Logan Donough - Labor Unions and Strikes

Timeline created by intensity98
  • Noble Order of the Knights of Labor

    Noble Order of the Knights of Labor
    The Noble Order of the Knights of Labor was organized by Philidelphia garment workers in 1869. It was mostly opened to farmers, merchants, and wage earners. The objectives of this event was to have equal pay for equal work, abolition of child labor, and to only have 8 hour work days.
  • How the Other Half Lives

    How the Other Half Lives
    This passage is about how not onlky kids, but many adults lived back then. There were very little houses with many families in them. Many poeple slept on the streets because their houses were too crammed.
  • Labor Day Holiday Created

    Labor Day Holiday Created
    This was created to recognize the labor movement. It is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. Labor Day is celebrated the first Monday of every September.
  • American Federation of Labor (AFL)

    American Federation of Labor (AFL)
    This was made to have better working conditions and to get better pay. This put union labels on produced items. Provided mostly goods, not services.
  • Haymarket Square Riot

    Haymarket Square Riot
    This satarted when workers in Chicago marched for an 8 hor day. Police came to break up the riot, 8 policemen dead and 100s injured. Anarchists were blamed for the violence because they were the main protesters.
  • Homestead Strike

    Homestead Strike
    There was an industrial lockout and strike culminating in a battle between the strikers and private security agents. This was one of the most serious disputes in US labor history. This occured at the Homestead Steal Works in the Pittsburgh area town of Homestead, PA. The ending result was as major defeat for the union, and settbacks for efforts to unionize steelworkers.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    House rents were super high, but during the Great Depression they refused to lower the prices of rent. Workers went on strike, within days thousands of railroad workers in 27 territories went on strike also. Union leaders were arrested and imprisioned, the strike collapsed.
  • Coal Strike

    Coal Strike
    United Mine Workers of America in the coal fields of eastern PA. Strike threatened to shut down the winter fuel supply to all major cities. It was the first labor act when the federal government intervened as a neutral arbitrator.
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
    This is about how bad and gross the meat was for you back then. They didn't have any laws ssaying that they had to get tested for cleanliness before shipping the meat. Many things such as dead/rotting cow, sawdust, and rats slipped in the meat grinder with the fresh cow meat.
  • The Bitter Cry of Children

    The Bitter Cry of Children
    This passage explains how bad child labor was back then. Many children working in coal mines had back problems because they spent 14 hours a day slouching forwards. They only got 50-60 cents a day.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    The federal government provided inspection of meats and drugs. They forbade the manifacture, sale, and transportation of food products and poisonous patent medicine. The reason this act started was because of how bad the meats and medicines were doing instead of good.
  • Triangle Shirt Factory Fire

    Triangle Shirt Factory Fire
    In 18 minutes 146 people died within the fire. Many poeple were trapped because they were locked in there offices. Many people tried to jump off the building through the window but, died.
  • Congress of Industrial Organization

    Congress of Industrial Organization
    This organization was a part of the AFL until 1935. They split apart because it advocated organization along industrial lines instead of craft lines. They reintegrated into the AFL again in 1955.
  • The National Labor Relations Act

    The National Labor Relations Act
    This was made to give he power to punish unfair labor practices to the people. During this time period the National Labor Relations Board was created. Pro labor was also created during this time.
  • GM Sit-down Strike

    GM Sit-down Strike
    Shut down all GM plant operations in many cities. Workers striked within the work places. The strike spread to other GM plants and to other states and cities.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    Fair Labor Standards Act
    Minimum ages of employment were regulated by law. So were the hours of work for children. The federal regulation of child labor was achieved during this period.
  • Steel Strike

    Steel Strike
    This strike was by the United Steelworkers of America against the U.S. Steel and 9 other steelmaker companies. This was scheduled to begin April 9, 1952 but, president Harry S. Truman nationalized the American steel industry hours before the workers walked out. Steel companies sued to regain their control of their facilities. On June 2, 1952 the Supreme Court ruled that the president lacked the authority to seize the steel mills. The Steelworkers got n increase in wages and ended on July 24.
  • Major League Baseball Strike

    Major League Baseball Strike
    This was the first MLB strike in baseball history and ended April 13, 1972. Baseball resumed when teh players and owners agreed on a $500,000 increase in pension fund payment. THe 86 games that were missed over the strike were never played because the league didn't want to pay the players for games that they never played.
  • New York City Transit Strike

    New York City Transit Strike
    Strike that was called by the TWU. It started because the workers didn't agree with the new cantract, broke down retirement, pension, and wage increases. Shut down ALL New York City tranportations, such as subways.