Project Vietnam

Timeline created by Mkeane
In History
  • The Vietnamese celebrate their victory over the French

    The Vietnamese celebrate their victory over the French
    Vietnam wins a 55 day war over the French.Three thousand French troops were killed, 8,000 wounded. The Viet Minh suffered much worse, with 8,000 dead and 12,000 wounded, Although Vietnam had a much larger loss of soldiers, they pulled through and took over.
  • During 1959 the Ho Chi Minh Trail is created.

    During 1959 the Ho Chi Minh Trail is created.
    A specialized North Vietnamese Army unit, Group 559, is formed to create a supply route from North Vietnam to Vietcong forces in South Vietnam. This trail became known as the Ho Chi Minh trail.
  • In early 1961 Operation Ranchland Begins.

     In early 1961 Operation Ranchland Begins.
    The goal of Ranchhand is to clear vegetation alongside highways, making it more difficult for the Vietcong to conceal themselves for ambushes. Vast tracts of forest are sprayed with "Agent Orange," an herbicide containing the deadly chemical Dioxin. Guerrilla trails and base areas are exposed, and crops that might feed Vietcong units are destroyed.
  • Late 1961 President John F. Kennedy order more troops to help South Vietnam.

    Late 1961 President John F. Kennedy order more troops to help South Vietnam.
    President John F. Kennedy orders more help for South Vietnam in it's war against the Vietcong guerrillas. He provides them with more than 3,000 troops and support personnel.
  • The first American fight against the Vietcong.

    The first American fight against the Vietcong.
    In Operation Chopper, helicopters flown by U.S. Army pilots ferry 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers to sweep a National Liberation Front stronghold near Saigon.
  • The U.S passes the Gulf of Tokin Resolution.

    The U.S passes the Gulf of Tokin Resolution.
    The U.S. congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Johnson the power to take whatever actions he sees necessary to defend southeast Asia.
  • The Americans are attacked by NLF commandos.

    The Americans are attacked by NLF commandos.
    A U.S. helicopter base and advisory compound in the central highlands of South Vietnam is attacked by NLF commandos. Nine Americans are killed and more than 70 are wounded.
  • President Johnson authorizes Operation Rolling Thunder

    President Johnson authorizes Operation Rolling Thunder
    President Johnson authorizes Operation Rolling Thunder, a limited but long lasting bombing offensive. Its aim is to force North Vietnam to stop supporting Vietcong guerrillas in the South.
  • The Americans attack North Vietnam's transports.

    The Americans attack North Vietnam's transports.
    An American campaign against North Vietnam's transport system begins. In a month-long offensive, Navy and Air Force planes hit bridges, road and rail junctions, truck parks and supply depots.
  • America's first ground operation is launched.

    America's first ground operation is launched.
    General William Westmoreland launches the first purely offensive operation by American ground forces in Vietnam, sweeping into NLF territory just northwest of Saigon.
  • U.S forces launch Operation Crimp

    U.S forces launch Operation Crimp
    U.S. forces launch Operation Crimp. Deploying nearly 8,000 troops, it is the largest American operation of the war. The goal of the campaign is to capture the Vietcong's headquarters for the Saigon area, which is believed to be located in the district of Chu Chi. The American's fail to find the headquarters.
  • The Americans are attacked on Route 13.

    The Americans are attacked on Route 13.
    On Route 13, which links Vietnam to the Cambodian border, American forces are brutally assaulted by the Vietcong. Only American air and artillery support prevents a complete disaster.
  • The American's begin to attack North Vietnam's airfields.

    The American's begin to attack North Vietnam's airfields.
    American attacks on North Vietnam's airfields begin. The attacks inflict heavy damage on runways and installations. By the end of the year, all but one of the North's Mig bases has been hit.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder comes to a close.

    Operation Rolling Thunder comes to a close.
    After three-and-a-half years, Operation Rolling Thunder comes to an end. In total, the campaign had cost more than 900 American aircraft. Eight hundred and eighteen pilots are dead or missing, and hundreds are in captivity.
  • The last two American's in the war die.

    The last two American's in the war die.
    At 4:03 a.m., two U.S. Marines are killed in a rocket attack at Saigon's Tan Son Nhut airport. They are the last Americans to die in the Vietnam War.
  • Period: to

    U.S launches Operation Birmingham.

    In Operation Birmingham, more than 5,000 U.S. troops, backed by huge numbers of helicopters and armored vehicles, sweep the area around north of Saigon.