The Independence of Hispanic AmericaBetween 1810 and 1825, most of the Spanish empire on the American continent became independent.
Only Cuba and Puerto Rico continued to be Spanish colonies until 1898.
As of 1814, after the attempt of the restored monarchy of Ferdinand VII to recover the previous situation in the colonial empire, an unstoppable emancipatory process took place that has common characteristics, although with some particularities, depending on the colonial situation of each place.
The first movements: 1808-1814he Napoleonic occupation of Spain led to the emergence of the first emancipatory movements.
In Buenos Aires the first junta was formed in May 1810, formed by the Creole bourgeoisie and which tried to extend its influence to the interior. In 1811, Artigas seized power in Uruguay, and Rodríguez de Francia in Paraguay, proclaiming independence from Spain but also from the Junta de Buenos Aires.
The first movements: 1808-1814In 1811 a Congress of Notables met in Caracas, which proclaimed independence and promulgated a federal constitution, highlighting the figure of Simón Bolívar in this process. In Santa Fe de Bogotá, meanwhile, ties with Spain were broken and a National Congress of the New Granada territories was convened.
The first movements: 1808-1814Independence was proclaimed in 1813 but the Creoles, fearful of a social revolution, supported the Spanish army to liquidate the revolution and put an end to independence.
Until 1814, Spain did not have the capacity to respond to these processes.
Independence: frustrated dreams and realityThe Spanish revolution of 1820 caused the suspension of the sending of troops to America to quell the insurrections
With the reestablishment of the Constitution of 1812, the American Creoles could send representatives to the Cortes in Spain
Independence: frustrated dreams and realityThe independence of Argentina (1816), Chile (1818) and, later, Peru (1821-1824). Peru was the last territory to become independent from Spain. In 1821 the Spanish viceroy left Lima, although until 1824 there was a zone of the viceroyalty in the power of the Spanish army. In 1824
XIX centuryIn the northern part of Latin America, one of the most outstanding events was the war between the United States and Mexico, which began in 1846