Exploration to independents

Timeline created by colin.josephson
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    800

    The Maya

    The Maya created an irrigation system and terracing as new farming technology. The main group was very religious and believed in several gods. The Maya developed writing and their economy relied on middle-class workers.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmecs

    In 1200 they began looking to expand their civilization and leaving their civilization's men throughout the gulf coast. In this time the Olmec's major cities began to flourish and they were able to get food and goods from the coast. The Olmec were known for their strong agriculture.
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land
    The Crusades called for Urban war against the Muslims.
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy

    Europe is a farming economy
    Europe shifted there economy to a trading economy buying and selling goods.
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    The Aztec

    The Aztecs were led by Montezuma and they were a highly successful group. The Aztecs had their capital city of Tenochtitlan. In 1345 the Aztecs flourished and created a triple alliance. They were very successful in expanding their empire. The Aztecs had a strong farming economy and a powerful military.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo travels to the East

    Marco Polo travels to the East
    Marco Polo traveled to Asia to get the new materials to trade.
  • 1289

    Crusades end

    Crusades end
    The war between the Crusades and the Muslims ended, but the Crusades opened Europeans eyes to the rest of the world which led Marco Polo to discover new lands and trade new products which led to the development of new technological inventions.
  • 1289

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book
    While Marco Polo was imprisoned he wrote a book called The Travels of Marco Polo.
  • 1293

    Polos journey home

    Polos journey home
    Marco Polo began his journey home by ship with all the jewels and material that he got from his trip.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance was a Rebirth in Europe which renewed interest in Ancient Greece and Rome and led to people learning about the world around them and discoveries in science and new technology.
  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    The Inca

    The Inca were located in South America. They were a rich economy centered in Cuzco. The Inca built a 14,000-mile road for trade and traveling that allowed them to travel and trade through every season
  • 1415

    Portugal captures the fortress of Ceuta in Africa

    Portugal captures the fortress of Ceuta in Africa
    Portugal captured the fortress of Ceuta in Africa which was the beginning of Portugal controlling the global market of gold.
  • 1419

    Portugal discovers Madeira Island

    Portugal discovers Madeira Island
    Prince Henry helped make advancements in shipbuilding, cartography, and navigational science which led to Portugal's discovery of the Madeira island.
  • 1427

    Portugal discovers Azores island

    Portugal discovers Azores island
    They discovered Azores island which encouraged Prince Henry and other explorers to navigate south along the coast of Africa.
  • 1434

    Prince Henry's ships successfully return from voyage

    Prince Henry's ships successfully return from voyage
    Prince Henry's ships got back successfully after there voyage which encouraged the Portuguese to venture even farther.
  • 1440

    The Printing Press is invented

    The Printing Press is invented
    The most important invention during the Renaissance, the Printing Press, was invented by Gutenburg.
  • 1469

    The marriage of Ferdinand or Aragon and Isabelle

    The marriage of Ferdinand or Aragon and Isabelle
    Ferdinand and Isabelle got married and unified Catholic Spain.
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Días travels down the coast of Africa

    Bartolomeu Días travels down the coast of Africa
    Bartolomeu Días traveled down the tip of Africa making it further than any explorer before him and reached the Eastern coast of South Africa.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    The Catholic church expels Muslims from Spain

    The Catholic church expels Muslims from Spain
    They expelled the Muslims from Spain and Ferdinand and Isabelle funded Columbus' voyage so they could spread Christianity to new lands and gain a commercial advantage over Portugal.
  • 1519

    Cortes invades the Aztec

    Cortes invades the Aztec
    Hernán Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who took over the Aztecs and became the ruler of Mexico city and was the governor of Spain.
  • 1529

    Pizarro Invades the Inca

    Pizarro Invades the Inca
    The Inca empire had been in a civil war and their people were distracted with fighting each other. Pizarro started a war against them and took over because Pizarro had better weapons and recruited native allies.
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under Pizarro

    The Inca fall under Pizarro
    Pizarro sent a priest to tell the Incas to renounce their gods. When Atahualpa disagreed, that told Pizarro and his troops to attack. Pizarro captured and executed Atahualpa.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    Hobbes wrote the Leviathan to express his beliefs that without a government men would go to war.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    John Locke had an opposing viewpoint from Hobbes that there should be self-rule, not a government.
  • The United States declares Independence July 4

    The United States declares Independence July 4
    The colonist used the ideas from Locke and Hobbes to write the Declaration of Independence as a call for revolution against the British crown.
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    The French had to pay for France's debts for the seven-year war which made people complain to the king that they wanted equality and they started a French revolution against the French monarchy.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
    In 1803 L'Overture was captured and sent away to later die in prison which restored the colony of the French and the slaves won also Haiti got its independence.
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
    Bolivar returned to South America and invaded Venezuela starting their campaign which was victorious and Venezuela became independent.
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    Bolivar returned to Venezuela and began to fight against the Spanish and he was able to claim more territory which then created the Gran Colombia created under Bolivar's new government which allowed them to gain independence.
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    The army of San Martín was transported to Peru and in 1821 he proclaimed the independence of Peru from Spain.
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    After a failed rebellion Miguel Hidalgo influenced others to seek independence which later succeeded in Mexico gaining independence.