Period 4

Timeline created by Rebecca Ellinger
In History
  • Second Great Awakening

    Second Great Awakening
    It led to the Temperance Movement, the Women's suffrage Movement and the Abolitionist Movement in which people advocated for emancipation on religious grounds.
  • Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin
    A machine that revolutionized the production of cotton by greatly speeding up the process of removing seeds from cotton fiber.
  • Thomas Jefferson Elected President

    Thomas Jefferson Elected President
    The Democratic-Republicans defeated the Federalists for the first time.
  • Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt

    Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt
    Showed how fully African Americans embraced central currents of American politics and culture.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    A land deal between the United States and France, in which the U.S. acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    The first U.S. Supreme Court case to apply the principle of "judicial review" -- the power of federal courts to void acts of Congress in conflict with the Constitution.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    A law passed by the United State Congress and signed by President Thomas Jefferson that prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports
  • Chesapeake-Leopard Affair

    Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
    A naval engagement that occurred off the coast of Norfolk, Virginia
  • James Madison Elected President

    James Madison Elected President
    The sixth quadrennial presidential election
  • Non-Intercourse Act

    Non-Intercourse Act
    Lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports.
  • Francis Cabot Lowell Smuggled Memorized Textile Mill Plans from Manchester, England

    Francis Cabot Lowell Smuggled Memorized Textile Mill Plans from Manchester, England
    Started the Industrial Revolution in America
  • Rush-Bagot Treaty

    Rush-Bagot Treaty
    A treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
  • Death of Tecumseh

    Death of Tecumseh
    Led to the collapse of the Indian resistance.
  • The British Burn Washington DC

    The British Burn Washington DC
    A British invasion of Washington, D.C.
  • Harford Covention

    Harford Covention
    The New England Federalist Party met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812.
  • End of the War of 1812

    End of the War of 1812
    The War of 1812 ended with The Treaty of Ghent and said nothing about the maritime issues that had caused the war and contained nothing to suggest that America had achieved its aims.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    A decisive victory was followed shortly afterward by news of a peace treaty
  • Treaty of Ghent Ratified

    Treaty of Ghent Ratified
    A peace treaty ending the War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States.
  • Era of Good Feeling Began

    Era of Good Feeling Began
    a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the War of 1812.
  • James Monroe Elected President

    James Monroe Elected President
    The Republican candidate who defeated Rufus King, the Federalist candidate
  • Anglo-American Convention

    Anglo-American Convention
    Resolved lingering boundary disputes between British North America and the United States of America.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    A treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819 that ceded Florida to the U.S. and defined the boundary between the U.S. and New Spain.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    Gave Congress the power to establish a national bank.
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    Banks throughout the country failed; mortgages were foreclosed, forcing people out of their homes and off their farms.
  • Dartmouth College V. Woodward

    Dartmouth College V. Woodward
    A landmark decision in United States corporate law from the United States Supreme Court dealing with the application of the Contracts Clause of the United States Constitution to private corporations.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    A bill granting Missouri statehood as a slave state under the condition that slavery was to be forever prohibited in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt

    Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt
    A failed slave revolt the failed because a slave told his slave owner.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    A foreign policy statement which created separate spheres of European and American influence.
  • John Quincy Adams Elected President

    John Quincy Adams Elected President
    Outspoken in his opposition to slavery and in support of freedom of speech.
  • Gibbons V. Ogden

    Gibbons V. Ogden
    A landmark decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce
  • Erie Canal Completed

    Erie Canal Completed
    It connected Lake Erie and the Great Lakes system to the Hudson River, and thereby gave the western states direct access to the Atlantic Ocean without shipping goods downstream on the Mississippi River to New Orleans.
  • Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community

    Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community
    A Community intention of creating a new utopian community and renamed it New Harmony.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    The protective tariffs taxed all foreign goods, to boost the sales of US products and protect Northern manufacturers from cheap British goods.
  • Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons of Intemperance"

    Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons of Intemperance"
    Sermons about heavy drinking in America.
  • Andrew Jackson Elected President

    Andrew Jackson Elected President
    Democrat Andrew Jackson defeated National Republican
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    An act that authorized the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.
  • Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints

    Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints
    Founded the Mormon Church.
  • Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York

    Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York
    Led to the establishment of reform movements to address injustices and alleviate suffering
  • Worcester V. Georgia

    Worcester V. Georgia
    A case in which the United States Supreme Court vacated the conviction of Samuel Worcester and held that the Georgia criminal statute that prohibited non-Native Americans from being present on Native American lands without a license from the state
  • Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States

    Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States
    He argued that in the form presented to him it was incompatible with “justice,” “sound policy” and the Constitution.
  • Nullification Crisis Began

    Nullification Crisis Began
    The convention declared that the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and unenforceable within the state of South Carolina.
  • Black Hawk War

    Black Hawk War
    It involved a number of men who would go on to important national political and military careers, not least three future presidents: Abraham Lincoln, Zachary Taylor, and Jefferson Davis.
  • Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.

    Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.
    The party was formed opposing the policies of President Andrew Jackson and the Democratic Party.
  • Treaty of New Echota

    Treaty of New Echota
    It cost three men their lives and provided the legal basis for the Trail of Tears.
  • Catherine Beecher Published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers

    Catherine Beecher Published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers
    Promoted equal access of education of women for a full range of subjects.
  • Transcendental Club's First Meeting

    Transcendental Club's First Meeting
    A group of New England intellectuals of the early-to-mid-19th century which gave rise to Transcendentalism.
  • First McGuffey Reader Published

    First McGuffey Reader Published
    A series of graded primers for grade levels 1-6.
  • Texas Declared Independence from Mexico

    Texas Declared Independence from Mexico
    Led to Texas being a state of the US.
  • Battle at the Alamo

    Battle at the Alamo
    An important battle for Texans fighting for independence from Mexico.
  • Martin Van Buren Elected President

    Martin Van Buren Elected President
    His policies were unpopular and he failed to win a second term.
  • Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular

    Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular
    The government would only accept gold or silver in payment for federal land.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    A crisis in financial and economic conditions in the nation following changes in the banking system initiated by President Andrew Jackson and his Specie Circular that effectively dried up credit.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"

    Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"
    A speech to a group of graduating divinity students, their professors, and local ministers on July 15, 1838, at Divinity Hall that questioned the validity of holy communion. He discussed the failures of historical Christianity.
  • Trail of Tears Began

    Trail of Tears Began
    The Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma.
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

    Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    Settled disputes over the northern boundary between the United States and Canada.
  • Treaty of Wanghia with China

    Treaty of Wanghia with China
    These arrangements made up a complex of foreign privileges by virtue of the most-favored-nation clauses conceded to every signatory.
  • James Polk Elected President

    James Polk Elected President
    Led the nation into the Mexican-American War
  • Beginning of Manifest Destiny

    Beginning of Manifest Destiny
    The territorial expansion of the United States
  • U.S. Annexation of Texas

    U.S. Annexation of Texas
    Texas became the 28th state in the USA.
  • Start of the Mexican War

    Start of the Mexican War
    Led to the The Treaty of Guadalupe, the oldest treaty still in force between the United States and Mexico.
  • Bear Flag Revolt

    Bear Flag Revolt
    A party of more than 30 Americans invaded the largely defenseless Mexican outpost of Sonoma just north of San Francisco.
  • Horace Mann Elected Secretary

    Horace Mann Elected Secretary
    Started the "Common School Movement" a movement devoted to creating a more equitable public school system characterized by quality teachers and a nonsectarian approach.
  • John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community

    John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community
    A utopian religious community that developed out of a Society of Inquiry.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Added an additional 525,000 square miles to United States territory.
  • Gold Rush Began in California

    Gold Rush Began in California
    Had severe effects on Native Californians and resulted in a precipitous population decline from disease, genocide and starvation.
  • Commodore Matthew Perry Entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the U.S.

    Commodore Matthew Perry Entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the U.S.
    Re-established for the first time in over 200 years regular trade and discourse between Japan and the western world.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    An agreement between the United States and Mexico in which the United States agreed to pay Mexico $10 million for a 29,670 square mile portion of Mexico that later became part of Arizona and New Mexico.
  • Henry David Thoreau Published Civil Disobedience

    Henry David Thoreau Published Civil Disobedience
    Espouses the need to prioritize one's conscience over the dictates of laws.
  • Kanagawa Treaty

    Kanagawa Treaty
    The first treaty between Japan and the United States that was signed by Commodore Matthew Perry and Shogunate representatives of the Japanese government