History of Special Education

Timeline created by abirein
In History
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Supreme Court Case. This case decided that racial segregation in public schools prevented equality in education. It was later used to argue against segregation based on disabilities in schools (Wright, 2010).
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

    This act provided more funding for primary and secondary education from the federal government and emphasized the need to close the gap in achievement between high and low income students. Increased funding helped children with disabilities have better access of public education. (Special Education News, 2009).
  • Rehabilitation Act of 1973

    Section 504. Stated that individuals with disabilities could not be excluded from programs receiving federal funding (Department of Education, 2015).
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Public Law 94-142. The first special education legislation that prevented students from being denied education based on their disabilities. (Skiba et al., 2008)
  • EAHCA amended to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    EAHCA was replaced with IDEA, which focused more on the individuals with disabilities rather than the disabilities themselves (Driscoll & Nagel, 2010).
  • IDEA 1997 Amendments

    These amendments focused on providing individualized education plans as well as providing parents with a larger decision making role (Driscoll & Nagel, 2010).
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    The purpose of this act was to make sure the every students had the same opportunity to get a high-quality education. This education was to be assessed using achievement standards and standardized assessment (Wright, 2010)
  • IDEA 2004 Amendments

    With these amendments, Congress increased the accountability for educating students with disabilities, calling for teachers who were highly qualified (Department of Education, 2010).