TheProgresive Era

Timeline created by Daniel.R
In History
  • Theodore Roosvelt

    Had to serve asthma, would partially lose sight in boxing mishap, Father stressed physical fitness (built him a gym ), Educated by tutors, Graduated from Harvard, which he entered at age 17
    Roosevelt’s progressive reforms are known as the Square Deal.
    President Roosevelt supported the Pure Food and Drug Act and the
    Meat Inspection Act in response to Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle
    Roosevelt’s efforts to regulate business and break up monopolies earned him the name
    “the Trustbuster.”
    1901-1908
  • TR Actions

    Pure Food and Drug act- a law that says you have to put labels on food
    Hepburn Act- gave government power to set railroads rates
    Mu- Journalists who exposed the bad things in the U.S
    Sherman Anti Trust Act- Law to limit the size and power of big business
    Progressivism- movement to get the government involved in society
    Interstate CC- Government agency used to supervise railroads
    Square Deal- Name of Theodore Roosevelt's plan to help people
    Coal Strike 1902- Settled by TR because of arbitration
  • Wilson Actions

    Clayton Antitrust Act- Strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
    New Freedom- Name of Woodrow Wilsons plan to help people
    FTC-Government agency that watches over the business
    Payne-Aldrich Tariff- Raised the tariff to almost 50%
    16th amendment- Provided for a Federal income tax
    Democrat- Name of Wilson political party
    Underwood Tariff LOwered the tariff for the first time since Civil War
  • People

    Ida Tarbell- wrote a history of the standard oil company
    Jacob riis- wrote about poverty and slums in cities
    Robert La Follette- reform governor of Wisconsin
    Eugene Debs- socialist candidate for president
  • Terms

    Hull house- settlement house to help the poor
    Recall- vote to remove a politician from office
    Referendum-citizens vote yes or no on a law
    Arbitration- help two sides to compromise
    Secret ballot- vote in private
    Direct Primary- voters choose candidates for elections
    Conservation- efforts to protect the environment
    Initiative- citizens place laws on the ballot
  • William Howard Taft

    Helped bring suits against corporations. The Standard Oil Company and American Tobacco Company were ordered to break up.
    Created a Children’s Bureau to help investigate and end the use of child labor. Manns-Elkin Act helped to regulate telephone and
    telegraph communication.
    1908-1912
  • Definition

    The Progressive Era was the period from
    1890-1918 where reformers were known as progressives pushed to fix the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization.
    Reformers are people who push for change Progressives were reformers who worked for change during the Progressive Era.
    Industrialization is the change from hand made goods to machine-made goods.
    Urbanization is the growth of cities
  • Problems

    Problems to Address
    Workers
    Issues:
    Urbanization
    Business Issues
    Low wages
    Long hours
    Unsafe working
    conditions
    Child
    labor-children
    working in unsafe
    conditions for
    long hours.
    Unsafe, unclean
    living conditions
    Overcome
    housing
    Monopolies: Control over a
    certain good or industry by one
    company.
    Trusts: A group of companies
    controlled by one group of
    managers.
    Banning Labor Unions: Labor
    unions are organizations of
    workers joining together to
    improve working conditions.
    Business leaders tried
  • Amedments

    16th Amendment:
    1913—Income Tax
    17th Amendment:
    1913—Direct Election of
    Senators
    18th Amendment:
    1919—Prohibition—banned
    the manufacturing, sale,
    consumption, and
    distribution of alcohol (later
    repealed by the 21st
    Amendment)
    19th Amendment
    1920—gave women the right
    to vote
  • Bull Mouse Party

    3rd party created by Theodore Roosevelt for the 1912 election; also known as the Progressive Party
  • Laissez-Faire

    abstention by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market.
    It describes a system or point of view that opposes regulation or interference by the government in economic affairs beyond the minimum necessary to allow the free enterprise system to operate according to its own laws.
  • Muckraker

    were reform-minded journalists in the Progressive Era in the United States (1890's–1920's) who exposed established institutions and leaders as corrupt. They typically had large audiences in popular magazines.
  • Eugene V, Debs

    was an American socialist, political activist, trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.
  • Jane Addams

    was an American settlement activist, reformer, social worker, sociologist, public administrator, and author. She was a notable figure in the history of social work and women's suffrage in the United States and an advocate for world peace -Organized the hull house
  • Wood

    Wilson’s domestic program was called New Freedom.
    Wilson supported the creation of the Federal Trade Commission
    (FTC). FTC regulated trade in the United States.
    President Wilson also supported the passing of the Clayton Anti Trust Act which gave the federal government more power to investigate and prosecute monopolies.
    1913 he created the Federal Reserve System which created a
    national banking system to issue and regulate US currency.
    1912-1920
  • Period: to

    Progresive Era beliefs

    Move away from laissez-faire with
    government regulating industry
    Make the US government responsive to
    the people (voting)
    Limit power of the political bosses.
    Improve worker’s rights, conditions
    for poor and immigrants
    Clean up the cities
    End segregation and Jim Crow