Environmental History Timeline

Timeline created by weisfriends
  • Agricultural Revolution (10,000 years ago)

    Agricultural Revolution (10,000 years ago)
    Humans start to farm instead of hunting and gathering. agricultural-revolution.jpg. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0261-agricultural-revolution.php.
  • Industrial Revolution (275 years ago)

    Industrial Revolution (275 years ago)
    People started to come up with advanced technology to improve productivity. Industrial-Revolution.jpg. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://eatbigfish.com/type/blog-type/new-industrial-humanism/attachment/industrial-revolution.
  • John Muir

    John Muir
    American naturalist who advocated wilderness preservation. File:Muir portrait 1872.jpg. John Muir. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Muir.
  • Walden by Henry David Thoreau

    Walden by Henry David Thoreau
    Walden by Henry David Thoreau was about Thoreau's time he spent in the woods and preached about how to be self-sufficiency and independence 250px-Walden_Thoreau.jpg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walden.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    The Homestead Act granted 160 acres to anyone that moved out west and farmed on the land. Unknown.jpeg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/homestead-act/.
  • Yellowstone National Park founded

    Yellowstone National Park founded
    Yellowstone National Park was the first national park established by the government. Unknown-1.jpeg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://www.tracks-trails.com/yellowstone-national-park.
  • American Forestry Association founded

    American Forestry Association founded
    An association dedicated to the preservation of the country's forests american-forestry-1.jpg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://landscapeonline.com/research/article/9894.
  • Yosemite plus Sequoia National Park founded

    Yosemite plus Sequoia National Park founded
    Helped perserve the environment by protecting land from development. 284px-1_yosemite_valley_tunnel_view_2010.JPG. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yosemite_National_Park.
  • Sierra Club founded

    Sierra Club founded
    The first club dedicated to preserving the environment. Unknown-2.jpeg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://alaska.sierraclub.org/.
  • Lacey Act founded

    Lacey Act founded
    A conservation law passed to protect plants and animals by making criminal punishments for violations. Lacey.jpg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://training.fws.gov/History/HistoricImages/Lacey.html.
  • First National Wildlife Refuge established

    First National Wildlife Refuge established
    Protected species of animals by banning hunting. elkrefcent-264x300.jpg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://bunnery.com/blog/2012/elkfest-is-here/.
  • Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946)

    Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946)
    Gifford Pinchot was the first president of the the United States Forest Service. He was appointed by Theodore Roosevelt and during his service as president of the United States Forest Service, the area of national forest increased from 51 million acres to 175 million acres. Gifford Pinchot. Pinchot, Gifford - Biography. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/resshow/perry/bios/PinchotGifford.htm.
  • Aldo Leopold (1887-1948)

    Aldo Leopold (1887-1948)
    The father of wildlife managment and wildlife ecology. He wrote a book called "A Sand County Almanac" which surrounded the idea of living in harmony with your surroundings. He is considered the leading person in managing and restoring wildlife populations. Aldo Leopold. Aldo Leopold Nature Center - Who was Aldo Leopold?. Web. 26 Jan. 2013. http://www.naturenet.com/alnc/aldo.html.
  • Audubon Society Founded

    Audubon Society Founded
    The National Audubon Society, founded in 1905, was named after John James Audubon, who painted and described the birds of America in his book "The Birds of America." The National Audubon Society was founded to protect and conserve the birds of America and make sure they live good and safe lives. National Audubon Society Logo. National Audubon Society - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Audubon_Society.
  • Antiquities Act

    Antiquities Act
    The Antiquities Act of 1906, was signed into effect by President Theodore Roosevelt to reserve small portions of land as national monuments and historic sites for the nation. Even though it was intended for the reservation of small portions of land, it has been used in a different way. The Grand Canyon was created by this act. Devils Tower, The first National Monument. Antiquities Act - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiquities_Act.
  • US National Park Service Founded

    US National Park Service Founded
    The US federal agency manages all national parks and some national monuments. They are responsible for the upkeep and safety of the national parks. National Park Service Arrowhead. National Park Service - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Park_Service.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps founded

    Civilian Conservation Corps founded
    The Civilian Conservation Corps was a relief agency founded during the Great Depression. It gave unemployed, unmarried men ages 18-25 jobs. Their goal was to work on national parks and other areas that needed conserving. It was part of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal and helped with the unemployment rate.
    Statue of CCC worker in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Civilian Conservation Corps - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Jan.2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civilian_Conservation_Corps
  • Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act

    Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act
    Also called the Duck Stamp Act requires all waterfowl hunters at or above the age of 16 to have a valid federal hunting stamp. Duck Stamp. Duck Stamps - More Birds for Your Buck Birdfreak.com. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://birdfreak.com/duck-stamps-more-birds-for-your-buck/.
  • Taylor Grazing Act

    Taylor Grazing Act
    The Taylor Grazing Act of 1934 created the policy that lands should be set aside for grazing animals. This reserved a certain portion of land for farmers and their grazing animals. Grazing Cows. We are Grazing (alot) - Bhudeva. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://bhudeva.org/blog/2010/12/19/we-are-grazing-alot/.
  • Fish and Wildlife Service founded PICTURE NEEDED

    Fish and Wildlife Service founded PICTURE NEEDED
    The Fish and Wildlife Service is a federal government agency within the United States Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. Fish and Wildlife Service Official Logo. United States Fish and Wildlife Service - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Fish_and_Wildlife_Service.
  • Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson

    Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson
    Silent Spring is widely credited with sparking the contemporary American environmental movement. The book argued against the uncontrolled use of pesticides and brought awareness to the world about that and many other issues. The Book-of-the-Month Club edition, with included endorsement by William O. Douglas. Silent Spring - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silent_Spring.
  • Wilderness Act

    Wilderness Act
    The Wilderness Act created the legal definition of wilderness and brought about the National Wilderness Preservation System. Because of this act over 100 million acres have been named wilderness. Men are not allowed to settle on wilderness. This sign reflects the true intent of Congress: to ban motorized vehicles. "Mechanical Transport", a clause in the 1964 Wilderness Act, defined and discussed. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://www.wildernessbicycling.org/bikesbelong/mechanical_transport.html.
  • Garrett Hardin publishes “The Tragedy of the Commons.”

    Garrett Hardin publishes “The Tragedy of the Commons.”
    An essay written By Garrett Hardin about the depletion of a shared resource by separate individuals, acting independently of one another, despite their understanding that depleting the common resource is contrary to the group's long-term best interests. Tragedy of the Common Cows. Sustainability and the Tragedy of the Commons. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://www.education4sustainability.org/?p=337.
  • Wild and Scenic Rivers Act

    Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
    This act established a National Wild and Scenic Rivers System and prescribes the methods and standards through which additional rivers may be identified and added to the system. This system protects rivers from being changed by mankind and they are to remain untouched and beautiful. Logo of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. National Wild and Scenic Rivers System - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Wild_and_Scenic_Rivers_System
  • Cuyahoga River Burns

    Cuyahoga River Burns
    On June 22, 1969 the Cuyahoga River in Ohio lit on fire under a railroad bridge. The fire became a representation of the dire state of the environment of that time. dailykos.com accessed 01-24-2013
  • National Environmental Policy Act

    National Environmental Policy Act
    The Netional Enviromental Policy Act (NEPA) was the first law to establish a policy of enviornmental protection by the United States Government. State of Idaho,Boise, Idaho. Web.25 Jan. 2013. <itd.idaho/Projects/nepa.thm?print.>
  • First Earth Day

    First Earth Day
    On April 22, 1970 the first Earth Day was celebrated, it was the first national attempt at recognizing the importance of the environment and the protection of its resources. Earth Day has been continually celebrated until the present. nationalgeographic.com
  • Clean Air Act

    Clean Air Act
    The Clean Air Act was the first law passed by the United States that attempted at reducing the amount of paticulates in the atmosphere of the U.S. Within its provisions was the creation of the EPA. amestoc.org
  • Environmental Protection Agency Founded

    Environmental Protection Agency Founded
    On December 2,1970 President Richard Nixon created the Environment Protection Ageny (EPA), which was the first governmental attempt to create a government agency with the sole purpose of cleaning up and protecting the natural environment. breitbart.com
  • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Control Act (FIFRA)

    Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Control Act (FIFRA)
    One of the laws enacted in 1970's that dealt with environmental policy. FIFRA specifically dealt with regulation of chemicals used to kill pests. englishdictionaryfree.com
  • OPEC and oil embargo

    OPEC and oil embargo
    On October 16, 1973 an embargo of shipment of oil to the United States was announced by OPEC, and organization of oil exporting countries of which most were in the Middle East. The embargo was announced in retribution for the United State's support of Isrseal in the 1973 Yom KIppur War .The embargo led to a large nationwide effort to use gasoline resosourecs more effeciently. blogs.wsj.com
  • The Endangered Species Act

    The Endangered Species Act
    The Endangered Species Act was the first law enacted which had the intent of saving threatend animal species from extinction. saveourspecies2012.weekly.com
  • Roland and Molina announce CFCs are depleting the ozone layer

    Roland and Molina announce CFCs are depleting the ozone layer
    In June 1974 two researchers from California named Roland and Molina announced their discovery that CFCs, found in sray cans, depleted the Earth's important ozone layer. xtimeline.com
  • Resource Conservation and Recovry Act (RCRA)

    Resource Conservation and Recovry Act (RCRA)
    The RCRA is the 1976 law that allows the government to regulate the disposal of solid and hazardous/toxic waste.
  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA)

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA)
    The SMCRA , passed in 1977, is the primary law that regulates coal mining and deals with reclamation of formerly mined properties. wju.edu
  • Clean Water Act

    Clean Water Act
    One of several environmental laws enacted in the 1970's. The Clean Water Act has/had the sole purpose of cleaning up America's water resources (streams, lakes, rivers, springs, etc.). ecologywa.blogspot.com
  • Love Canal

    Love Canal
    The Love Canal Disater was the dicovery of 22,000 tons of toxic waste that homes and a school were built on top of after being sold to the local school board. President Jimmy Carter declared a state of emergency because the situation was so dire (many birth defects had already been found in children who were from the Love Canal neighborhood). epa.gov
  • Three Mile Island Nuclear Incident

    Three Mile Island Nuclear Incident
    Nuclear reactant coolant began to escape from the facilities on the Three Mile Island power plant in Pennsylvania, causing the release of radioactive gases into the surrounding environment. Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant. 1979. Three Mile Island Accident. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Mile_Island_accident.
  • The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) or Superfund Act

    The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) or Superfund Act
    The Superfund Act (CERCLA) is a federal law that is meant to clean areas contaminated by hazardous materials.
    Superfund. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bruin-lagoon-drilling.jpg.
  • Bhopal Tragedy

    Bhopal Tragedy
    The Bhopal Gas Tragedy was a gas leak from a plant in India. The leak itself caused about 3,800 deaths.
    Bhopal Disaster. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bhopal-Union_Carbide_2.jpg.
  • Chernobyl Nuclear Accident

    Chernobyl Nuclear Accident
    Considered to be the worst nuclear power plant disaster, nuclear particles were released from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant after an an explosion. Damage to the environment and people in the surrounding area is still present today.
    Drachev, Viktor.Chernobyl Disaster 25th Anniversary. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/04/chernobyl_disaster_25th_annive.html.
  • Montreal Protocol

    Montreal Protocol
    The Montreal Protocol was a treaty signed with the purpose of protecting the ozone layer.
    Montreal Protocol. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreal_Protocol.
  • Exxon Valdez

    Exxon Valdez
    The Exxon Valdez was an oil tanker that spilled thousands of barrels of oil in the Prince William Sound in Alaska. It is the 54th largest spill ever.
    Exxon Valdez. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exxon_Valdez.
  • Kyoto Protocol

    Kyoto Protocol
    The Kyoto Protocol setl imits on the amount of greenhouse gases industrialized countries can emit. The purpose is to stabalize the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
    Kyoto Protocol. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyoto_Protocol.
  • World Population

    World Population
    The world population reached 6 billion in 1999. Adnan Mevic was supposedly the 6 billionth person to be alive on Earth.
    World Population Milestones. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population_milestones#The_Day_of_6_billion.
  • Energy Policy Act

    Energy Policy Act
    The act was an attempt to boost the usage of environmentaly healthy energy sources, such as wind and geothermal energy.
    Chapter 16: Wind Energy. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/chapter16.html.
  • IPCC Report on Climate Change

    IPCC Report on Climate Change
    Reports were to assess climate change and this was the fourth in a series. The research showed that the amount of carbon dioixide had increased noticably.
    IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Radiative-forcings.svg.
  • Deepwater Horizon

    Deepwater Horizon
    The Deepwater Horizon was an offshore oil rig that suffered froma massive explosion. The explosion killed about 11 workers and resulted in a well pumping out oil in the seabed. It is recognized as the largest offshore oil spill in United States History.
    Deepwater Horizon. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepwater_Horizon#Explosion_and_oil_spill.
  • World population hits 7 billion

    World population hits 7 billion
    When the world population reached 7 billion people, the United Nations Population Fund stated that steps would have to be taken to accomodate the challlenges that come with haveing such a greatly populated Earth.
    World Population Milestones. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population_milestones#The_Day_of_7_billion.
  • Period: to

    Golden Age of Conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)

    Roosevelt established the forest service and other programs to perserve the environment. images.jpeg. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://www.facebook.com/BLMNational/posts/318670068234816.