US History II 1942-1953

Timeline created by JassonUrey
  • EO 9066 Signed Into Law

    EO 9066 Signed Into Law
    Executive Order 9066 was signed into law by President Roosevelt that would intern 110,000 Japanese Americans to relocation camps during WWII
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    Battle of Midway

    The battle for Midway Island (halfway between the US and Japan) was a decisive battle the U.S. Navy fleet won and was the first lost by the Japanese Naval fleet. This was an important win for the U.S.
  • Race Riots

    Race Riots
    Race riots broke out in Detriot and Harlem causing 40 deaths and 700 injuries.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    The Normandy invasion (D-Day) started when 155,000 Allied troops landed the beaches of France.
  • G.I. Bill

    G.I. Bill
    The G.I. bill of rights is signed into law that gave veterans benefits.
  • FDR Elected to Fourth Term as President

    FDR Elected to Fourth Term as President
  • Wartime Internment of Japanese Americans validated

    Wartime Internment of Japanese Americans validated
    United States Supreme Court rules in the case of Korematsu vs. the United States, the wartime internment of Japanese Americans on the West Coast was valid during a time of war
  • President Roosevelt suddenly dies

    President Roosevelt suddenly dies
    President Roosevelt dies suddenly; Vice President Harry S. Truman assumes the presidency and role as commander in chief of World War II.
  • Germany Surrenders

    Germany Surrenders
    The unconditional surrender of Germany in the European campaign of WWII happens at Reims, France.
  • First Atomic Bomb Test

    First Atomic Bomb Test
    The first atomic bomb, the Trinity Test, is exploded at Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • Atomic Bomb Dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Atomic Bomb Dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    President Truman gives the go-ahead for the use of the atomic bomb with the bombing of Hiroshima. Three days later, the second bomb is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. On August 15, Emperor Hirohito of Japan surrenders.
  • UN is created

    UN is created
    The United Nations is created that includes 51 countries.
  • Atomic Energy Commission is created

    Atomic Energy Commission is created
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine is announced to the U.S. Congress. When passed it would grant $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey to battle Communist terrorism. President Truman signed the act into law on May 22.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposes aid extension to European nations for war recovery, known as the Marshall Plan, which would lead to Congressional approval of $12 billion over the following four years.
  • Soviet blockade of Berlin

    Soviet blockade of Berlin
    The Soviet Union begins its land blockade of the Allied sectors of Berlin, Germany. A counter blockade by the west was put into effect, as well as a British and U.S. airlift of supplies and food, until both blockades were lifted on September 30, 1949.
  • EO 9981 signed

    EO 9981 signed
    Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in the United States military, is signed into effect by President Harry S. Truman.
  • Truman wins first election as President

    Truman wins first election as President
    President Harry S. Truman rallies from behind, capturing his first presidential election from the supposed winner Thomas E. Dewey, the governor of New York. Headlines in national newspapers had overtly announced a Dewey victory, only to be proven wrong.
  • Alger Hiss convicted of purgery

    Alger Hiss convicted of purgery
    Alger Hiss, the former State Department official, is indicted for perjury in connection to denials of passing state secrets to a communist spy ring.
  • Korean War/Conflict begins

    Korean War/Conflict begins
    The Korean War begins its three-year conflict when troops of North Korea, backed with Soviet weaponry, invade South Korea. This act leads to U.S. involvement when two days later, the United States Air Force and Navy are ordered by President Truman to the peninsula. On June 30, ground forces and airstrikes are approved against North Korea.
  • China chases UN troops back to 38th parallel

    China chases UN troops back to 38th parallel
    United Nations forces retreat south toward the 38th parallel when Chinese Communist forces open a counteroffensive in the Korean War. This action halted any thought of a quick resolution to the conflict.
  • Rosenberg's found guilty of espionage

    Rosenberg's found guilty of espionage
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were found guilty of conspiracy of wartime espionage and sentenced to death. They were executed on June 19, 1953.
  • First Hydrogen Bomb

    First Hydrogen Bomb
    At Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, the first hydrogen bomb, named Mike, is exploded.
  • Dwight D, Eisenhower (Ike) wins the Presidential Election

    Dwight D, Eisenhower (Ike) wins the Presidential Election
  • Cold War Escalation

    Cold War Escalation
    The Cold War continues in earnest when President Dwight D. Eisenhower approves a top-secret document stating that the U.S. nuclear arsenal must be expanded to combat the communist threat around the world.
  • First color TV goes on sale

    First color TV goes on sale