HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

Timeline created by lavie
In History
  • -546 BCE

    Thales of Miletus

    Thales of Miletus
    624 B.C - 546 B.C
  • -435 BCE

    Socrates

    Socrates
    1170 B.C - 399 B.C
  • -384 BCE

    Aristotle

    Aristotle
    384 B.C - 323 B.C
  • -288 BCE

    Archimedes

    Archimedes
    288 B.C - 212 B.C
  • 354

    Augustine of Hippo

    Augustine of Hippo
    354 A.D - 430 A.D
  • 1225

    St. Thomas Aquinas

    St. Thomas Aquinas
    1225 - 1274
  • 1500

    Niccolo Machiavelli

    Niccolo Machiavelli
    1469 - 1527
  • René Descartes

    René Descartes
    1596 - 1650
  • Thomas Hobbes

    Thomas Hobbes
    1588 - 1679
  • Montesquieu

    Montesquieu
    1689 - 1755
  • Nietzsche

    Nietzsche
    1844 - 1900
  • Period:
    -600 BCE
    to
    -501 BCE

    Pre-Socratic philosophy

    Interested in the origin, the reality of nature and the laws of the universe.
    Where did everything come from?
    How might we describe nature mathematically? Philosophers:
    Thale of Miletus (624 B.C - 546 B.C)
    Parmenides (515 B.C - 401B.C)
  • Period:
    -450 BCE
    to
    -322 BCE

    Classical philosophy

    Philosophy shifted from the natural world to human beings and their life in society. They sought to understand the objective nature of reality. Socrates (1170 B.C - 399 B.C)
    Plato (427 B.C - 347 B.C)
    Aristotle (384 B.C - 323 B.C)
  • Period:
    -322 BCE
    to
    -195 BCE

    Hellenistic philosophy

    Philosophy was divided into two different tendencies: moral philosophy and the investigation of the natural world.
    They were also concerned about happiness. Is death bad for the one who dies? Philosophers: Archimedes (288 B.C - 212 B.C)
    Epicurus (341 B.C - 270 B.C)
  • Period:
    -301 BCE
    to
    476

    Ancient History

  • Period:
    -195 BCE
    to
    476

    Christian philosophy

    Several attempts to create a synthesis between philosophy and Christianity. The key idea of Christian philosophy is based upon the worldview foundation of Christ. Philosophers:
    Augustine of Hippo (354 A.D - 430 A.D)
    Plotinus (204 A.D - 270 A.D)
  • Period:
    476
    to
    1492

    Middle Ages

  • Period:
    1101
    to
    1500

    Scholaticism

    They were concerned about the relationship between faith and reason. Their key questions were mainly, about the existence of God and immortality. Philosophers: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 - 1274)
    Albertus Magnus (1205 - 1280)
  • Period:
    1492
    to

    Modern Philosophy

  • Period:
    1492
    to

    The Renaissance

    Was mostly centered around humanism, the study of human values and potential. They also explored and studied the classical authors of Greco-Roman culture. Philosophers: Niccolo Machiavelli (1469 - 1527)
    Erasmus Desiderius (1466 - 1536)
  • Period: to

    Rationalism

    They believed that knowledge came from logic and a certain kind of intuition. Philosophers: René Descartes (1596 - 1650)
    Gottfried Leibniz (1646 - 1716)
  • Period: to

    Empiricism

    They believed that people should rely on practical experience and experiments, rather than on theories, as a basis for knowledge. Philosophers: Thomas Hobbes (1588 - 1679)
    John Locke (1632 - 1704)
  • Period: to

    Enlightenment

    The Two Fundamental Characteristics of the Philosophy of Enlightenment are:
    1) Faith in the European Reason and human rationality to reject the tradition and the pre-established institutions and thoughts;
    2) Search for practical, useful knowledge as the power to control nature. Philosophers: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778)
    Montesquieu (1713 - 1784)
  • Period: to

    Contemporary philosophy

    This period is characterised by having diverse philosophical trends. The principal themes were society, morality, history, human existence. Philosophers: Bertrand Russel (1872 - 1970)
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 - 1900)