The History of Geology

Timeline created by EliForrest
  • In the 17th century, Geology was discovered

    In the 17th century, Geology was discovered
    geology was discovered by the Christian world using their own way of writing what happened, but, the one that stuck through them all was that the Deluge had formed the geology of earth.
  • The Earths Strata

    The Earths Strata
    During the 17th century, both religious and scientific concerns about the Earth's origin further "fueled the fire" on the interest in the Earth and brought more systematic identification techniques of the Earth's strata.
  • Nicolas Steno

    Nicolas Steno
    Nicolas Steno was an important pioneer in the science world. In 1659, he started to seriously question the accepted knowledge of the natural world. Importantly, he questioned the idea that fossils grew in the ground, as well as common explanations of rock formation.
  • A New Theory of the Earth (17th century)

    A New Theory of the Earth (17th century)
    The book 'A New Theory of the Earth' was published by William Whiston in 1696. Whiston used Christian reasoning to "prove" that the Great Flood had occurred and that the flood had formed the rock strata of the Earth.
  • The time of ores and economic boosts

    The time of ores and economic boosts
    From the interests outbreak of the Earth's origin, came a heightened attention to minerals and other components of the Earth's crust. Moreover, the increasing economic importance of mining in Europe made the possession of accurate knowledge about ores and their natural distribution vital.
  • Von den äusserlichen Kennzeichen der Fossilien (On the External Characters of Minerals)

    Von den äusserlichen Kennzeichen der Fossilien (On the External Characters of Minerals)
    In 1774, Abraham Gottlob Werner published the book Von den äusserlichen Kennzeichen der Fossilien which gave him fame from all over the world because he presented a detailed system for identifying specific minerals based on external characteristics.
  • The Neptunist Thesis

    The Neptunist Thesis
    The Neptunist Thesis was the most popular in the late 18th century, especially those who were chemically trained. However, another thesis snuck it's way up the board from the 1780's forward. Instead of water, some mid eighteenth-century naturalists such as Buffon had suggested that strata had been formed through heat
  • The Stratigraphic Column

    The Stratigraphic Column
    The mining industry and Industrial Revolution stimulated the rapid development of the stratigraphic column in the early 19th century. During the completion of the stratigraphic column, Imperialism drove several countries to explore other the sea in search for other land to expand their empire. This gave the opportunity for naturalists and geologists to collect data on those voyages.
  • The Earth is How Old?

    The Earth is How Old?
    In 1862, A physicist named William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, published his guess that fixed the earth at 20 million and 400 million years old.
  • The Ocean Floor

    The Ocean Floor
    Beginning in 1947, research provided new evidence about the ocean floor, and in 1960 Bruce C. Heezen published the concept of mid-ocean ridges. Soon after this, Robert S. Dietz and Harry H. Hess conceded that the oceanic crust forms as the seafloor spreads apart along mid-ocean ridges