Renaissance Timeline

Timeline created by ambrose.r
In History
  • 1400

    Johannes Gutenberg

    Johannes Gutenberg
    Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg was a German man who is credited with the creation of the movable printing press. With this invention, it became much easier to mass produce books, including the Bible written in different languages. This spread literacy and religion during the Renaissance. His birth and death dates are unknown, but estimated during the 14th-15th centuries.
  • 1400

    Humanism

    Humanism
    Humanism during the Renaissance was focused on respecting past beauty and values from civilizations such as the Greeks and Romans. Since Humanism was practiced by religious followers, there was a want for keeping Christianity as, ideally, "pure". Humanism was shown throughout the Renaissance's entirety - the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
  • 1400

    Perspective

    Perspective
    Perspective was reintroduced in Renaissance art through mathematic studies in how far away objects are. Artists had to learn how to illustrate an object's distance, and this can be shown in Leonard da Vinci's "Last Supper" painting. Jesus and other individuals are standing behind a table with the background holding perspective. Perspective helped to achieve absolute realism.
  • 1400

    Sale of Indulgences

    Sale of Indulgences
    In the Catholic church during the Renaissance, "indulgences" were seen as a way to reduce one's suffering for their sins after death. These indulgences were paid through currency to the church and challenged by Martin Luther during the Protestant Reformation. The sale of indulgences has gone on since the tenth century but was very debated during the Renaissance.
  • 1440

    Printing Revolution

    Printing Revolution
    The Printing Revolution began when Johannes Gutenberg created the printing press. This printing press made books more accessible for everyone through its easier production. In comparison to forty, handmade pages per day, the printing press could make 3,600 pages.
  • Jan 1, 1449

    Lorenzo de' Medici Birth

    Lorenzo de' Medici Birth
    Lorenzo de' Medici was an avid patron of the arts during the Renaissance and the ruler of the Florence Republic. He was very supportive of individuals who were making their impact during the Renaissance and respected scholars, artists, and poets alike. He was a very powerful politician and diplomat during his time.
  • Apr 15, 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci Birth

    Leonardo da Vinci Birth
    Leonardo da Vinci is perhaps the most well-known man of the Renaissance. He was a very well-rounded individual and was seen as the ideal "Renaissance Man" for his advancements in art, science, and technology. He painted the most renowned portrait of all time, the "Mona Lisa".
  • Oct 28, 1466

    Erasmus Birth

    Erasmus Birth
    Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus or "Erasmus" was a philosopher and scholar during the Renaissance and is credited for his classical scholarship in Christianity. His beliefs were based in piety and that every individual has the potential for self improvement. He was also a firm believer of humanism and translated works such as the Bible into Greek and Latin.
  • Feb 19, 1473

    Nicholas Copernicus Birth

    Nicholas Copernicus Birth
    Nicholas Copernicus or "Copernicus" was a mathematician and astronomer during the Renaissance. He was famous for his model of the universe that placed the sun at the middle with planets revolving around it rather than the Earth being in center.
  • Mar 6, 1475

    Michelangelo Birth

    Michelangelo Birth
    Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, better known as "Michelangelo" was another artist from the Renaissance who created paintings and sculptures based around religious ideals. He was also an architect and a poet, but most recognize his works done in the Sistine Chapel as well his "David" sculpture.
  • Apr 6, 1483

    Raphael Birth

    Raphael Birth
    Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino or "Raphael" was also a renowned artist during the Renaissance, though perhaps not as well-known as that of da Vinci or Michelangelo. His style was seen as calm and gentle in his paintings rather than being intense with values, and he also worked in the Vatican. One of his best works is "The School of Athens" depicting many different Greek philosophers.
  • Nov 10, 1483

    Martin Luther Birth

    Martin Luther Birth
    Martin Luther was a key figure in the Protestant Reformation. He was a German professor in theology as well as a composer, priest, and monk. He was known for his rejections towards certain teachings in Roman Catholicism. He had controversial views towards indulgencies.
  • Jun 28, 1491

    King Henry VIII Birth

    King Henry VIII Birth
    Henry VIII, the King of England in the 16th century was known for his multiple marriages (6). He divorced his first wife despite the sin of terminating a marriage in Roman Catholicism. His second wife was beheaded, his third wife passed, his fourth wife was also divorced, his fifth wife beheaded, and his sixth (final) wife surviving. His marriages were for the sake of politics, the title, and conceiving an heir.
  • 1508

    Heliocentric Theory

    Heliocentric Theory
    The Heliocentric Theory, which was debated during the Renaissance, claims that the sun is at the center of the solar system rather than the Earth (Geocentrism Theory). Educated astronomers such as Copernicus and Galileo believed in this theory and hoped to prove it to those who were still set on the Geocentrism Theory.
  • 1542

    Inquisition

    Inquisition
    The Inquisition during the Renaissance era, also known as "The Roman Inquisition" was a set of institutions whose goal was to fight against heresy in the midst of the Protestant Reformation. Their aim was to eradicate the spread of Protestantism and keep the Roman Catholic's original teachings in place.
  • 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    The Council of Trent was the council that represented the Catholic church during the time of the Protestant Reformation. The Council of Trent is said to be the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation. This council was used to make decisions regarding the church in the face of the Reformation's protests.
  • 1561

    Scientific Method

    Scientific Method
    The Scientific Method was first patented by Sir Francis Bacon despite its usage in ancient times. This method includes a logical way of making predictions and proving those predictions through observations, research, hypotheses, and experimentation. Many scientists during the Renaissance practiced the Scientific Method.
  • 1564

    William Shakespeare Birth

    William Shakespeare Birth
    William Shakespeare was a masterful poet, playwright, and actor during the Renaissance and created many plays that we still recognize today. He is very important in literature with his extensive vocabulary and creativity.
  • Feb 15, 1564

    Galileo Birth

    Galileo Birth
    Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de' Galilei or "Galileo" was an astronomer, physicist, and engineer during the Renaissance. Fathering many different factors of the Renaissance's math and sciences, Galileo discovered properties of motion and space such as discovering the four Galilean moons of Jupiter: IO, Ganymede, Europa, and Callisto.
  • Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton
    Isaac Newton or just "Newton" was perhaps once of the most renowned figures in the Renaissance for his contributions towards mathematics and physics. Newton was a key factor in the scientific revolution and he had many discoveries such as work in calculus and his three laws of motion.