Medical History Timline

Timeline created by kaliavue
  • Period:
    400
    to
    Jan 1, 800

    Dark Ages

    The study of medical science stopped for over 1,000 years, medicine practiced only in monestaries and convents, and monks and priests provided care and herbal medicine to the sick.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 800
    to
    Jan 1, 1400

    Middle Ages

    There were many plagues and epidemics being spread such as the bubonic plague, smallpox, dipheria, syphilis, and tuberculosis.
  • Jan 1, 850

    Gun Powder is Invented

    Gun Powder is Invented
    Gun powder was invented by the Chinese. The main medical problem by the use of gunpowder in wars was that it caused infections in wounds.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1000
    to

    First School of Medicine Established in Salerno, Italy

    Some time durring this time frame (not specified in textbook or online), the first school of medicine was established in Salerno, Italy. It was founded by a Jewish Rabbi Elinus, a Greek Pontus, a Saracen Adala, an Arab, and a native of Salerno
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1200
    to
    Jan 1, 1300

    First Strict Measures For Control of Public Hygiene Instituted

    The practice of cleanliness was increasing. People would wash, bath and clean their teeth.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1300
    to
    Jan 1, 1400

    First Dissection of Human Corpse

    Catholic church frowned upon human dissection, so only animals were available for anatomical study. Finally, criminals were used for medical researches and dissection. bodies of criminals were used for dissection
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1400
    to
    Jan 1, 1500

    First Recorded Regulations For Mid-wives

    A mid wife was a person (typically a woman) trained to assist women in childbirth. They would help a women give birth by providing support, a cloth for the baby, and aide.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1400
    to

    Rennaissance (Rebirth of Science)

    The renaissance stimulated medical practice, physicians and scholars began to scientifically study medicine, medical schools were built, the printing press was invented, and the study of the body by dissection. Also, the average life span was 30 to 40 years.
  • Sep 25, 1440

    The Printing Press by Johannes Gutenberg

    The Printing Press by Johannes Gutenberg
    Johannes Gutenberg, a german inventor, invented to printing press. Because of the invention, it allowed books to be made quickly and information about medicine to spread.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Martin Luther Nails 95 Theses on the Door of Wittenburg Church

    Martin Luther Nails 95 Theses on the Door of Wittenburg Church
    By nailing the 95 theses, it lead to the creation of lutheran churches. Becaus there was also a lutheren church, people were now able to have different beliefs about religion, science, and medicine.
  • Jan 1, 1543

    Andreas Vesalius Publishes The First Scientific Text on Human Anatomy.

     Andreas Vesalius Publishes The First Scientific Text on Human Anatomy.
    Andreas Vesalius's On the Fabric of the Human Body, is the first scientific text on human anatomy to be published.
  • The Microscope is Invented by Antone Von Leeuwenhoek

    The Microscope is Invented by Antone Von Leeuwenhoek
    The microcope allowed scientists, nurse, and doctors to see microscopic organisms and bacteria.
  • Bacteria is Discovered by Antony Van Leeuenhoek

    Bacteria is Discovered by Antony Van Leeuenhoek
    Antony Van Leeuwenhoek discovered bacteria by observing the plaque between his own teeth (as well as others) under a microsope. He discovered that there were different "animalcules' in great numbers and they were alive.
  • Period: to

    Obsterics Established as a Separate Branch of Medicine.

    Obstetrics is the branch of medicine concerned with the care of a woman during her pregnancy, delivery (parturition), and recovery from childbirth (puerperium). British physicians William Smellie and William Hunter made advances in obstetrics that established this field as a separate branch of medicine
  • The First Mercury Thermometer is Invented by Gabriel Fahrenheit

    The First Mercury Thermometer is Invented by Gabriel Fahrenheit
    This allowed doctors, nurses, and people to find out what the temperature of their body were.
  • The Refrigerator is Invented by Willium Cullen

    The Refrigerator is Invented by Willium Cullen
    The refrigerator allowed food to last longer and not spoil. This affected the medical field because it allowed chemicals to be stored and last longer and it prevented food poisoning.
  • Bifocals are Invented for Glasses by Benjamin Franklin

    Bifocals are Invented for Glasses by Benjamin Franklin
    He invented bifocals because he was getting old and had trouble seeing up-close and at a distance. He devised a way to have both types of lenses fit into the frame by placing the distance lens at the top and the the up-close lens at the bottom.
  • William Harvey Desribed the Circulation of Blood to and From the Heart.

    William Harvey Desribed the Circulation of Blood to and From the Heart.
    He dissected live animals and the bodies of executed criminals to learn about the circulation of blood. He saw that the heart acted as a pump, pushing the blood throughout the body. Harvey saw that the one-way valves described by "Fabricius" meant the blood could only flow in one direction.
  • Vaccination Against Smallpox Developed by Edward Jenner

    Vaccination Against Smallpox Developed by Edward Jenner
    Eward Jenner invented the vaccination against smallpox after putting some puss from a milkmaids blisters and putting it on James Phipps. Then, Edward Jenner exposed James Phipps to smallpox (after James had recovered), but James didn't get infected. From this experiment, he learned that having cowpox can immunizes smallpox.
  • Period: to

    Diagnostic Tools are Invented

    Some diagnostic tools invented in the 1800's are micriscope, thermometer, and x-rays (Roentgenograms).
  • Stethoscope is invented by Rene Laennec

    Stethoscope is invented by Rene Laennec
    Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope because he was unable to feel the heartbeat of a patient. His first stethoscope was made up of a hollowed wooden tube. After his death, the stethoscope was improved by having a rubber tubing and binaural earpieces.
  • Period: to

    Ignaz Semmelweis Institutes Hand Washing

    In the 1840s, he encouraged physicians to wash hands with "lime" after performing autosies and before delivering babies to prevent childbirth fever. Medical students who didn't wash their hands caused the death of many newborns and mothers.
  • First Practical Anesthetic, Ether, Introduced by Dr. Crawford Long

    First Practical Anesthetic, Ether, Introduced by Dr. Crawford Long
    Dr. Crawford Long used Ether for minor surgeries. For example, James Venable had a tumor in his neck, so Dr. Crawford Long used Ether to leasen the pain.
  • Period: to

    The First Womens Rights Convention is Drafted byElizabeth Cady Stanton

    The convention was held in the Wesleyan Chapel in Seneca Falls, New York. 68 women and 32 men signed the Declaration of Sentiments which was drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Elizabeth Blackwell Became the First Women Physician in the U.S.

    Elizabeth Blackwell Became the First Women Physician in the U.S.
    After she became the first women to be a doctor of medicine she went to England and suffered a serious eye infection which left her blind in one eye and she abandoned her plan to become a surgeon. She also inspired Florence Nightingale to persue nursing.
  • Florence Nightingale Starts the Fistr Nursing School

    Florence Nightingale Starts the Fistr Nursing School
    Florence Nightingale opened the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses at St. Thojmas' Hosptital in London.
  • Dorthia Dix Appointed Superintendant of Female Nurses of the Army

    Dorthia Dix Appointed Superintendant of Female Nurses of the Army
    She was known for her work in the battle field and as a superintendant of female officers. She is the most forgotten women in history.
  • Antiseptics Used for the First Time Durring Surgery by Joseph Lister

    Antiseptics Used for the First Time Durring Surgery by Joseph Lister
    He used antiseptics during surgeries to prevent infections. The antiseptic principle remains today as the cornerstone of modern surgery.
  • Period: to

    Robert Koch Disovers Many Disease-Causeing-Organisms

    The "Father of Microbiolgy" established the bacterial cause of many infectious diseases and discovered the microorganisms causing anthrax (1876), wound infections (1878), tuberculosis (1882), conjunctivitis (1883), cholera (1884),
  • Germ Theory Introduced by Louis Pasteur

    Germ Theory Introduced by Louis Pasteur
    -Louis Pasteur discovered that sour milk was caused by bacteria and yeasts added to bread or starter cultures for yogurt and cheese were causing diseases and sickness.
  • The Light Bulb is Invented by Thomas Alva Eddison

    The Light Bulb is Invented by Thomas Alva Eddison
    Edison eventually produced a bulb that could glow for over 1500 hours. Light bulbs allow hospitals to have lights adn for surgeons to see better when performing surgeries.
  • Red Cross is Founded by Clara Barton

    Red Cross is Founded by Clara Barton
    Clara Barton, dubbed the "Angel of the Battlefield," begins aid to servicemen in Civil War. Then, at age 60, she founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and led it for the next 23 years.
  • Rabies Vaccine Discovered by Louis Pasteur

    Rabies Vaccine Discovered by Louis Pasteur
    All human cases of rabies were fatal until rabies vaccines were discovered. Some effects from getting rabies are headaches, fevers, and even comas.
    Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Émile Roux were experimenting with a vaccine they harvested from infected rabbits. When Joseph Meister was bitten by a rabid dog, Pasteur and Roux used their vaccine and it worked.
  • X-Ray's are discovered by William Roentgen

    X-Ray's are discovered by William Roentgen
    He invented the X-ray by evacuating a tube of all air, filled it with a special gas, and passed a high electric voltage through it. The tube produced a fluorescent glow and he shielded the tube with heavy black paper,
    He named the new ray X-ray, because in mathematics "X" is used to indicated the unknown quantity.
  • Major Blood Types are Identified by Karl Land Steiner

    Major Blood Types are Identified by Karl Land Steiner
    Karl Land Steiner discovered the major blood types after trying to learn why blood transfusions sometimes cause death and at other times save a patient.
  • Marie Curie Isolated Radium

    Marie Curie Isolated Radium
    Marie Currie succeeded in isolating pure, metallic radium but dies from lukemia due to exposure to radium.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

    There was an advance in surgeries and amputatation because of the numerous injuries of the soldiers. World War 1 was one of the many reasons why the influenza flu spread so fast.
  • Period: to

    The Influenza Flu

    Influenza left the survivors in sadness and depression because so many people were dying. People relied on science to cure the flu, but there weren't any medicine to cure it because it was a virus. Parades, gatherings, and celebrations caused the flu to spead very quickly.
  • First Antibiotic Drug, Penicillin, Discovered by Alexander Flemming

    First Antibiotic Drug, Penicillin, Discovered by Alexander Flemming
    The first antibiotic, penicilliin, is discovered by Alexander Fleming. It was considered one of the most important discoveries in teh twentieth century.
  • Period: to

    Holocaust

    Although this was a depressing and sad time period, the medical field grew. German scientist tested immunization compounds for diseases, including malaria, typhus, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, yellow fever, and hepatitis on jews.
  • Automic Bomb

    Automic Bomb
    The first automic bomb was made in 1945 and set off on July 16, 1945, by the members in the Manhatten project. After numerous bombs were set off (in the U.S. and Japan), radioactive chemicals were discovered be bad for health.
  • Period: to

    Albert Sabin Developed an Oral Live-Polio Vaccine

    In the mid 1950s, Alber Sabin created the oral polio vaccine, which was more effective tha Salk's vaccine.
  • Jonas Salk Discovered an Altered Polio Virus Vaccine.

    Jonas Salk Discovered an Altered Polio Virus Vaccine.
    Jonas Salk disovered an altered polio virus vaccine. He developed the vaccine by growing it in a monkey's kidney
  • Invention of the Radar by Sir Robert Alexander Watson

    Invention of the Radar by Sir Robert Alexander Watson
    The first practical radar system was invented in 1935 by the Scotish physicist Sir Robert Alexander Watson. This affected the medical field because doctors and nurses were ready to help and aid people after natural disasters and prepare for them.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Gives his "I Have a Dream" Speech

    Martin Luther King Jr. Gives his "I Have a Dream" Speech
    Martin Luther King Jr. gave an inspiring speech to his audience. His speech inspired african americans to strive for their own dreams. His speech was a factor that led to african americans getting freedom getting occupations in the health care field.
  • Invention of the Measels Vaccine by Maurice Hilleman

    Invention of the Measels Vaccine by Maurice Hilleman
    The measles is a slighly contagious disease of young children, caused by a virus and spread by droplet spray from the nose, mouth, and throat of individuals in the infective stage. The measles will have an appearance of the rash and lasts from 2 to 5 days
  • Invention of the Mumps Vaccine by Maurice Hilleman

    Invention of the Mumps Vaccine by Maurice Hilleman
    The mumps are a viral disease, manifesting itself chiefly in pain and swelling of the salivary glands.
  • Christian Benard Performed the World's First Heart Translpant Surgery

    Christian Benard Performed the World's First Heart Translpant Surgery
    Christiaan Barnard performed the first human heart transplant but his patient, Mr Louis Washkansky, only lived for 18 days, because of pneumonia.
  • Metric System is Invented by French National Assembly

    Metric System is Invented by French National Assembly
    In 1790, the French National Assembly directed the Academy of Sciences of Paris to standardize the units of measurement. The metric system contributed to the medical field because it allowed medicine and chemicals to be accurately measured.
  • The Cellular Phone is Invented by Martin Cooper

    The Cellular Phone is Invented by Martin Cooper
    Although the telephone was still dominant, other companies started coming out with cell phones, although they were still large and heavy. Cell phones affect the health care field because people can now call "911" and get medical help where ever they are.
  • Vaccine for Chicken Pox is Invented by Michiaki Takahashi

    Vaccine for Chicken Pox is Invented by Michiaki Takahashi
    Before the vaccine was invented, parents held parties to infect their children with chicken pox. After the children get the virus, they won't get the chicken pox anymore.
  • First Test Tube Baby is Born, Louis Brown

    First Test Tube Baby is Born, Louis Brown
    On November 10, 1977, Lesley Brown underwent the very experimental in vitro ("in glass") fertilization procedure because her fallopian tubes were blocked. Lesley had one of he
  • First Gene Therapy to Treat Disease by William French Anderson

    First Gene Therapy to Treat Disease by William French Anderson
    The inserrtation of genes into an individual's cells and tissues to treat a disease, and hereditary disease in particular. The first patient was a four-year old girl.
  • Period: to

    Dolly The Sheep

    Tissue cloning, the process of creating an identical copy of an original, cloned Dolly the Sheep.
  • Scientists Discover how to use Human Skin Cells to Create Embyonic Stem Cells.

    Scientists Discover how to use Human Skin Cells to Create Embyonic Stem Cells.
    Stem cells are cells that are able to differentiate into specialized cell types.
  • The Telephone is Invented by Alexander Graham Belle

    The Telephone is Invented by Alexander Graham Belle
    The telephone allowed people to communicate and people were able to call the police/ambulance for help and emergenices. For example, a pregnant women may not be able to get out of her house to find someone to take her to the hospital, so she would call a neighbor or 911 for help.