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  • Piaget is Born

    Piaget is Born
    Jean Will Fritz Piaget was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
    He was the oldest child of Arthur Piaget, a professor, and of Rebecca Jackson. After high school graduation, he studied natural sciences at the University of Neuchâtel. Before becoming a Psychologist, he obtained a Ph.D in Philosophy and Natural History.
  • Period: to

    Jean Piaget

  • The Beginning of his Studies

    The Beginning of his Studies
    Piaget first developed as a psychologist in the 1920s. He investigated the hidden side of children’s minds. Piaget proposed that children moved from a position of egocentrism to sociocentrism. For this explanation he combined the use of psychological and clinical methods to create what he called a semiclinical interview. He began the interview by asking children standardized questions and depending on how they answered, he would ask them a series of nonstandard questions
  • Studies

    Studies
    He spent a semester at the University of Zurich where he took a liking to psychoanalysis, and while there he attended Carl Jung’s lectures. He left Switzerland to go study abnormal psychology and logic in France and ended up working there as well. He spent a year at a Boy’s Institute that was created by Alfred Binet and De Simon. He later went back to Switzerland where he began observing children in their natural environment.
    He later became director of studies at the J.-J. Rousseau Institute.
  • Family

    Family
    Jean and Valentine Châtenay were married. The couple had three children, Jacqueline, Lucienne and Laurent.Being that their father had a passion for children’s ways of thinking, Piaget studied their intellectual development from infancy to the time they could speak.
  • Professional Accomplishments

    Professional Accomplishments
    From 1925-29, he was a professor of Psychology, Sociology and Philosophy of Science at the University of Neuchatel. While Piaget was at the University of Geneva from 1929-1980, he was director of the International Bureau of Education, director of the Institute of Educational Sciences, and the director of the International Center for Genetic Epistemology. He was coeditor of eight journals and has honorary doctorates from Harvard, Manchester, Cambridge and about 28 other universities.
  • Honors

    Honors
    He received the Erasmus Prize in 1972.
    In 1979 he was awarded the Balzan Prize for Social and Political Sciences.
  • The Death

    The Death
    He died in Geneva on September 16, 1980 of unspecified causes.
  • Influence

    Influence
    His theory of cognitive development has proved influential in many different areas:
    Developmental psychology
    Education and Morality
    Historical studies of thought and cognition
    Evolution
    Philosophy
    Primatology
    Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Stages of the Theory

    Stages of the Theory
    The four development stages are described in Piaget's theory as:
    Sensorimotor stage: From birth to age 2. Children experience the world through movement and senses.
    Preoperational stage: From ages 2 to 7,Children cannot conserve or use logical thinking.
    Concrete operational stage: From ages 7 to 11 Children begin to think logically but are very concrete in their thinking.
    Formal operational stage: From age 11-16 and onwards, Children develop abstract thought and can easily think logically.
  • Philosophy

    Philosophy
    Some have taken into account of Piaget's work. For example, the philosopher and social theorist Jürgen Habermas has incorporated Piaget into his work, most notably in The Theory of Communicative Action. The philosopher Thomas Kuhn credited Piaget's work with helping him to understand the transition between modes of thought which characterized his theory of paradigm shifts.