Oct 12, 1492
Christopher columbusChristopher columbus
Columbus land on island in the Caribbean Sea
Description of journey:
Columbus sails from Palos, Spain on Aug. 3, 1492.
On Sept. 30, 1492 Ships complete 3 weeks with no sight of land.
On Oct. 12, 1492 Columbus lands on San Salvador
On Dec. 25, 1492 Santa Maria wrecks
On Jan. 16, 1493 Nina and Pinta began homeward voyage
On Mar. 15 1493 Nina and Pinta reach Palos
Jan 1, 1519
Hernán CortésHernán Cortés
Hernán Cortés conqeured Central and southern Mexico
Cortes sailed to Yucatán in 1519
From Yucatán, Cortés sailed northward along the Coast of the Gulf of Mexico
In Aug 1519, Cortés marched toward Tenochitlan
In December 1520 Cortés began to organize an attack on Tenochitlan
The city fell on Aug. 13 1521
Jul 16, 1519
Alsono Álvarez de PinedaAlsono Álvarez de Pineda
Alsono Álvarez de Pineda was sent to explore the gulf of Mexico
Description of journey:
He sailed from Jamaica to map the coastline.
He reached Florida and from there his ships sailed west and south.
He passed what are now the states of Alabama, Mississippi,Louisiana and Texas.
Álvarez de Pineda sailed north and founded a settlment that failed.
*date of departure is only an estimate
Jan 1, 1527
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de VacaÁlvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca Cabeza De Vaca joined an expedition to Florida but was seperated and on a barge landed on an island of of Texas
Cabeza De Vaca joined an expedition to Florida.
After landing he became seperated from the ships.
He and a few companions sailed to an island off of Texas.
He reachined northwestern Mexico on foot.
*date of expedition to Florida is an estimate
Sep 30, 1528
Pánfilo de NarváezPánfilo de Narváez
Pánfilo de Narváez was given the land of Florida and led an expedition there.
Narváez led an expedition to Florida in 1528.
He landed near Tampa Bay and lost many men in storms.
He was cut off from the ships so he built 5 barges
In November 1528 winds and currents forced his boat out into the gulf of Mexico and he drowned.
*date of departure is and estimate
Apr 7, 1538
Luis De Moscoso AlvaradoLuis De Moscoso Alvarado
Luis De Moscoso Alvarado was commander of 1 of 7 ships in Soto's fleet, He later became commander of the army.
On Apr. 7 1538 he sailed from a spanish port to Florida
On Mar. 1541 Soto proclaimed Moscoso commander while he was dying.
On June 5 1542 the army left to go to New Spain.
Sep 30, 1539
Hernando De SotoHernando De Soto
Hernando De Soto arrived near present-day Tampa Bay in 1539. He brought more than 600 men with horses to help him colonize the land and search for gold. De Soto planned to capture Indian chiefs.
The army camped for the winter in what is now northern Florida
It headed north during the spring and summer of 1540.
On May 21, 1542, de Soto died from a fever by the banks of the Mississippi.
Feb 28, 1540
Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vásquez de Coronado
Coronado led expeditions to supposed cities of gold
Coronado left from Comostela,New Galica.
In July Coronado reached Cibola
In the winter of 1540 Coronado moved his headquarters
The following spring he led an expedition to Quirva
In The spring of 1542 he returned to new Spain
René Robert Cavelier Sieur de La SalleRené Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle
René Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle sailed to seek the mouth of the Mississippi.
René Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle sailed from Rochefort, France.
The fllet was forced to make repaires.
La Salle failed to find the Mississippi.
La salle lands on Matagorda Bay.
In late winter 1686 the only remaining ship wrecked