Spain

Timeline created by HelenKiller007
  • 206

    Spain and Rome

    Hispania becomes part of the Roman Empire. Rome rules it for 500 years.
  • Jan 1, 711

    Africa takes control.

    Africa takes control.
    Muslims from North Africa take control. They greatly influence art and architecture.
  • Jan 1, 1469

    King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella

    King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella
    King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella marry, uniting the Christian portions of Spain.
  • Jan 1, 1478

    The Inquisiton.

    The Spanish Inquisition was founded.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Columbus Arrives

    Columbus Arrives
    Christopher Columbus arrives in the New World, beginning an era of exploration and conquest. Roman Catholicism is established as Spain’s state religion. Within 10 years, most Jews and Muslims are forced to convert or leave.
  • British Defeat the Armada.

    British Defeat the Armada.
    British forces defeat the Spanish Armada, or navy. Spain is no longer a sea power.
  • The First Modern Novel.

    The First Modern Novel.
    Miguel de Cervantes writes Don Quixote. It is considered the first modern novel.
  • Venezuela becomes independent.

    Venezuela declares its independence from Spain. Soon, other colonies claim their independence. After losing the Spanish American War to the U.S. in 1898, Spain gives up control of Cuba, the Philippines and other possessions.
  • King Alfonso XIII.

    King Alfonso XIII.
    King Alfonso XIII is forced out. Spain becomes a republic. Five years later, the country is plunged into civil war.
  • General Francisco Franco Wins.

    General Francisco Franco emerges as the war’s victor. He rules as a dictator until his death in 1975. Juan Carlos de Borbon is named king, and Spain becomes a constitutional monarchy.