Mar 28, 1533
Ivan IV (the Terrible)Ivan IV
Ivan IV known as Ivan the Terrible was Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 until his death, he was described as intelligent and devout. His long reign saw the conquest of the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, transforming Russia into a multiethnic and multiconfessional state, Ivan managed countless changes in the progression from a medieval state to an empire and emerging regional power, and became the first ruler to be crowned as Tsar of all Russia.
Michael Romanov dynastyromanov
Michael Romanov was the Tsar of Russia from 1613 to 1645 and founder of the Romanov dynasty, which ruled Russia until 1917. He was the son of Fedor Nikitich Romanov. the last Russian tsar Michael Romanov, the younger brother of Nicolas II. He spent 39 years in concentration camps. They shoot him in 1918 and after that killed him 10 more times in different ways.
Peter I (the Great)Peter the Great, Peter I
Born in Moscow, Russia on June 9, 1672, Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century who is best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. He created a strong navy, reorganized his army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administered greater control over the reactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country.
Catherine II (the Great)Catherine the Great
Catherine II, also known as Catherine the Great Empress of Russia, was the most renowned and the longest-ruling female leader of Russia, reigning from 9 July 1762.She was born in Stettin, Pomerania, Prussia and came to power following a coup d'état and the assassination of her husband, Peter III, at the end of the Seven Years' War. Russia was revitalized under her reign, growing larger and stronger than ever and becoming recognized as one of the great powers of Europe.
russian revolution'http://depts.washington.edu/baltic/papers/russianrevolution.htm' >russian revolution</a>
The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The Tsar was deposed and replaced by a provisional government in the first revolution of February 1917. In the second revolution, during October, the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a communist government.
soviet unionsoviet union
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR or the Soviet, was a constitutionally socialist state that existed between 1922 and 1991, ruled as a single-party state by the Communist Party with its capital as Moscow. A union of 15 subnational Soviet republics, the government and economy were highly centralized.
the start of the soviet unionhref='http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union#Revolution_and_foundation' >ussr</a>
At the same time, workers councils, known as Soviets, sprang up across the country. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, pushed for socialist revolution in the Soviets and on the streets. On 7 November 1917, the Red Guards stormed the Winter Palace in Petrograd, ending the rule of the Provisional Government and leaving all political power to the Soviets.
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist who served as the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. A Marxist, his ideas on revolutionary theory became known by others as Leninism, which later developed into the political theory of Marxism–Leninism.
Leon Trotsky, born as Lev Davidovich Bronshtein, was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army.Trotsky was initially a supporter of the Menshevik Internationalists faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. He joined the Bolsheviks immediately prior to the 1917 October Revolution, and eventually became a leader within the Party.He was a major figure in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War (1918–20).
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalinstalin
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was the Premier of the Soviet Union from 6 May 1941. Stalin used it to consolidate more power after the death of Vladimir Lenin in 1924, gradually putting down all opposition. This included Leon Trotsky, the principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders. Whereas Trotsky advocated world permanent revolution, Stalin's concept of socialism in one country became primary policy as he emerged the leader of the Soviet Union.
the end of the soviet unionhref='http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union#Revolution_and_foundation' >soviet union</a>
In August 1991, a coup d'état attempt by hardliners against Gorbachev and aimed at preserving the country, instead led to its collapse. On 25 December 1991, the USSR was dissolved into 15 post-Soviet states. The Russian Federation, successor of the Russian SFSR, assumed the Soviet Union's rights and obligations and is recognized as its continued legal personality.