Important contributions in Forensic Science

Timeline created by 40009749
  • Mathieu Orfila, “Father of Forensic Toxicology"

    Mathieu Orfila, “Father of Forensic Toxicology"
    Because he published first scientific paper on the detection of poisons and their effects on animals.
  • William Herschel

    William Herschel
    Used thumbprints on documents to identify workers in India.
  • Alphonse Bertillon

    Alphonse Bertillon
    “Father of Criminal Identification”.
    Developed Anthropometry which uses body measurements to distinguish individuals.
  • Henry Fauld

    Henry Fauld
    Uses fingerprints to eliminate an innocent burglary suspect.
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
    Published his first Sherlock Holmes story, featured in four novels, and 56 short stories, popularized scientific crime-detection methods.
  • Francis Galton

    Published "Fingerprints".
    Conducted the first study of fingerprints and their classification.
    Gave proof of their uniqueness.
  • Hans Gross

    Hans Gross
    Wrote the first paper describing application of principles of science to the field of criminal investigation. Published "Criminal Investigation".
  • Karl Landsteiner

    Karl Landsteiner
    Discovered ABO blood groups, then later received Nobel Prize.
  • Edmond Locard

    Edmond Locard
    Edmond LocardIncorporated Gross’ principles within a workable crime lab; became the founder and director of the Institute of Criminalistics at the University of Lyons, France.
  • Albert S. Osborn

    Albert S. Osborn
    Published Questioned Documents. Developed the fundamental
    principles of document examination.
  • Leone Lattes

    Leone Lattes
    Developed a method for determining blood type from dried blood.
  • August Vollmer

    Established the First Crime Lab in United States, located in Los Angeles.
  • Calvin Goddard

    Developed a comparison microscope; but was first used to compare bullets to see if they were fired from the same weapon.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1201
    to
    1300

    13th Century China

    The first case ever recorded using forensic science. When someone was stabbed,
    all of the knives in the village were collected. Flies were attracted to the traces of blood and
    landed on only one of the knives, causing the suspect to confess.