World War II Timeline

Timeline created by 170102005
In History
  • Adolf Hitler's rise to power

    Adolf Hitler's rise to power
    Hitler's emergence as chancellor, gave him a chance to reach more people and gave him more power and it did worked out, his plans are embraced by the German population. Hitler immediately started with the forces, ordered a new police force to be created with infantry training, named Gestapo and (Kettenhunde) and put Hermann Goering to the top. This was the start of the Third Reich, and nobody had a chance or force to stop them not even Hindenburg or von Papen or anyone.
  • Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War
  • Second Sino-Japanese War

    Second Sino-Japanese War
    Conflict that broke out when China began a full-scale resistance to the expansion of Japanese influence in its territory (which had begun in 1931). The war, which remained undeclared until December 9, 1941, may be divided into three phases: a period of rapid Japanese advance until the end of 1938, a period of virtual stalemate until 1944, and the final period when Allied counterattacks, principally in the Pacific and on Japan’s home islands, brought about Japan’s surrender.
  • Imprisonment of Jews

    Imprisonment of Jews
    After Germany's annexation of Austria in March 1938, Austrian political prisoners came into the Nazi concentration camp system. Following the violent Night of Broken Glass pogroms,Nazi officials conducted mass arrests of Jews, the first time Jews were arrested precisely because they were Jews. Over 30,000 German Jews were incarcerated in the Dachau, Buchenwald, and Sachsenhausen concentration camps in Germany, initially until each could provide proof of their ability to emigrate.
  • German occupation of Czechoslovakia

    The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's border regions known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.
  • German annexation of Austria

    German annexation of Austria
    On March 12, 1938, German troops march into Austria to annex the German-speaking nation for the Third Reich. In early 1938, Austrian Nazis conspired for the second time in four years to seize the Austrian government by force and unite their nation with Nazi Germany
  • Britain rearms and reassures Poland

    Britain had begun re-arming and a highly secret radar early warning system was installed along the east coast. Conscription was introduced and assurances were given to Poland, who was being threatened by the Fuhrer.
  • Germany and Soviet Union, Non-Aggression Pact.

    The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, officially known as the Treaty of Non-aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a neutrality pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939, by foreign ministers Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov, respectively ...
  • Start of the World War

    Start of the World War
    The principal belligerents were the Axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan—and the Allies—France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China. The war was in many respects a continuation, after an uneasy 20-year hiatus, of the disputes left unsettled by World War I. The 40,000,000–50,000,000 deaths incurred in World War II make it the bloodiest conflict, as well as the largest war, in history.
  • Britain and France declare war on Germany

    The Declaration of war by France and the United Kingdom was given on 3 September 1939, after German forces invaded Poland. Despite the speech being the official announcement of both France and the United Kingdom, the speech was given by the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, in Westminster, London.
  • Battle of the Atlantic

    Battle of the Atlantic
    Battle of the Atlantic, in World War II, a contest between the Western Allies and the Axis powers (particularly Germany) for the control of Atlantic sea routes. For the Allied powers, the battle had three objectives: blockade of the Axis powers in Europe, security of Allied sea movements, and freedom to project military power across the seas. The Axis, in turn, hoped to frustrate Allied use of the Atlantic to wage war.
  • Invasion and Partition of Poland

    On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. ... After heavy shelling and bombing, Warsaw surrendered to the Germans on September 27, 1939. Britain and France, standing by their guarantee of Poland's border, had declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939
  • Soviet invasion of Finland

    Soviet invasion of Finland
    The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland. It began with a Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, three months after the outbreak of World War II, and ended three and a half months later with the Moscow Peace Treaty on 13 March 1940.
  • Italy declares war on France and Great Britain

    Italy declares war on France and Great Britain
    On this day in 1940, after withholding formal allegiance to either side in the battle between Germany and the Allies, Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, declares war on France and Great Britain. ... Britain and France were also wooing him with promises of territorial concessions in Africa in exchange for neutrality
  • The German Invasion of Western Europe

    After the German occupation of Poland, nothing much happened for month after month. War did not seem like war. A "phoney war," the British called it. But in the spring of 1940 Hitler's forces struck again, and by June he held Europe in his grasp
  • Blitzkrieg

    Blitz is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
  • Auschwitz is established

    Auschwitz is established
    SS authorities establish the Auschwitz camp. The Auschwitz concentration camp complex was the largest of its kind established by the Nazi regime. It included three main camps, all of which deployed incarcerated prisoners at forced labor.
  • France surrenders to Germany

    France surrenders to Germany
    On This Day: France Surrenders to Nazi Germany. On June 22, 1940, the French government signed an armistice with Nazi Germany just six weeks after the Nazis launched their invasion of Western Europe.
  • The United States begins its first peacetime draft

    The United States begins its first peacetime draft
    was the first peacetime conscription in United States history. This Selective Service Act required that men who had reached their 21st birthday but had not yet reached their 36th birthday register with local draft boards. Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men from their 18th birthday until the day before their 45th birthday were made subject to military service, and all men from their 18th birthday until the day before their 65th birthday were required to register
  • Tripartite Pact

    This pact of mutual alliance was signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.
  • 1942

    U.S. troops first arrived in Britain in January 1942. Also that year, Japan captured Singapore, which was Britain's last location in the Pacific, as well as islands such as Borneo and Sumatra. By the middle of the year, though, the Allies started gaining ground, with the Battle of Midway being the turning point there. Germany captured Libya, but the Allies started making gains in Africa, and Soviet counterattacks made progress as well in Stalingrad
  • Lend-Lease bill

    President Roosevelt signed the Lend-Lease bill into law on March 11, 1941. It permitted him to "sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government [whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States] any defense article
  • The British ship Hood is sunk by Germany's Bismarck

    The British ship Hood is sunk by Germany's Bismarck
    German battleship, the Bismarck, sinks Britain's HMS Hood. On this day in 1941, Germany's largest battleship, the Bismarck, sinks the pride of the British fleet, HMS Hood
  • Hitler attacks Russia

    Hitler sent 3 million soldiers and 3,500 tanks into Russia. The Russians were taken by surprise as they had signed a treaty with Germany in 1939. Stalin immediately signed a mutual assistance treaty with Britain and launched an Eastern front battle that would claim 20 million casualties. The USA, which had been supplying arms to Britain under a ‘Lend-Lease’ agreement, offered similar aid to USSR.
  • Atlantic Conference

    The Atlantic Charter was a statement issued on 14 August 1941 that set out American and British goals for the period following the end of World War II.
  • Siege of Leningrad

    Siege of Leningrad
    The siege started on 8 September 1941, when the Wehrmacht severed the last road to the city. Although Soviet forces managed to open a narrow land corridor to the city on 18 January 1943, the Red Army did not lift the siege until 27 January 1944, 872 days after it began. The blockade became one of the longest and most destructive sieges in history, and possibly the costliest in casualties suffered. Some historians classify it as genocide
  • The Attack on Pearl Harbor

    The Attack on Pearl Harbor
    On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. After just two hours of bombing more than 2,400 Americans were dead, 21 ships* had either been sunk or damaged, and more than 188 U.S. aircraft destroyed. The attack at Pearl Harbor so outraged Americans that the U.S. abandoned its policy of isolationism and declared war on Japan the following day—officially bringing the United States into World War II.
  • Germany and Italy declare war on the United States; then the United States declares war on Germany and Italy.

  • Anne Frank and her family go into hiding.

    Anne Frank and her family go into hiding.
    In early July 1942, after Margot Frank received a letter ordering her to report to a work camp in Germany, Anne Frank's family went into hiding in an attic apartment behind Otto Frank's business, located at Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam.
  • Wannsee Conference

    The "Final Solution" was the code name for the systematic, deliberate, physical annihilation of the European Jews. At some still undetermined time in 1941, Adolf Hitler authorized this European-wide scheme for mass murder.
    The men at the table did not deliberate whether such a plan should be undertaken, but instead discussed the implementation of a policy decision that had already been made at the highest level of the Nazi regime.
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942. This order authorized the secretary of war to prescribe certain areas as military zones, clearing the way for the incarceration of Japanese Americans, German Americans, and Italian Americans in U.S. concentration camps.
  • Doolittle Raid

    Doolittle Raid
    The Doolittle Raid, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on Honshu. It was the first air operation to strike the Japanese archipelago. It demonstrated that the Japanese mainland was vulnerable to American air attack, served as retaliation for the attack on Pearl Harbor, and provided an important boost to American morale. The raid was planned, led by, and named after Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle of the United States Army Air Forces.
  • Battle of Stalingrad begins

    Battle of Stalingrad begins
    The Battle of Stalingrad was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia.
    It was the largest (nearly 2.2 million personnel) and bloodiest battle in the history of warfare. After their defeat at Stalingrad, the German High Command had to withdraw vast military forces from the Western Front to replace their losses.
  • The Allies invade North Africa

    The Allies invade North Africa
    Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942) was an Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa during the Second World War. It was aimed at reducing pressure on Allied forces in Egypt, and enabling an invasion of Southern Europe. It also provided the 'second front' which the Soviet Union had been requesting since it was invaded by the Germans in 1941
  • Mussolini resigns

  • Casablanca Conference

    Casablanca Conference
    The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, Morocco, from January 14 to 24, 1943, to plan the Allied European strategy for the next phase of World War II.
  • The Germans surrender at Stalingrad

    The Germans surrender at Stalingrad
    The defeat at Stalingrad threw Hitler's offensive in the Soviet Union into disarray, and was a turning point in the war in Europe.
    It was also one of the bloodiest battles in modern history.
    Nobody knows exactly how many people died at Stalingrad.
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    The Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War, When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody civil war ensued, fought with great ferocity on both sides. The Nationalists, as the rebels were called, received aid from Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. The Republicans received aid from the Soviet Union, as well as from International Brigades, composed of volunteers from Europe and the United States.
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    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Conflict that broke out when China began a full-scale resistance to the expansion of Japanese influence in its territory (which had begun in 1931). The war, which remained undeclared until December 9, 1941, may be divided into three phases: a period of rapid Japanese advance until the end of 1938, a period of virtual stalemate until 1944, and the final period when Allied counterattacks, principally in the Pacific and on Japan’s home islands, brought about Japan’s surrender.
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    German occupation of Czechoslovakia

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    Invasion and Partition of Poland

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    World War II

    World War II, , conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45
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    Battle of the Atlantic

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    Winter war

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    German Invasion of Western Europe

    Postponed until 1941. Belgium and the Netherlands surrendered in May. More than 300,000 French and British troops were evacuated from the beaches near Dunkirk (Dunkerque) across the English Channel to Great Britain. Paris, the French capital, fell to the Germans on June 14, 1940.
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    Battle of France

    Battle of France, (May 10–June 25, 1940), during World War II, the German invasion of the Low Countries and France. In just over six weeks, German armed forces overran Belgium and the Netherlands, drove the British Expeditionary Force from the Continent, captured Paris, and forced the surrender of the French government.
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    Evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk,France

    The Miracle of Dunkirk. Between 27th May and 4th June 1940, nearly 700 ships brought over 338,000 people back to Britain, including more than 100,000 soldiers of the French Army. All heavy equipment was abandoned and left in France, including over 2,000 pieces of artillery and 85,000 motor vehicles. France, Dunkirk, and the English Channel 51°02′N 2°22′E
    Allied success Evacuation of 338,226 soldiers
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    Battle of Britain

    "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.The primary objective of the German forces was to compel Britain to agree to a negotiated peace settlement. It has been described as the first major military campaign fought entirely by air forces.On 16 July, Adolf Hitler ordered the preparation of Operation Sea Lion on Britain,
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    Operation Barbarossa

    The operation opened up the Eastern Front, in which more forces were committed than in any other theater of war in world history. The Eastern Front became the site of some of the largest battles, most horrific atrocities, and highest World War II casualties all of which influenced the course of both World War II and the subsequent history of the 20th century. The German armies captured some 5,000,000 Red Army troops during the war. a majority of whom never returned alive.
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    Siege of Leningrad

    The siege of Leningrad (Блокада Ленинграда) was a prolonged military blockade undertaken from the south by the Army Group North of Nazi Germany against the Soviet city of Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) on the Eastern Front in World War II.The Finnish army invaded from the north, co-operating with the Germans until Finland had recaptured territory lost in the recent Winter War, but refused to make further approaches to the city.
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    Battle of Stalingrad

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    Operation Torch

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    Battle of Kursk