Latin America Independence

Timeline created by OchoaM9D
In History
  • Juan Francisco León's rebellion in Venezuela.

    Juan Francisco León's rebellion in Venezuela.
    The rebellion led by Juan Francisco de León in 1749 against the monopoly of the Compañía Guipuzcoana is the longest of all those experienced in colonial America
  • Juan Francisco León's rebellion in Venezuela.

    Juan Francisco León's rebellion in Venezuela.
    The rebellion led by Juan Francisco de León in 1749 against the monopoly of the Guipuzcoana Company is the longest of all those experienced in colonial America.
  • British colonial forces from North America take the Caribbean island Dominica and an indigenous rebellion breaks out in Mexico

    British colonial forces from North America take the Caribbean island Dominica and an indigenous rebellion breaks out in Mexico
    The English colonial forces of North America take the Caribbean island Dominica and in Mexico an indigenous rebellion breaks out.
  • Fernando Artigas is born

    Fernando Artigas is born
    Fernando Artigas is born, liberator and founder of Uruguayan nationality
  • Fernando Artigas is born

    Fernando Artigas is born
    Fernando Artigas is born, liberator and founder of Uruguayan nationality
  • Revolution of the Estancos

    Revolution of the Estancos
    The popular uprising known as the “Revolution of the Estancos” breaks out in Quito against the monopoly of spirits and the food customs, which meant a transitory triumph for Creoles and mestizos. The heroes José María Morelos y Pavón, liberator of Mexico, and Antonio Nariño, precursor of independence in New Granada, are born.
  • Revolution of the Estancos

    Revolution of the Estancos
    The popular uprising known as the “Revolution of the Estancos” breaks out in Quito against the monopoly of spirits and the customs of food, which meant a transitory triumph for Creoles and mestizos. The heroes José María Morelos y Pavón, liberator of Mexico and Antonio Nariño, precursor of independence in New Granada, are born.
  • One of many Araucanian uprisings breaks out in Chile

    One of many Araucanian uprisings breaks out in Chile
    The Araucanians were nomadic hunter-gatherer peoples divided into three groups: the Mapuche, the Picunche, and the Huilliche. They spoke the same language and federated for military purposes, but otherwise had little political and cultural unity. The Araucanians seem to have been somewhat influenced by the pre-Inca peoples and the Incas; the latter were unable to subdue them.
  • One of many Araucanian uprisings breaks out in Chile

    One of many Araucanian uprisings breaks out in Chile
    One of many Araucanian uprisings breaks out in Chile. New Granada patriots Camilo Torres and Francisco Antonio Zea are born.
  • the Jesuits established in the Indies are captured and expelled from the continent

    the Jesuits established in the Indies are captured and expelled from the continent
    By royal disposition, the Jesuits established in the Indies are captured and expelled from the continent, which gives rise to uprisings in Guanajuato and Michoacán, in New Spain. Also, in the Tucumán region the rebellion of Pedro Bohórquez, called Hualpa-Inca, takes place.
  • the Jesuits established in the Indies are captured and expelled from the continent

    the Jesuits established in the Indies are captured and expelled from the continent
    By royal disposition, the Jesuits established in the Indies are captured and expelled from the continent, which gives rise to uprisings in Guanajuato and Michoacán, in New Spain. Also, in the Tucumán region the rebellion of Pedro Bohórquez, called Hualpa-Inca, takes place.
  • It explodes in the viceroyalty of Peru

    It explodes in the viceroyalty of Peru
    A new indigenous rebellion led by the Sisasica Indians broke out in the viceroyalty of Peru, who killed the magistrate and were harshly repressed for it. Manuel Belgrano, hero of Argentine independence, is born.
  • A new indigenous rebellion led by the Sisasica Indians breaks out in the viceroyalty of Peru

    A new indigenous rebellion led by the Sisasica Indians breaks out in the viceroyalty of Peru
    A new indigenous rebellion led by the Sisasica Indians broke out in the viceroyalty of Peru, who killed the magistrate and were harshly repressed for it. Manuel Belgrano, hero of Argentine independence, is born.
  • The uprising led by Toussaint Louverture breaks out in Haiti

    The uprising led by Toussaint Louverture breaks out in Haiti
    The uprising led by Toussaint Louverture breaks out in Haiti. That same year, the Venezuelan hero Francisco de Miranda traveled to Spain, to return to his land in 1806 faced with Spanish power.
  • The uprising led by Toussaint Louverture breaks out in Haiti.

    The uprising led by Toussaint Louverture breaks out in Haiti.
    En Haití estalla la sublevación dirigida por Toussaint Louverture. Ese mismo año, el prócer venezolano Francisco de Miranda viaja a España, para regresar a su tierra en 1806 enfrentado al poder español.
  • War breaks out between the American colonists and the English colonial power

    War breaks out between the American colonists and the English colonial power
    War breaks out between the American colonists and the English colonial power. George Washington leads the insurgent forces.
  • Thomas Jefferson is entrusted with the document by which the independence of the United States is declared

    Thomas Jefferson is entrusted with the document by which the independence of the United States is declared
    Thomas Jefferson is entrusted with the document by which the independence of the United States is declared. The viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata is created, made up of Argentina, Charcas (Bolivia), Uruguay and Paraguay. An indigenous rebellion breaks out in Guano, Ecuador, against the abuses of the magistrate. José de la Mar was born in Ecuador, hero of independence and the first president of Peru.
  • Thomas Jefferson is entrusted with the document by which the independence of the United States is declared

    Thomas Jefferson is entrusted with the document by which the independence of the United States is declared
    Thomas Jefferson is entrusted with the document by which the independence of the United States is declared. The viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata is created, made up of Argentina, Charcas (Bolivia), Uruguay and Paraguay. An indigenous rebellion breaks out in Guano, Ecuador, against the abuses of the magistrate. José de la Mar was born in Ecuador, hero of independence and the first president of Peru.
  • The Captaincy General of Chile is established

    The Captaincy General of Chile is established
    The captaincy general of Chile is established. José de San Martín, liberator of the Argentine nation; Bernardo O'Higgins, liberator of Chile; and the patriot also Argentine, Mariano Moreno
  • Emancipation rebellions continue on the continent

    Emancipation rebellions continue on the continent
    Emancipation rebellions continue on the continent, among which are the one headed by José Gabriel Condorcanqui (Túpac Amaru II), in the viceroyalty of Peru; that of the Socorro community members, in New Granada, headed by José Antonio Galán; in addition to other rebellions in Paraguay and Argentina.
  • Diego Cristóbal Túpac Amaru (brother of Túpac Amaru) is arrested

    Diego Cristóbal Túpac Amaru (brother of Túpac Amaru) is arrested
    Diego Cristóbal Túpac Amaru (brother of Túpac Amaru) is arrested, while José Antonio Galán is executed and Antonio Caballero y Góngora is appointed viceroy of New Granada.
  • The indigenous rebellion in the viceroyalty of Peru dies down

    The indigenous rebellion in the viceroyalty of Peru dies down
    The indigenous rebellion in the viceroyalty of Peru is extinguished with the execution of the leader Diego Cristóbal Túpac Amaru. The liberator Simón Bolívar was born in Caracas.
  • Francisco de Miranda travels to the United States to speak with the North American leaders of the independence projects

    Francisco de Miranda travels to the United States to speak with the North American leaders of the independence projects
    Francisco de Miranda travels to the United States to speak with the North American leaders of the pro-independence projects, before embarking for England.
  • The Ecuadorian patriot Eugenio Santa Cruz y Espejo is exiled to Bogotá for his liberal ideas

    The Ecuadorian patriot Eugenio Santa Cruz y Espejo is exiled to Bogotá for his liberal ideas
    The Ecuadorian patriot Eugenio Santa Cruz y Espejo is exiled to Bogotá for his liberal ideas. There he meets the young revolutionaries Antonio Nariño and Francisco Antonio Zea.
  • In Spain the Casa de Contratación de Cádiz is abolished

    In Spain, the Casa de Contratación de Cádiz is abolished, within the framework of the administration's policy and progressive economic decentralization of the kingdom. Francisco de Miranda is in London trying to win followers for the independence cause. The Venezuelan hero José Antonio Páez is born.
  • In Spain the Casa de Contratación de Cádiz is abolished

    In Spain the Casa de Contratación de Cádiz is abolished
    In Spain, the Casa de Contratación de Cádiz is abolished, within the framework of the administration's policy and progressive economic decentralization of the kingdom. Francisco de Miranda is in London trying to win followers for the independence cause. The Venezuelan hero José Antonio Páez is born.
  • The introduction of black slaves in Buenos Aires and Montevideo is authorized

    The introduction of black slaves in Buenos Aires and Montevideo is authorized
    The introduction of black slaves in Buenos Aires and Montevideo is authorized. O'Higgins in Chile dictates the abolition of the encomienda regime. The Mexican leader Antonio López de Santa Anna is born
  • The introduction of black slaves in Buenos Aires and Montevideo is authorized

    The introduction of black slaves in Buenos Aires and Montevideo is authorized
    The introduction of black slaves in Buenos Aires and Montevideo is authorized. O'Higgins in Chile dictates the abolition of the encomienda regime. The Mexican leader Antonio López de Santa Anna is born.
  • Francisco de Miranda enters the service of the French army

    Francisco de Miranda enters the service of the French army
    Francisco de Miranda entered the service of the French army and as a field marshal he fought against the Prussians. The Colombian hero Francisco de Paula Santander is born.
  • Through the Treaty of Basel, Spain recognizes the authority of France over Haiti and the entire island of Santo Domingo

    Through the Treaty of Basel, Spain recognizes the authority of France over Haiti and the entire island of Santo Domingo
    Through the Treaty of Basel, Spain recognizes the authority of France over Haiti and the entire island of Santo Domingo, in exchange for the withdrawal of French troops from the peninsula. Jamaica falls under the control of the English. In Coro, Venezuela, blacks and mestizos inspired by the rebellion in Haiti rise up.
  • Through the Treaty of Basel, Spain recognizes the authority of France over Haiti and the entire island of Santo Domingo

    Through the Treaty of Basel, Spain recognizes the authority of France over Haiti and the entire island of Santo Domingo
    Through the Treaty of Basel, Spain recognizes the authority of France over Haiti and the entire island of Santo Domingo, in exchange for the withdrawal of French troops from the peninsula. Jamaica falls under the control of the English. In Coro, Venezuela, blacks and mestizos inspired by the rebellion in Haiti rise up.
  • The insurgent José Leonardo Chirinos

    The insurgent José Leonardo Chirinos
    The insurgent José Leonardo Chirinos, leader of the rebellion of blacks and mulattos in Venezuela, is sentenced to death by the Royal Court. The neo-Granada hero Antonio Nariño visits Paris, London, and other European cities, seeking contacts in favor of the independence cause.
  • Francisco de Miranda, who travels to England to seek support

    Francisco de Miranda, who travels to England to seek support
    Francisco de Miranda, who travels to England to seek support for the cause, is expelled from France, accused of conspiring against Spain, an ally of France. Miranda proposes calling Latin America Colombia and establishing its capital in Panama, while preparing an invasion of Venezuela.
  • General Leclerc

    General Leclerc
    General Leclerc, in command of the French metropolitan forces, invades Haiti. The independence of the country collapses. Toussaint is taken prisoner and slavery is restored on the island. Simón Bolívar returns to Venezuela from Spain.