Indus River. they were the first Indian city. Their houses were very advanced with built in toilets but the civilization ended at 1700s BC
  • 2,200 BCE

    4.2- The Nile Valley- Afterlife

    The Egyptians believed in the afterlife. They believed that when someone dies their ka, a person's life force, would leave their body and go to the afterlife. They had a specific procedure to prepare the body for death, they would embalm the body which is preserving the bodies as mummies which are bodies wrapped in cloth. Only the elite (people with power or wealth) could afford this the poorer classes would bury the dead in the hot dry sand so it could naturally preserve the body.
  • 2,050 BCE

    4.3- Egypt- Middle Kingdom

    The power and wealth declined when the old kingdom came to an end and so began the Middle Kingdom. Around 2050 BC and pharaoh named Mentuhoptep II came into power. The Middle Kingdom was time of order and stability until 1750 BC. The Hyksos invaded Egypt and the they lost their power. During the mid 1500s the Egyptians kicked the Hyksos out.
  • 2,017 BCE

    (6) Modern Day event- Malaysia- Sundial

    Our clock was based on the sundial that the Chinses created. The sundial was used to tell the time by using the shadows made by the sundial to tell what time it was, just like our clocks today. The sundial was the earlier version of the clock we know today.
  • 2,000 BCE

    4.5- South of Egypt- Kush

    Egypt was scared Kush was getting to powerful and will invade them so the Egyptians invaded Kush. Kush became part of Egypt, but during the New Kindom Egypt was falling out of power and Kushnite leaders begun to take back their power/control and 200 years later Kush received independence. Aroundthe 700s a Kush king, Kashta, attacked Egypt, taking Upper Egypt. When he died his son, Piankhi, kept attaking Egypt and when he died he accomplished his goal.
  • 2,000 BCE

    5.1- Indus River- Aryan

    They first arrived around 2000 BC, they had Vedas which are religious writings. Their political system was about family ties. The villages were run by rajas, a leader. Their main language was Sanskrit, the most important language in India
  • 1,792 BCE

    3.4-Southern Mesopotamia- Hammurabi's code

    In 1792 BC, a king called Hammurabi came to power and became Babylon's king. He created a code of laws which had 282 sets of laws for everything. In fact, Hammurabi's code is the foundation for our laws in the modern day world.
  • 1,550 BCE

    4.3- Egypt- The New Kingdom

    The New Kingdom was the peak of Egypt's height and glory but they only lasted 1550 BC to 1050 BC. The Egyptian leaders were worried about another attack so they turned Egypt into an empire. They also had good trade routes, in fact a ruler called Queen Hatshepsut helped the trading to increase. During the 1200 BC Ramses the Great came to power and was the longest to stay in power. When he died Egypt lost it's power and never got it back.
  • 1,250 BCE

    5.2- India- Social Structure

    In India they had 4 varnas which are social divisions. They were in this order; Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas ( rulers or warriors), Viasyas (farmers, craftsmen or traders), and Sudras (laborers). The highest honor were Brahmins as you can see. There was a system called the caste system which is where they divided people into groups based on birth, wealth and job. You could only interact with those in your caste and never outside your caste.
  • 1,250 BCE

    5.2- India- Religion part. 2

    Based on your karma which is the effects of a good/bad actions of the person have on them it depends on what caste you'll be born in. Not everyone agreed with Hinduism, some believed in another religion called Jainism. It was based around a man named Mahavira who some think was born in 599 BC. They practiced non-violence which means to avoid violence. Centuries after Jainism there was Sikhism follows the teaching of Guru Nanak who lived in 1400 AD.
  • 1,100 BCE

    6.2- China- Zhou dynasty

    Over time the leaders of the people were called He Zhou dynasty, they were the longest lasting dynasty. They believed that the mandate from heaven were the ones who determined who would rule. In the social rank the king was the highest. The peasants, farmers, were the lowest rank. Over time invaders took over in 771 BC and they lost the battle but the dynasty survived. In 481 BC they reached the Warring State Period which was the time when everyone fought for land
  • 1,000 BCE

    5.2- India- Religion

    Aryan's main religion was Brahmanism and it was based on 4 vedas. They had many rituals and would sacrifice many animals. People from Persia and people from China brought their ideas to India and the combination of ideas created Hinduism, the biggest religion in idea today. They believed in many gods but they had one main god who had three different personalities. The Hindus also believed in reincarnation which is when u die u get reborn into a new body.
  • -771 BCE

    6.2- China- Religion and problems

    During the Warring States Period family ties weakened because the sons of family would fight to gain land for themselves due to that the Chinese society fell into disorder. Later on, a man named Confucius wanted to change the people so he taught the people about ethics, moral values, he traveled to many regions his pupils studied a book called The Analects, it became a religion called Confucianism. Another belief was Daoism which is living in harmony. Legalism was belief of people were bad.
  • -670 BCE

    4.5- South Egypt- Later Kush

    The capital of Kush was Meroë, it was full of rich ore like iron. In fact it was the main place for a trade network, which is when a lot of people from different places who trade. There were merchants who would carry out lots of goods. Kush had many exports ( goods sent to other countries or states) and received imports ( items brought form outside of Kush). Women in Kushite society were very active and could rise to high positions.
  • -563 BCE

    5.3- India- Buddha

    A prince named Siddhartha Gautama who was born in northern India in 563 BC was not satisfied with life so he started to question the meaning of human life. When he was 30 he left home to search the world for an answer, he fasted which is going days without food and meditated which is focusing your mind on spiritual mind. On day beneath a tree by the Ganges River he found the answer he was 35 years old then. from that time on he was called Buddha. Soon his teachings became a religion.
  • -563 BCE

    5.3- India- Buddhism

    his teachings included the 4 noble truths and nirvana which is a state of perfect peace. He also created the eight fold path. Soon Buddhism spread across India by missionaries, people who share spiritual works or belief. There were 2 branches of Buddhism one is Theravada and Mahayana.
  • -320 BCE

    5.3- India- Different Empires

    A military leader called Chandragupta Mauryan, seized control on North India. He was amazing at war, but he converted to Jainism and soon passed his throne to his son. During 270 BC his grandson became king, his name was Asoka. He would watch his bloody battles but in 233 BC he died. In 184 BC the last Mauryan king died and India was split into smaller states. 500 years later, Hinduism declined in popularity. Then there was a new dynasty the Gupta dynasty.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3- China- The Qin Dynasty

    Shi Huangdi was the first emperor to unify the whole of China he followed legalism. He invaded many lands and claimed all the power. He divided China into districts to make it easier to control them. He standardized everything to make things easier people who disobeyed were punished. Shi Huangdi built a network of roads and canals for trade. He also finished the Great Wall that was a barrier that protected China.
  • -207 BCE

    6.4- China- Han dynasty

    When the Qin dynasty collapsed in 207 BC the Hans took over. Lie Bang was the first common person to become emperor. He made the government laws less harsh. In 140 BC, the new emperor, Wudi, made the government more strong. He made the main philosophy Confucianism. There were 4 types of classes, the second highest class was peasants. He emphasized on family life and that you should listen to your parents. During this time there were many literature, and innovations.
  • -100 BCE

    6.5- China- Trade and the Silk Road

    The Hann dynasty made many things. They were especially good at ironwork, and made many advances in that area. One of the items that made them rich was silk, a soft expensive material. They would trade with outside countries and soon created the Silk Road a 4,000 miles long road that goes through Asia. Thanks to Silk and the Silk Road China grew in wealth. After a while the Han dynasty became less stable and people started rebelling more, and so people converted to Buddhism and soon it spread.
  • 320

    5.5- India- Indian achievements

    The early Hindu structures were small stone buildings but through time developed into something complex. The Buddhist would create their temples on the mountain side. Most Indian paintings through the Gupta period were colorful and had their gods in it. They had religious epics and the two most famous ones are Mahabharata and Ramayana. They are 2 long passages about the Hindu belief. The writers also created plays, poetry, and the most famous writer at that time was Kalisdasa
  • 375

    5.3- India- Gupta society

    In 375 BC, a new emperor called Candra Gupta II took over and the Gupta dynasty reached the highest point and many outsiders admired the emperor's wealth and beauty. They brought back the caste system because they thought it was important. They reign ended in the late 400s
  • Malaysia, Penang, Anna was born

    I was so awesome when I was born a golden lightning shone down from the heavens on me.
  • (4) Modern day event- Malaysia- Social structure

    The Egyptian social structure helped build our government to what it is today be a it was like the foundation.
  • (5) Modern day connection- math

    Thanks to the Indians they created the number zero because without it everything else would be impossible.
  • (3) Modern Day, Malaysia: laws

    Hammurabi's code helped build the foundations for our rules and laws that we have today.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Early Fertile Crescent people

    In the Fertile Crescent on 10,000BC-500BC there were a various group of people that lived there which were the Sumerians, Babylonians, Hittittes, Kassites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, and the Phoenicians.
  • Period:
    4,500 BCE
    to
    400

    (4) Ancient Egypt and Kush

    The Egyptians started out as hunter-gatherers and settled in Mesopotamia. They had the first pharaoh and had different eras such as the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom.
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    320

    (5) Ancient India

    From 2300 BC to 320 AD India has advanced in many ways and had many different civilizations conquer it such as, the Harappan, Aryan, Mauryan, and the Gupta society.
  • Period:
    1,500 BCE
    to
    -206 BCE

    (6) Ancient China

    There were many different dynasties that ruled China such as the the Zhou, Xia, Shang, Qin, and the Han dynasty