US History II 1955-1975

Timeline created by JassonUrey
  • All Public Schools Ordered to Intergrate

    All Public Schools Ordered to Intergrate
    The Supreme Court of the United States orders that all public schools be integrated with deliberate speed.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Parks, an African American seamstress, refuses to give up her seat on the bus to a white man, prompting a boycott that would lead to the declaration that bus segregation laws were unconstitutional by a federal court.
  • Federal-Aid Highway Act

    Federal-Aid Highway Act
    The interstate highway system begins to be built with the signing of the Federal-Aid Highway Act.
  • President Eisenhower wins a second term.

    President Eisenhower wins a second term.
  • National Guard deployed to Central High School

    National Guard deployed to Central High School
    National Guard called to duty by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus to bar nine black students from attending previously all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. He withdrew the troops on September 21 and the students were allowed entrance to class two days later. A threat of violence caused President Eisenhower to dispatch federal troops to Little Rock on September 24 to enforce the edict.
  • Woolworth Sit-in

    Woolworth Sit-in
    Four black college students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College in Greensboro, North Carolina stage a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth lunch counter, protesting their denial of service. This action caused a national campaign, waged by seventy-thousand students, both white and black, over the next eight months, in sit-ins across the nation for Civil Rights.
  • U-2 Spy reconnaissance plan shot down by Soviets

    U-2 Spy reconnaissance plan shot down by Soviets
    In the Soviet Union, a United States U-2 reconnaissance plane is shot done by Soviet forces, leading to the capture of U.S. pilot Gary Powers and the eventual cancellation of the Paris summit conference. On August 19, Powers is sentenced by the Soviet Union to ten years in prison for espionage. On February 10, 1962 , he would be exchanged for a captured Soviet spy in Berlin.
  • John F Kennedy is elected President

    John F Kennedy is elected President
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba is repulsed by Cuban forces in an attempt by Cuban exiles under the direction of the United States government to overthrow the regime of Fidel Castro.
  • First Sub-orbital Space Flight

    First Sub-orbital Space Flight
    The first U.S. manned sub-orbital space flight is completed with Commander Alan B. Shepard Jr. inside a Mercury capsule launched 116.5 miles above the earth from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Twenty days later, President Kennedy announces his intention to place a man on the moon by the end of the decade.
  • Berlin Wall construction began

    Berlin Wall construction began
    The construction of the Berlin Wall begins by the Soviet bloc, segregating the German city, previously held in four sectors by Allied forces, including the United States. The wall would last for twenty-eight years.
  • Cuban Missile Crises

    Cuban Missile Crises
    The Cuban Missile Crises begins. In response to the Soviet Union building offensive missiles in Cuba, President John F. Kennedy orders a naval and air blockade of military equipment to the island. An agreement is eventually reached with Soviet Premier Khrushchev on the removal of the missiles, ending the potential conflict after thirty-eight days, in what many think was the closest the Cold War came to breaking into armed conflict.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    The Civil Rights march on Washington, D.C. for Jobs and Freedom culminates with Dr. Martin Luther King's famous "I Have a Dream" speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Over 200,000 people participated in the march for equal rights.
  • President Kennedy is Assassinated

    President Kennedy is Assassinated
    In Dallas, Texas, during a motorcade through downtown, President John F. Kennedy is mortally wounded by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn into office later that day. Two days later, Oswald was killed on live national television by Jack Ruby while being transported in police custody.
  • Tonkin Resolution

    Tonkin Resolution
    The Tonkin Resolution is passed by the United States Congress, authorizing broad powers to the president to take action in Vietnam after North Vietnamese boats had attacked two United States destroyers five days earlier.
  • President Lyndon Johnson wins election

    President Lyndon Johnson wins election
  • Watts Race Riots

    Watts Race Riots
    The Watts race riots in Los Angeles begin a five-day siege, culminating in the death of thirty-four people and property destruction in excess of $200 million.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    United States warplanes begin their bombing raids of Hanoi and Haiphong, North Vietnam. By December of this year, the United States had 385,300 troops stationed in South Vietnam with sixty thousand additional troops offshore and thirty-three thousand in Thailand.
  • Glassboro Summit

    Glassboro Summit
    A three-day summit between President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin, held at Glassboro State College in New Jersey, culminates in a mutual declaration that no crises between them would lead to war.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    Thurgood Marshall is sworn into office as the first black Supreme Court Justice.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. is Assassinated

    Martin Luther King Jr. is Assassinated
    Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee while standing on a motel balcony by James Earl Ray.
  • Richard Nixon is elected President

    Richard Nixon is elected President
  • Moon Landing

    Moon Landing
    The Apollo program completes its mission. Neil Armstrong, United States astronaut, becomes the first man to set foot on the moon four days after launch from Cape Canaveral. His Apollo 11 colleague, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. accompanies him.
  • Kent State University Massacre

    Kent State University Massacre
    Four students from Kent State University in Ohio were killed and nine wounded by National Guardsmen during a protest against the Vietnam War spread into Cambodia.
  • President Nixon wins the election for his second term

    President Nixon wins the election for his second term
  • Paris Peace Accords

    Paris Peace Accords
    Four-part Vietnam peace pacts, the Paris Peace Accords, were signed in Paris, France. The announcement of the military draft ending also occurred on that date. The last U.S. military troops would leave the war zone on March 29.
  • President Nixon resigns amid the Watergate Affair

    President Nixon resigns amid the Watergate Affair
    President Richard M. Nixon resigns the office of the presidency, avoiding the impeachment process and admitting his role in the Watergate affair. He was replaced by Vice President Gerald R. Ford, who, on September 8, 1974, pardoned Nixon for his role. Nixon was the first president to ever resign from office.
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    Communist forces takeover South Vietnam

    Communist forces complete their takeover of South Vietnam, forcing the evacuation from Saigon of civilians from the United States and the unconditional surrender of South Vietnam.