Theodore RoosveltHad to serve asthma, would partially lose sight in boxing mishap, Father stressed physical fitness (built him a gym ), Educated by tutors, Graduated from Harvard, which he entered at age 17
Roosevelt’s progressive reforms are known as the Square Deal.
President Roosevelt supported the Pure Food and Drug Act and the
Meat Inspection Act in response to Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle
Roosevelt’s efforts to regulate business and break up monopolies earned him the name
TR ActionsPure Food and Drug act- a law that says you have to put labels on food
Hepburn Act- gave government power to set railroads rates
Mu- Journalists who exposed the bad things in the U.S
Sherman Anti Trust Act- Law to limit the size and power of big business
Progressivism- movement to get the government involved in society
Interstate CC- Government agency used to supervise railroads
Square Deal- Name of Theodore Roosevelt's plan to help people
Coal Strike 1902- Settled by TR because of arbitration
Wilson ActionsClayton Antitrust Act- Strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
New Freedom- Name of Woodrow Wilsons plan to help people
FTC-Government agency that watches over the business
Payne-Aldrich Tariff- Raised the tariff to almost 50%
16th amendment- Provided for a Federal income tax
Democrat- Name of Wilson political party
Underwood Tariff LOwered the tariff for the first time since Civil War
PeopleIda Tarbell- wrote a history of the standard oil company
Jacob riis- wrote about poverty and slums in cities
Robert La Follette- reform governor of Wisconsin
Eugene Debs- socialist candidate for president
TermsHull house- settlement house to help the poor
Recall- vote to remove a politician from office
Referendum-citizens vote yes or no on a law
Arbitration- help two sides to compromise
Secret ballot- vote in private
Direct Primary- voters choose candidates for elections
Conservation- efforts to protect the environment
Initiative- citizens place laws on the ballot
William Howard TaftHelped bring suits against corporations. The Standard Oil Company and American Tobacco Company were ordered to break up.
Created a Children’s Bureau to help investigate and end the use of child labor. Manns-Elkin Act helped to regulate telephone and
DefinitionThe Progressive Era was the period from
1890-1918 where reformers were known as progressives pushed to fix the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization.
Reformers are people who push for change Progressives were reformers who worked for change during the Progressive Era.
Industrialization is the change from hand made goods to machine-made goods.
Urbanization is the growth of cities
ProblemsProblems to Address
working in unsafe
Monopolies: Control over a
certain good or industry by one
Trusts: A group of companies
controlled by one group of
Banning Labor Unions: Labor
unions are organizations of
workers joining together to
improve working conditions.
Business leaders tried
1913—Direct Election of
the manufacturing, sale,
distribution of alcohol (later
repealed by the 21st
1920—gave women the right
Bull Mouse Party3rd party created by Theodore Roosevelt for the 1912 election; also known as the Progressive Party
Laissez-Faireabstention by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market.
It describes a system or point of view that opposes regulation or interference by the government in economic affairs beyond the minimum necessary to allow the free enterprise system to operate according to its own laws.
Muckrakerwere reform-minded journalists in the Progressive Era in the United States (1890's–1920's) who exposed established institutions and leaders as corrupt. They typically had large audiences in popular magazines.
Eugene V, Debswas an American socialist, political activist, trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.
Jane Addamswas an American settlement activist, reformer, social worker, sociologist, public administrator, and author. She was a notable figure in the history of social work and women's suffrage in the United States and an advocate for world peace -Organized the hull house
WoodWilson’s domestic program was called New Freedom.
Wilson supported the creation of the Federal Trade Commission
(FTC). FTC regulated trade in the United States.
President Wilson also supported the passing of the Clayton Anti Trust Act which gave the federal government more power to investigate and prosecute monopolies.
1913 he created the Federal Reserve System which created a
national banking system to issue and regulate US currency.
Progresive Era beliefsMove away from laissez-faire with
government regulating industry
Make the US government responsive to
the people (voting)
Limit power of the political bosses.
Improve worker’s rights, conditions
for poor and immigrants
Clean up the cities
End segregation and Jim Crow