Haiti and Santo DomingoHaiti and Santo Domingo
After François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture (François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture) faced accusations in Spanish, English and French between 1793 and 1802, Jean Jacques was captured in 1803. He was executed and, finally, defeated and granted independence to Haiti in 1804 , after which he defended more. After the war, all the land in the city was destroyed.
Mexican IndependenceGuadalajara, executed by the royalist authorities in 1811, was taken over by another priest, José María Morelos, who led the second phase of the Revolution (1811-1815). But he shot him dead in 1815. He is frustrated with his desire for autonomy. And free trade, a group of conservative Creoles claimed to be In 1821, but only when Antonio López de Santa Ana was declared In 1833, the President of the Republic of Spain only recognized Mexicans Independence in 1839.
Idependence of Central America.Guatemala with all its provinces decided to declare its independence to the Spanish crown, annexing by Spain its much stronger defense including the formation of an independent state but thanks to the oligarchies of it gave its separation giving a civil war (1838-1840) where England invaded to the same but was rejected thus giving the independence of Panama together with Colombia but separating by the control of the United States to organize and have control of the Panama Canal.
Cuba IndependenceJose Marti gives the Cubans the Cuban revolution to look for the old leaders of the revolution by building his small army and landing in Cuba, despite his death the army continued fighting making America have the courage to want to have the largest island but tars the explosion of the battleship in 1898 thus give the declaration of war to Spain.
After an American intervention and the defeat of Cuba, the Spanish had a total domination of the Americans.
In the case of Puerto RicoIn 1869, on September 23, there was the great cry of Lares against Spain, the rebellion was crushed in a short time Puerto Rico continued to be part of the Spanish system between the war between Spain and the United States, but after the loss of Spain it became dominating. by the United States and now a disgusted country but consequently it is not an independent country.
Brazil monarchical idependenceAfter Napoleon's invasion in Portugal he did not realize a small detail which was that John VI was taking refuge in that same place where he would leave his son as the governor of that country passing his other son ruling the entire country starting in 1807 and ending and finalizing in 1889 with the proclamation of the republic.
Independence of South AmericaPara sofocar el movimiento independentista, Fernando
VII ordenó organizar la denominada "Expedición de mantenimiento de la paz" que,
al mando del mariscal Pablo Morillo, zarpó de Cádiz en 1815.
fue la mayor fuerza que dejaría España en el transcurso de la guerra: 65
barcos principales, 18 de batalla, un barco de línea de 74 cañones, 15.000 hombres,
avíos y provisiones.
New granada and VenezuelaMorillo soon resumed control of Venezuela and New Granada. But, in 1817,
Bolívar, Piar, Páez, and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war. Bolivar
faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo, in 1818. However, later, Morillo
counterattacked and defeated Bolivar in the valley of Aragua.
Independence of EcuadorLet us remember how the independence of
Guayaquil was proclaimed (9-10-1820), the
arrival of the patriot army commanded by
Antonio José de Sucre, and its triumph in
Pichincha (24-05-1822), which culminated
the independence of the Great Colombia.
Argentina, Paraguay, and UruguayThe first Junta de Buenos Aires (25-051810) organized three military campaigns
to subdue the Spanish forces in the interior, but they were not successful.
However, a revolution spontaneously broke out in Asuncion (14-05-1811), and
the resulting government-held independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay
Independence of ChileSan Martín was not discouraged. That's why years passed
making guns, bullets and everything
types of teams and organization
the Army of the Andes. It was epic, but since they had
planned, the six columns met less
a month later in the Aconcagua Valley and although he suffered a serious
defeat at Cancha Rayada (03-19-1818), triumphed in the decisive battle
de Maipú (04-05-1818), ensuring the independence of Chile.
Together with O'Higgins, and with
200,000 pesos that I obtained from
Buenos Aires, San Martín managed to
buy a naval squadron to attack the
Spaniards in Peru by sea. San Martin
sailed from Valparaíso (20-08-1820)
with a fleet of eight warships and 16
transport ships, and 4,500 men from
the armies of the Andes and Chile. Item
disembarked in Pisco (8-09-1820), and forced the realistic army to retreat towards
the mountain range.
San Martin y BolivarAt their meetings in Guayaquil (07-27-1822), spoke of what
was missing to complete the freedom of America: the defeat of the last royalist
bastion in Peru. Surprisingly, San Martín gave Bolívar the initiative of the war
completely. He returned to Lima, resigned the government of Peru (20-
091822), and returned home to Mendoza, Argentina (01-1823). One year later, he emigrated to Europe, where he died in 1850.
Beginning of independence.To happen to the Latin American revolution, which is a distinguished revolution before the others because it contained much more complexity due to the rebellion of the inhabitants to stop being dominated by the Spanish first due to the contribution of Napoleon precipitating the idependen due to the confinement of Carlos VI Together with his son, thus, the abdication in his favor completed all this on May 5, 1808, but unfortunately his entire reign would be dissolved by the French.
Idependence in Latin AmericaThe independence of Latin America continued from the year 1809 by the proclamation of the sovereign Juntas in the city of Quito, which was repressed by the flames of the Spanish, reaching the point of becoming a continental dispute.
The lack of a king occasion of american boardAfter proclamation of the sovereign assemblies, the Creoles gave three theses which were the rejection of the claims of Napoleon of America, loyalty to Fernando VII and, most importantly, the illegitimacy of both Joseph Bonaparte and the colonial authorities appointed by the Spanish king. that no longer had any power, all this was for different countries from Caracas to Mexico in 1810 with the cry Long live the Virgin of Guadalupe! Down with the bad government! Long live Fernando VII!
Froam the boards to the wars of independence.There was a reprimand by Spanish authorities to cities that would Sovereign Board to prevent virus,that Bogotá then sent troops locate so that no grain of salt could enter they occupied the city after a while year in which inhabitants were killed in 1810, shaking America that first boards not independent until the legitimate king back,in 1811 the Creole elites grew in a military reaction where there was not success, they did not have much soldiers giving a war for Creole reaction.
Causes of Latín América IndependenceEconomic. Bourbon reforms stifled the economy of the
colonies preventing intraregional trade and imposing
Social. There was resentment for the prerogatives of the Spanish. the
disputes between Spaniards and Creoles for managerial positions
extended to all areas.
Ideological. The precursors of independence realized the
differences between the colonies and the metropolis, highlighted the
self-worth and raised the alternative of the homeland as a
separate entity from Spain
End of the war of IndependenceFour months later, while Bolivar had gone to Lima to raise more money and
receive a new contingent of troops, Sucre was forced to give battle and destroyed
the last bastion of the Spanish army at the battle of Ayacucho (9-12-1824),
which put an end to Spanish rule in South America.
Sucre went to Alto Peru in 1825, where there was no resistance, and made it
independent as a sovereign state that adopted the name of Bolivia in honor of
Latin America IndependenceIn short, the independence of Latin America was the historical process of the
rebellion of its inhabitants against Spanish colonial rule and the formation of
independent nation states.